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The study concerned with the effect of Social Media on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students”. This study used quantitative approach and probability sampling. In the data collection methods questionnaire was used. This study was conducted in Osun state Nigeria and the two schools which were studied are Ilobu Commercial Grammar School and Ima High School. 20 students from each school to make a total of 60 students, this was done so as to minimize the possibility of sampling errors. The study analyzed data by using Microsoft Excel and present data by using bar chart, pie chart and tables. 

This study observes that students do not spend too much time in social media networks compared to their academic schedules. The findings of the study shows that WhatsApp is the most frequently used soedcial media followed by Facebook, Twitter Instagram and other social media. The findings of this study shows that most reason which pushes students to use social media networks is talking to their friends on different issues rather than studying. This shows that most students like to chat rather than studying.

It is recommended that social media users must ensure they understand why they are joining the social media site in the first place so that they would not be overcome by any negative impacts but rather they can use these sites for maximum benefit.



This chapter traces the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations, delimitations and the rationale of the study. 

1.1 Background of the study.

Kombo and Tromp (2006) define background of the study as a position or setting of the study. It explains briefly over view of the problem of the researcher aspires or want to tackle.

 Labaree (2013) says that background of the study means identification and description of the history and well def and nature of a well-defined research problem with reference to the existing literature. 

He added that background information in your introduction should indicate the root of the problem being studied, its scope and the extent to which previous studies have successfully investigated the problem, where the gaps exist that your study attempts to address. Introductory background information differs from a literature review because it places the research problem in proper context rather than thoroughly examining pertinent literature. 

In recent years, the use of social networking sites has grown tremendously especially among the teens and high school students. However, very little is known about the scale of use, the purpose, how students use these sites and, more specifically, whether these sites help or harm their academic progress, (Miah, Omar and Golding, 2012)

This study looks how social media networks affect the academic performance of students.

1.2 Statement of the problem. 

Statement of the problem is any question that you want to answer and any assumption or assertion that you want to challenge or investigate, he added that you need to consider interest, measurement of concepts, relevance, magnitude, availability of data and ethical issues when you select a research problem, Kumar (2005).

Therefore, this study aims to assess the impact of social media networks to secondary school student especially it will focus on how it affect their academic performance. 

1.3 Research objectives

Kumar (2005) asserts that research objectives refer to what researcher studies for. The research objectives are categorized into two categories that are the main or general objective and sub objectives or specific objectives. Kumar says main objectives are what the research has thrust to conduct research while sub objectives identify the specific issues researcher proposes to examine. The objective should be clear stated the main aim of the researcher to conduct research as well as specific issue.

1.3.1 General objective

To examine the impacts of social media networks to secondary school students in their academic performance.

1.3.2 Specific objectives

¾    To find out the time spent by students in social media networks ¾         To find out what are the most social media that are frequently used.

¾    To investigate the reason for students log in into social media networks. 

1.4 Research Questions 

Research questions are the specific questions which guide the details of the research efforts including the development of concepts, operational definitions and measurement of device.

Research questions are formulated from objectives of research, Krishnaswami. (2003). In this study the questions are;

I.                            How long do students spend time in social media networks?

II.                         What are the most frequently used social media networks?

III.                      What are the reasons which influence students to use social media networks?

1.5 Significance of the study

According to Krishnaswami, (2003) says significance of the study is the application of the findings of the study for policy formulation, theory or practice. So it tells why the research is important and what contribution will it give to the field. It states how your findings can make the difference and why it is important that the research be carried out.

The findings of this study will enable secondary school students to know how best to use social media networks as tool for integrating themselves in the globalized world without affecting their academic performance. Also the findings will be useful for teachers on knowing their students on using extra-curricular issues on social media networks and taking appropriate actions toward facilitating the establishment of comprehensive and sustainable system of educating youth on how to use social media networks.

1.6 Scope of the study

Scope of the study refers to the parameters under which the study will be operating. The problem you seek to resolve will fit within certain parameters, Simon and Goes, (2013).

This study is conducted in Ilobu Commercial Grammar School and Ima High School, Ilobu, Osun state, Nigeria. The research scope is social media networks because Nigeria is facing the rapid growth of social media networks. The study involves students from these three secondary schools located at Ilala district where youth are the most users of social media.

1.7 Limitation of the study  

Limitations are the potential weakness of the study. That means anything frontiers the researcher on conducting research successfully. These limitations can be financial problem, limited time, and shortage of research documents, Creswell. (2003).

This study is prepared for the aim of fulfillment of academic award therefore is limited in Osun state specifically in Ilala district. This is being influenced by time for researcher who uses to collect data while studies will be proceeding at her college.

Furthermore, the study limit itself in two secondary schools that is Ilobu Commercial Grammar School and Ima High School due to the fact that students who are studying there can be representatives of all secondary school students in Osun state who are the majority users of social media networks compared to adults.

1.8 Delimitation of the study

Simon and Goes (2013) argued delimitations are those characteristics that limit the scope and define the boundaries of your study. Delimitations are inside the control of the researcher.

Firstly, the study is delimited in the choice of the problem itself, this is because there are a lot of problems around but the researcher decide to look on the impacts of social media networks to secondary school students.

1.9 Rationale of the study

Rationale of the study is defined as the justification of doing a study, Brown (1994). The rationale of this study is to help education administrators, teachers and parents to discover how and whether social networking sites helping their students in their learning process. The study also provides recommendations to make the use of social networking sites effective and beneficial for the students.  

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