INFLUENCE OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ACID-BASE TITRATIONS IN IKOT EKPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM.

INFLUENCE OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ACID-BASE TITRATIONS IN IKOT EKPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title                                                                                                                             Page

Cover              -                       -                       -                       -                       -          

Declaration      -                       -                       -                       -                       -          

Certification    -                       -                       -                       -                       -

Dedication      -                       -                       -                       -                       -

Acknowledgement                  -                       -                       -                       -                      

Table of Contents                   -                       -                       -                       -                      

List of Tables  -                       -                       -                       -                       -          

List of Figures -                       -                       -                       -                       -

List of Appendices                 -                       -                       -                       -                      

Abstract                                  -                       -                       -                       -                      

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the Study                       -                       -                       -                      

1.2   Statement of the Problem                       -                       -                       -          

1.3   Purpose of the Study                              -                       -                       -                      

1.4   Research Question                                  -                       -                       -                      

1.5   Research Hypothesis                               -                       -                       -          

1.6   Significance of  the Study                      -                       -                       -          

1.7   Delimitation of the Study                       -                       -                       -

1.8   Limitations of the Study                         -                       -                       -          

1.9   Definition of Terms                                -                       -                       -          

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Theoretical Framework                           -                       -                       -

2.2 Conceptual framework                             -                       -                       -          

2.3 Empirical study reviews                            -                       -                       -          

2.4 Summary of  Literature Review.              -                       -                       -          

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

3.1 Research Design               -                       -                       -                       -                      

3.2 Area of Study                   -                       -                       -                       -                      

 3.3 Population of the Study   -                       -                       -                       -                      

3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique              -                       -                       -          

3.5  Instrumentation                -                       -                       -                       -                      

3.8  Validation of the Instruments                  -                       -                       -

3.7 Reliability of the instrument                     -                       -                       -          

3.8  Scoring                             -                       -                       -                       -                      

3.9   Research Procedure        -                       -                       -                       -                      

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                      -                       -                       -                      

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Results                              -                       -                       -                       -                      

4.2 Discussion of Results        -                       -                       -                       -                      

4.3 Summary of findings        -                       -                       -                       -                      

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary                           -                       -                       -                       -          

5.2 Conclusion                        -                       -                       -                       -                      

5.3 Implications of the Findings                     -                       -                       -          

5.4 Recommendations                        -                       -                       -                       -                      

5.5 Suggestions for Further Study                  -                       -                       -                      

References                      

Appendices                     


ABSTRACT

The study examined the influence of teacher’s qualification on students’ academic achievement in acid-base titrations in Ikot Ekpene local government area, Akwa Ibom. A quasi experimental post-test only control group research design was adopted. Two (2) research questions and two (2) hypotheses were formulated for the study. The population size of the study comprised of 1,864 Senior Secondary School two (SSS2) students in 8 co-educational public secondary schools, while the sample size of the study comprised of 200 Senior Secondary School two (SSS2) students from 2 co-educational public secondary schools all in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT) which was validated with reliability co-efficient of 0.79 was used as instrument for data collection together with Teachers' Variable Questionnaire (TVQ). Data collected were subjected to independent t-test analysis. Within the confines and limitations of this study, the findings obtained revealed that there is a significant difference between the academic performance of chemistry students taught by qualified and those taught by unqualified teachers in favour of chemistry students taught by qualified teacher. The findings obtained also revealed that there is no significant difference between the academic performance of chemistry students taught by experienced and inexperienced teachers. Based on these findings, it was recommended that state and federal policy makers should make policies on the recruitment of only qualified teachers with bachelor, masters and doctorial degree in science education to teach science in senior secondary school. They should also put in place mechanism to checkmate compliance by all educational stakeholders involved in the recruitment of teachers.


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1        Background of the Study

Education at the secondary school level should supposedly be the bedrock and a sure foundation for higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, cultural and scientific development in a country. The Federal Ministry of Education (2012) through the National Policy on Education stipulated that Secondary education is an instrument for national development of an individual for further education, general development of the society and equality of educational opportunities to all Nigerian children, irrespective of any real or marginal disabilities. The role of secondary education is to lay the foundation for higher education and if a good foundation is laid at this level, there are likely to be fewer problems at subsequent levels.

The importance of Acid-base titration cannot be over-emphasized in chemistry as a subject. Acid-base titration is a concept in inorganic chemistry. Chemistry is the scientific study of interaction of chemical substances that constitute atoms or the subatomic particles; protons, electrons and neutrons. It is an integral part of the science curriculum both at the senior secondary school as well as higher institutions. At the secondary level, it is often called “general chemistry” which is an introduction to a wide variety of fundamental concepts that enables students to acquire tools and basic skills useful at the advanced level. One of the objectives of science education is to develop students’ interest towards science and technology. The development of any nation today depends greatly on its technological and scientific advancement. Teachers are expected to device ways of motivating their students to develop positive attitudes towards science and science related disciplines (Sola and Ojo, 2012).

However, a number of reasons can be identified as being accountable for the poor performance of students’ in chemistry which include:

·         Students attitudes

·         Socio-economic factors

·         Laboratory facilities

·         Teacher-student ratio

·         The science curricula

·         Teachers’ method of teaching

·         Parents

·          Government

·         Qualification of teachers

Of all these, one of the most important factor in improving students’ academic achievement is the teacher factor. Teachers have been recognized as an indispensable human resource, and indeed, the single most important element in the school system, more important than the quality of equipment and materials and the level of financing. The teacher is the major man-power saddled with the responsibility of impacting the concepts during the secondary school period. Teachers have been recognized to have a phenomenal influence on students’ academic achievement and play a crucial role owing to the fact that they are responsible for the translating of policy into action and principles based on practice during interaction with the students. When an interactive activity between teacher and students fails to produce a change in behaviour or learning outcome of the learner, then there is a problem. That is why an effective teacher has been conceptualized as one who produces desired results in the course of his duty as a Teacher.



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