Anthropometric Study and Stature Estimation in Lokaa, Ayiga, Agoi and Ekoi Ethnic Groups of Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

Anthropometric Study and Stature Estimation in Lokaa, Ayiga, Agoi and Ekoi Ethnic Groups of Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

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ABSTRACT

Stature prediction occupies relatively a central position in anthropometric research.

Estimation of stature of an individual from the mutilated or amputated limbs has

obvioussignificance in the personal identification, in the events of murders, accidents or

natural disasters. This study aimed at determining the anthropometric parameters and

estimationof stature for both males and females using anthropometric parametersin four

different ethnic groups (Lokaa, Ayiga, Agoi and Ekoi) of Yakurr Local Government

Area of Cross River State. Investigate sexual dimorphism in anthropometric parameters

inthe ethnic groups studied, determine the relationship between stature and demi span,

biaxillary, neck, hand, finger, thigh, leg and foot lengths, neck, chest, waist, hip, thigh

and calf circumferences and sitting height in the ethnic groups studied and to generate

formulae of stature estimation for both males and females using anthropometric

measurements of some length parameters for the study population, in order to establish a

reference data base for the relationship between anthropometric length variables

considered in this study and stature in the four ethnic groups, as height equations are

population specific. This study was carried out to determine the reliability of

anthropometric parameters in estimating stature in Yakurr L.G.A. of Cross River State

population. A cross sectional study was conducted and the subjects comprised 800 adult

indigenes (400 males and 400 females) of Cross River State between the ages of 18 and

32 years drawn from the four ethnic groups Lokaa, Ayiga, Agoi and Ekoi of Yakurr

L.G.A. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Health Research Ethics Committee on

Human Subjects of the Ahmadu Bello University Zaria and self-administered proforma

was used which were completed by the enumerators. Body anthropometrics were

measured using stadiometer and measuring tape from which BMI was calculated. The

study showed that the overall mean age of the subjects was 24.75 ± 4.05 years. The

average ages of the subjects from Agoi, Ayiga, Ekoi and Lokaa ethnic groups were 24


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