Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 54 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
There is a functional relationship that exists between the structure of the arch of the foot and the biomechanics of the lower limb. The arch of the foot provides an elastic, springy connection between the forefoot and hindfoot. This relationship ensures that most of the forces incurred during weight bearing can be dissipated before reaching the long bones of the leg and thigh.
The arch of the foot demonstrates two extremes of anatomical structural position—the high arch characterizes of the pes cavus and the flat arch the pes planus. Although three distinct arches function to support the foot, the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) has been found to be the arch of clinical significance in both these disorders. Problems and mal-alignments originating specifically with the MLA ultimately affect the functioning of the muscles and joints of the ankle, knee, hip, and low back, all of which depend on the base of support provided by the MLA.
The prevalence of pes planus declines with age, being higher in children with ligament laxity and early shoe wearing which impairs longitudinal arch development (Hernandez et al., 2007). The lower limb, and particularly the foot, is amongst the most distinctive characteristics of human anatomy (Hernandez et al., 2007). Footprint of hominoids already demonstrated the existence of plantar arch 3.7 million years ago (Hernandez et al., 2007). The orthopaedic examination served to recognize disorders that are known to change feet consistency. The identification of congenital problems, particularly involving the feet; postural abnormalities of the spine, pelvis, hips. Knees Achilles Tendon shortening, and restraint to subtalar joint movements are essential for ruling out the possibility of secondary pes planus. (Hernandez et al., 2007). The medial longitudinal arch of the foot is of great importance because it helps protect the foot from injuries (Xiong et al., 2010). An important highly variable structure characteristics of the human foot is its medial and longitudinal arch, which provides necessary shock absorption for the foot during activities. Traditionally, feet are classified as being high, normal or low arched. A high arched foot is supposed to be at increased risk of injuries to the bony structures on the lateral aspect of the foot(oversupinated), where as a low arched foot can be at greater risk for soft tissue damage on the medial part of the foot(over pronated) (Xiong et al., 2010).
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Having lived in Ovia NorthEast L.G.A. the researcher have observed some unhealthy attitudes and suffering of indigenes of the community; such as having pins, nails or bottle fragments stuck in their foot which leads to infection in the blood. While others carry open injuries in the aches of their foot, exposing the injuries to dirt, infections and causing social embarrassment to the patient or guardian.
The foot should be covered and well protected, because it reduces it’s chances of being prone to injuries and infections.
Hence, the researcher wants to determine the different types of foot arches, age variance of people and also to learn the prevention of the problems associated with the arches of the foot.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1 To find out what people know about the arches of the foot.
2 To determine the prevalence of pes planus among residents in Ovia North East.
3 To determine the prevalence of pes cavus among residents in Ovia North East.
4 To know the lower limb disorders that affect pes planus.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE O F THE STUDY
This research work if communicated and published will help
· Parents, guardians and teachers learn more about the arches of the foot and enforce it among their children.
· It will serve as bases for further learning and research.
· Minimize the incidence of foot injuries due to utilization of appropriate techniques on the preventive measures of the foot.
This study for the very first time will report plantar arch index and prevalence of pes planus among residents in Ovia NorthEast L.G.A, Okada.
The zeal behind this work was to thoroughly investigate plantar arch index among residents in Ovia NorthEast L.G.A. physical therapists need to understand the applied anatomy of the arch of the foot as it relates to the disorders of the lower limb. Muscular imbalances, compensatory pronation of the foot, are sometimes caused by pes planus or pes cavus. If a standardized research work can be made available with equipment’s for physical therapists, the knowledge gotten will help them balance the foot and restore normal function of the lower limb.
1 What do people know about the arches of the foot?
2 To find out if the residents have disorder of the lower limb.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is delimited to the residents of Ovia NorthEast L.G.A. This study is carried out in a bid to use the plantar arch index in studying the prevalence of pes planus among residents in Ovia NorthEast L.G.A. The spatial scope is Okada in Edo State.
The subjects of this study are the male and female residents of ages 16 to 35years of Okada. The residents comprise of all ethnicity, class, tribes and race none would be left out.
1.7 LIMITATION TO THE STUDY
The objective of this research wouldn’t be smoothly or accurately realized because of some hindrances, some of the limitations include ;
· The difficulty in moving instruments of research from one point to another.
· People refusing to footprint materials because of ink stain on their foot.
· People being scared of filling the questionnaire because they think giving off information might be detrimental.
· Indifference in people’s participation to research work.
1.8 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
OVIA NORTH: Area of the study
RESIDENTS: In sub-Saharan Africa, the term “Residents” is associated with people of different races that live in a community.
ARCHES OF THE FOOT: They are formed by tarsals and metatarsal bones, it allows the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least weight.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
Share a Comment
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR ANATOMY FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. DISTRIBUTION OF ABO AND RH (D) BLOOD GROUPS AND ASSOCIATED TRAITS: A STUDY OF THE COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, OBANGEDE, KOGI STATE» ABSTRACT In the last five decades, genetic structure of populations are being studied in via ABO blood groups system, mtDNA and Y chromosome makers to...Continue Reading »
164 pages | 558 hits | Source: ANATOMY
2. PROSPECTIVE AND RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAVID AND MENOPAUSAL NIGERIAN WOMEN.» ABSTRACT This study investigated some anthropometric and reproductive characteristics associated with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and menop...Continue Reading »
115 pages | 58 hits | Source: ANATOMY
3. EVALUATION OF SECOND AND FOURTH DIGIT RATIO, ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS AND AGGRESSION AMONG STARTISANS AND NON-ARTISANS IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERI...» ABSTRACT A growing body of literature, has associated exposure to prenatal testosterone, to the length second to fourth digit ratios (2D:4D) and this ...Continue Reading »
137 pages | 72 hits | Source: ANATOMY
» ABSTRACT In the last five decades, genetic structure of populations are being studied in via ABO blood groups system, mtDNA and Y chromosome makers to...Continue Reading »
76 pages | 62 hits | Source: ANATOMY
5. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF FRESH STEM JUICE AND AQUEOUS STEM JUICE EXTRACT OF COSTUS AFER (BUSH CANE) ON THE HISTOMORPHOLOGY OF THE STOMAC...» ABSTRACT This study was designed to compare the effect of fresh stem juice and aqueous stem juice extract of Costus afer on the stomach of paracetamol...Continue Reading »
52 pages | 425 hits | Source: ANATOMY
6. Anthropometric Study and Stature Estimation in Lokaa, Ayiga, Agoi and Ekoi Ethnic Groups of Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria» ABSTRACT Stature prediction occupies relatively a central position in anthropometric research. Estimation of stature of an individual from the mutilat...Continue Reading »
52 pages | 84 hits | Source: ANATOMY
7. EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF Sesamum indicum ON KETOCONAZOLE INDUCED TESTICULAR DAMAGE IN MALE WISTAR RATS» 1.0 INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND INFORMATION Toxins such as drugs, chemicals, endocrine disruptors, biogenetically engineered western diets and life style ...Continue Reading »
56 pages | 58 hits | Source: ANATOMY
8. THE EFFECT OF QUININE AND TRIPLE ANTIRETROVIRAL REGIMEN ON THE HISTOLOGY OF THE FETAL CEREBELLUM OF ALBINO WISTAR RATS» ABSTRACT This research work evaluated “the Histomorphological Effects of Quinine and Triple Antiretroviral Regimen on fetal cerebellum of Albino Wis...Continue Reading »
52 pages | 480 hits | Source: ANATOMY
9. ANTHROPOMETRIC COMPARISM OF CEPHALIC INDICES BETWEEN YORUBA AND BENIN ETHNIC GROUPS RESIDING IN OKADA TOWN, EDO STATE.» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Anthropometry (from Greek anthropos, "man" andmetron, "measure") refers to the measurement of the hum...Continue Reading »
52 pages | 189 hits | Source: ANATOMY
10. HISTOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE TESTES AND HORMONAL PROFILE OF ADULT MALE ALBINO WISTAR RATS FOLLOWING ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF MYRISTICA FRAGRANS (NUTM...» ABSTRACT The study was carried out to assess the effect of oral administration of Myristica fragrans (Nutmeg) on the histology of the testis as well a...Continue Reading »
52 pages | 214 hits | Source: ANATOMY