Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 65 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
· BACKGROUND INFORMATION
As the world becomes concerned with conserving electric power and the fuels that generate electricity, there is a growing need for the conscientious homeowner to keep an eye on and minimize their power usage.
Vampire or standby power is loosely defined as the “electricalpowerconsumed by appliances while they are switched off (but are designed to draw some power) or in a standby mode. This only
occurs because some devices claimed to be “s different state from switching off at the pl off at the power point is effective enough to control the vampire power, there is no need to
disconnect all the devices from the power point .
Some devices utilize vampire power in a useful manner to provide persistence features such as maintaining clock settings between active sessions, convenience features such as powering the necessary hardware to respond to remote controls, and to eliminate long initialization times by keeping the hardware in a semi-powered state. Other devices have no beneficial use of vampire power, such as a powered but disconnected mobile device charger or an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) with no active system connected.
With advancement of technology, things are becoming simpler and easier for us. Automation is the use of control systems and information technologies to reduce the need for human work in the production of goods and services .
The case of the MICROCONTROLLER TIMER SOCKET OUTLET helps in conserving the vampire power. Electrical and electronic appliances are connected to the socket outlet and
programmed to be in power for a specific dur way in conserving energy as the device(s) is/are disconnected after the specified duration. It is very
useful in cases whereby the user has to keep in touch of what he or she had connected earlier and due to the multitasking nature of human beings, we tend to forget what had been connected to attend to other things in the household or wherever we find ourselves.
2.2. AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The aim of this project is to;
Design and construct an automatic socket outlet with an operational timer incorporated into it using a microcontroller.
The objectives of this project are as follows:
To conserve electrical power domestically.
To reduce and subsequently prevent electrical hazards in the home front.
To control the use of electrical power domestically.
Through conservation and control of electrical power, electricity bills are reduced.
1.3 PROJECT MOTIVATION
Since the advent of socket outlet manufacturing in developing countries like Nigeria, solution has been found for power conservation or regulation. There is yet to be an effective socket outlet for timing domestic socket outlets. The failure to have an operational timer for the socket outlets has
caused a lot of electrical hazards. This has claimed lives and properties of many people. The user often forgets to look after what he/she had connected and due to incessant power outages, he/she often forgets to switch off appliances earlier connected to power when leaving his/her home or due to carelessness of the user. Due to this negligence, the connected appliances continue to build up, when power is restored, even after completing their purpose of connection and when it gets beyond control, it damages the appliances. Repeated occurrences of these hazards have led to the loss of valuable things worth millions of naira.
However, with the help of a timer socket outlet, an effective solution is provided to these problems. An effective control timer for the socket outlet makes it safer and easier to use and also helps to reduce hazard rate. The use of a microcontroller comes to play in this motivation. Every microcontroller has a timer unit inside. A timer is nothing more than a time counting device fabricated inside the microcontroller unit. A wide range of practical applications require a timer in action. For example, we need to turn a motor ON for 5 minutes and then turn it OFF, how will we do that? A timer inside a microcontroller unit aids us in implementing this perfectly.
The circuit employs the use of various electrical and electronic components like resistors, capacitors, light emitting diode (LED), switches, piezoelectric buzzer, 13-amp socket outlet, jumper wires, 7-segment display, battery, relay, Vero board and most importantly, the Peripheral Interface Microcontroller 16F877 microcontroller (PIC 16F877).
The microcontroller is programmed using”softwarethe“MikroC.Itis prog to communicate with all the other components on the board.
The switches are used to input instructions into the microcontroller. The instructions are basically
the SET TIME, START, RESET and STOP.
· The SET TIME instructions are displayed on the 7-segment display.
· The START button signifies the beginning of the entire timing process.
· If a wrong time is set in, the RESET button helps to restore it to default.
· The STOP button helps to stop the timing process, this is necessary as there could be a change of mind after the process has started.
The battery serves as a temporary memory holder. If during the process, there is power outage and the set instruction has not been reached, it will help the circuit start from where it stops when power is restored. For example, a 12,000-litre reservoir fills to the brim in 30minutes, the set instruction will be 30minutes and if there is power outage after the 23rd minute, the battery helps to continue from where it stopped (23rd minute) to the 30th minute. However, a major limitation to this is in the use of a boiling ring, or for the purpose of boiling. If experimentally, pure water boils in exactly 10mins, and power outage occurs in the 7th minute for as long as 30minutes, when power is restored, the water cannot boil in 3minutes again. So this is where the STOP button comes to play.
The buzzer and the LED serve as audio and visual indicators respectively. They indicate the completion of the timing process. They indicate that the process was completed according to the set instruction. After completion, the circuit automatically shuts the relay off which stops the supply of power to the circuit thereby conserving power.
The 13-amp socket is used for appliances with fuses rated 13A and below, examples are phone chargers, television, etc.
The microcontroller, capacitors, transformer, relay, etc. serve different purposes which will be discussed in subsequent chapters.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» ABSTRACT`To improve the overall efficiency of the power system, the performance of transmission system must be improved. Some of the vital ways of ach...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY A robot is a mechanical or virtual intelligent agent that can perform tasks automatically or with...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT This project review the conformability of uninterrupted power supply through the use of inverter. An inverter is a system that converts a dir...Continue Reading »
4. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A MICROCONTROLLER BASED LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS LEAKAGE DETECTOR USING GSM MODULE» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) detection is very important because gas is not only an explosive but al...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The purpose of this project is to produce a narrative description of the design and construction of a microcontroller based d...Continue Reading »
6. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF POWER OPERATED BANANA SLICER FOR SMALL SCALE FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRIES» ABSTRACT A power rotary banana slicer suitable for small scale processing was designed and developed based on engineering properties of banana varieti...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT The aim of this project works is to Design and Construct a Microcontroller Based Liquefied Petroleum Gas leakage Detector system using GSM Mo...Continue Reading »
8. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WIRELESS MENU SELECTION SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC-QUEUE BASED SERVICE DELIVERY» ABSTRACT In most organizations, queues for services have become a generic problem. This thesis presents a prototyped wireless menu selection system fo...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACTThe design of this 30 volt Audio Amplifier with volume, table and bass control which was done wit ht he combination of five (5) different circ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION In Nigeria and some other parts of the world today, the electricity power supply to consumers (at homes and industries) are n...Continue Reading »