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This study investigated some anthropometric and reproductive characteristics
associated with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and menopause among
Nigerian women. Subjects for this study were drawn from the three major ethnic
groups in Nigeria and were divided into two groups viz; a prospective study group (n
= 344) which constitute gravid women and a retrospective group (n = 324) which
consist of menopausal women. Data was collected through questionnaire via oral
interview and recall from these women while anthropometric variables were obtained
following standard protocol. The result showed that an early menarcheal age, higher
educational level, increased parity and age at menopause significantly (P<0.05)
association with NVP in one group but not in the other. Although not significant, a
higher proportion of women born in wet season, having a higher economic status, an
early child birth and carrying female foetuses reported having NVP. So also were
variations in the ethnic report of NVP among the study population. This study also
suggest a high prevalence (43.71%) of NVP among Nigerian women and an
increased incidence over the years with women of Igbo origin having the highest
incidence (53.91%) and Hausa’s the least incidence (34.80%). NVP was found to
impose some limitation and emotional challenge on these women with exposure to
certain smell and certain food being the most aggravating factor. Both pharmaceutical
and complimentary medicines were used for management of NVP and lying down
was a common manoeuvre as management among those who did not use drugs.
Factors found to significantly associated with the age at menopause are religion,
ethnicity, parity and age at marriage (P<0.0001). Other variables that also showed
significant association were season of birth, NVP, breastfeeding, contraception,
educational level and number of elder brothers (P<0.05). All other variables found no
association although age at menopause increased with age at first birth.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Anthropometric characteristics have been shown to be possible predictors of
reproductive success in human female species and this has been widely studied.
Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased parity,
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