A SURVEY OF FACTORS AFFECTING ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC TRADE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN NATIONAL TECHNICAL CERTIFICATE (NTC) EXAMINATION IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN KATSINA STATE.

A SURVEY OF FACTORS AFFECTING ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC TRADE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN NATIONAL TECHNICAL CERTIFICATE (NTC) EXAMINATION IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN KATSINA STATE.

The Complete Project Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters. Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References Level : BTech/BSc/BA/HND/ND

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                                                             i

CERTIFICATION                                                                                      ii

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                    iii

DEDICATION                                                                                           iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                                          v

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                           vi

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                               ix

LIST OF APPENDICES                                                                                      x

ABSTRACT                                                                                               xi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION                                                                           1

1.1     Background of the study                                                                             1

1.2     Statement of the problem                                                                  6

1.3     Purpose of the study                                                                         7

1.4     Significance of the study                                                                             8

1.5     Research questions                                                                                     9

1.6     Scope of the study                                                                                      9

1.7     Operational definition of terms                                                                   9

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                                     12

2.1     Theoretical framework                                                                      12

2.2     Concepts of co-operative education                                                  13

2.3     Goals of technical education in Nigeria                                             15

2.4     Electrical and electronic trades in technical colleges                          15

2.5     The objective of cooperative education plan in electrical/electronic

trade curriculum for technical colleges                                              16      2.6          Teaching-learning strategies suitable for integrating co-operative

education into electrical and electronic trades curriculum                           21

2.7     Problems associated with co-operative education in Nigeria             25

2.8     Related empirical studies                                                                  27

2.9     Summary of the literature review                                                      32

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     METHODOLOGY                                                                          34

3.1     Research design                                                                                34

3.2     Area of the study                                                                               35

3.3     Population of the study                                                                              35

3.4     Sample and sampling technique                                                        35

3.5     Instrument for data collection                                                           35

3.6     Validation of research instrument                                                     37

3.7     Reliability of the instrument                                                             37

3.8     Procedure for data collection                                                             38

3.9     Procedure for data analysis                                                               38

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     PRESENTATION AND DATA ANALYSIS                                 40

4.1     Research question one                                                                       40

4.2     Research question two                                                                      43

4.3     Hypothesis one                                                                                 45

4.4     Hypothesis two                                                                                 46

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                 48

5.1     Re-statement of the problem                                                             48

5.2     Summary of procedure used                                                             49

5.3     Major finding of the study                                                                54

5.4     Discussion of major findings                                                            55

5.5     Implication of the study                                                                              58

5.6     Conclusion                                                                                        58

5.7     Recommendation                                                                               59

5.8     Suggestion for further research                                                                   60

References                                                                                                   62

Appendices                                                                                                          66              


LIST OF TABLES

Table                                                                                                       Page

1.     Mean ratings of teachers’ and students’ responses on benefits of 

integrating co-operative education into electrical/electronic trade curriculum in technical colleges in Kaduna state.                                     40

2.     Mean rating of teachers’ and students’ responses on teaching-learning strategies for integrating co-operative education into electrical/electronic trade in colleges in Kaduna state.                                                 43

3.     Summary of Z-test analysis of teachers’ and students’ responses on the benefits of integrating co-operative education into electrical and electronics trade curriculum in technical colleges in Kaduna state          45

4.     Summary of t-test analysis of teachers’ and students’ responses

On the teaching-learning strategies suitable for integrating

co-operative education into electrical/electronic curriculum of technical colleges.                                                                                                 46

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix                                                                                          page

A- Request for validation instrument                                                         67

B- Research questionnaires                                                               68

ABSTRACT

This study survey factors affecting electrical/electronic trade students’ achievement in national technical certificate examination in technical colleges in Katsina state. Survey design was adopted for the study while the area of study was Katsina State.  Four research questions were posed to guide the study while the population of the study was 1355 subjects (23 teachers and 1332 students). No sampling was adopted for the teachers because the teachers’ population was manageable, while Simple Random Sampling Techniques was used to draw 20% (266) of the total population of student. The instrument used to collect data for this study was a structured questionnaire containing 25 items. The instrument for data collection was validated by a lecturer while the reliability of the instrument was determined through the use of test-retest method which yielded 0.40. Mean was used to analyze the data for the study. Findings revealed among others that the factors affecting the achievement of Electrical/Electronic trade students are school-based factors; socio-cultural factors and students’ related factors. Consequently, strategies were suggested to counter the problems.



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the Study

Electrical Installation/Maintenance work (EIMW) and Radio, Television /Electronic work (RTEW) are few among other trades offered in Government Technical colleges in Nigeria. The products of these programmes (EIMW and RTEW) from Technical colleges are prepared to become craftsmen and technicians (Kailani, 2014). The skills they acquired qualify them for jobs in both public and private sectors of economy while the certificate obtained enabled them to further their education. Both sectors, according to Ndomi cited in Kailani and Haruna (2013) require well-trained and competent technicians who can operate and maintain the available technical equipment. Some of the products of technical colleges who are opportune to further their education to the university level or its equivalent might eventually become engineers, technologists or technical teachers in their various area of specialization. If they don’t achieve their desired goal of acquiring requisite skills as well excelling in the final National Technical Certificate (NTC) Examination, the negative implication of this could make technical college graduates unemployable as well as hindering them from furthering their education since entry qualification for further studies is based on obtaining at least five credits in relevant subjects including English and Mathematics.

Consequently, the need to survey factors affecting electrical/electronic trade students’ achievement in National Technical Certificate (NTC) examination in technical colleges cannot be overstressed since the major goal of vocational institutions is to prepare students for successful employment in the labor market as well as enabling them to improve themselves by furthering their education when the need arises.

One definite thing expected of the educational institution is to provide training to meet the demand for the human resource needs of the nation. The training of youth in the technical college aims at equipping them with useful skills and improving their knowledge in their desired areas o




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