Chemistry Final Year Project Research Topics

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LIST OF CHEMISTRY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS
S/N Project Topic
1

SIMULATION OF GAS DEHYDRATION ON AN FPSO USING ASPEN HYSYS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Natural gas processing is a complex industrial process designed to clean raw natural gas by separating impurities and various non methane hydrocarbons and fluids to process what is known as pipeline quality dry natural gas (^ Fact sheet: Natural gas processing). Natural gas processing begins at the well head. The composition of the raw natural gas e... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  54 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

2

PRESERVATION OF PALM WINE USING ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Palm wine is an important alcoholic beverages resulting from the spontaneous fermentation of the sap of which has been attributed to years and bacteria (Okafor, 1978). Palm wine is consumed in parts of Africa, Asia and South America. In Nigeria, the two principal sources of sap for palm wine. Fermentation is the oil palm (Ecaeis guineesis) and t... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  80 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

3

EXTRACTION AND STUDY OF EFFECT OF HEAT ON CAFFEINE EXTRACTED FROM KOLA NUT

ABSTRACT Caffeine is an odorless, slightly bitter organic compound found mostly in beverages such as coffee or tea and in chocolate. It is the most widely used “mind altering drug” in the world, though it is considered safe and is mostly unregulated. Caffeine acts as a mild stimulant on the nervous system, aiding in alertness. Caffeine is also included in many weight loss supplements d... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  52 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

4

AT THE PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM SWITCH GRASS (PANICUM VIRGATUM).

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Increasing demand for the production of energy from renewable sources has fueled a search for alternatives to supplement those currently in production. One such alternative is switchgrass, a perennial grass native to North America that appears to have considerable potential as a biomass feedstock for energy production (Duffield and Collins, 2006). The ... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  59 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

5

EVALUATION OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF MENTHA SPICATA AND CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS LEAVES

ABSTRACT Evaluation of chemical composition of C. citratus and M. spicata, gave the following proximate composition on dry weight basis: moisture; (1.67±0.29%) and (2.67±0.29%), ash; (7.52±0.30%) and (24.4±0.35%), crude lipid; (6.67±0.28%) and (6.17±0.27%), crude fibre; (24.67±0.29%) and (2.67±0.29%), crude protein;(17.44±0.12%) and (2... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  79 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

6

REMOVAL OF HEAVY METAL IONS FROM WASTE WATER USING A GROUNDNUT SHELL AND TEA BAG AS A NATURAL ADSORBENT

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Reduplication is a morphological process in which the root of a word or a part of it is repeated. In many languages, reduplication is used in inflections to convey grammatical functions and in lexical derivations to create semantic functions . Kachru (1982) noted that the reduplication of items belongs to various word classes. For instance, some English words are often... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  22 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

7

DETERMINATION OF SOME PROPERTIES OF BLENDS OF POLYSTYRENE AND MODIFIED EPOXIDIZED SOYBEAN OIL RESINS

ABSTRACT Soybean oil is among the most abundant, biodegradable, renewable and sustainable vegetable oil in Nigeria that is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which earned a good candidate for epoxidaton. However, the epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) alone lacks good thermo mechanical properties. Therefore, ESO is synthesized, thermally pre cured and finally cured with polystyrene to obtain a blend o... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  134 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

8

OPTIMISATION OF BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM SOME PLANTS WASTE USING ACIDS PRETREATMENT

ABSTRACT The potentials of Saw dust, Rice husk and Groundnut shells were investigated for bioethanol production. The substrates were pretreated using 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% solution of dilute H2SO4 and HCl. The pretreated substrates were thermally treated at 1050C in order to detoxify them. The pretreated substrates obtained using different concentrations of acids were fermented using Saccharomyces cer... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  67 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

9

ASSESSMENT OF CHANGES IN PLASTICITY AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYSTYRENE FATTY ACID BASED NEEM OIL BLENDS

ABSTRACT The aim of this research is to develop a value added product from a renewable resource, investigate the effect of its loadings on the mechanical and thermal properties of PS, as well as, to investigate the interaction between PS and plasticiser (ENO). Neem oil has high contents of unsaturated fatty acids which can be converted to epoxy fatty acids. The vegetable oil based epoxy materials ... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  52 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

10

PRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY FOAM

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Polyurethane foam otherwise known as expanded polymer products are group of materials developed as gotten by there action between alcohol with two or more reactive hydroxyl group per molecule. This branch of polymer technology are finding increasing applications in many field of engineering including arts and sciences. Foam was discovered as a result of man’s strong ... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  76 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

11

COMBINED EFFECTS OF PLAY-SIMULATIONS AND TEACHING WITH ANALOGY ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY

ABSTRACT Excessive use of the lecture method in teaching science to secondary school students has been faulted by science educators: It leads to low and under achievements among other adverse effects. This study was therefore, carried out in response to the call on science teachers to evolve innovative, and if possible, integrated method techniques as alternatives to the over use of the lecture me... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  122 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

12

ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY AND STABILITY OF ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF CONOIDES MILLER AND LONGUM NIGRUM (CAPSICUM ANNUUM).

ABSTRACT Available synthetic colour additives used in food have been shown to exhibit genotoxic effects and pose several potential health hazards to human. Hence, the global increase in the demands for natural colour additives. This study therefore investigated the quality and stability of ethanolic extracts from Capsicum annuum for use as food colourants. Colour pigments and other constituents we... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  120 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

13

THE ROLE OF PLANTS IN THE TREATMENT OF DISEASES CAUSED BY MICRO-ORGANISMS BASED IN THE NATURAL PRODUCTS (PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUNG OF STUDY 1.1.1 Phyllantus This is a genus of the family Euphorbiaceae. It was first identified in Central and Southern India in 18th century. It is called carry me seed, stone breaker, wind breaker, gulf leaf flower or gala of wind, (Bharatiya 1992). There are over 300 genera with over 5,000 species in the Euphorbiaceae world wide. The Phyllantus is one of t... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  43 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

14

THE PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM SUGARCANE BAGASSE BY THERMAL METHOD.

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Activated carbon also called activated charcoal is a carbonaceous, highly porous adsorptive medium that has a complex structure which comprises primarily of carbon atoms. The activated carbons are channels created within a rigid, skeleton of disordered layers of carbon atoms, linked together by chemical bonds, stacked unevenly, creating a hi... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  42 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

15

PREPARATION OF LOCAL SOAP WITH WOODASH DERIVED FROM THE CALYX AND THE COROLLA OF PALM FLOWER (EJEASIS GUINEENSIS)

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND Soap is the earliest detergent know to man and apparently was first made by the Romans from animal fats and oil and wood ash which is an alkali that contains potassium carbonate, sodium, potassium hydroxide called potash leached from the wood ash (Robert, 1994). It is also an unsaturated ester since an ester can be split into an alcohol and a carboxylic ... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  52 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

16

CULTURAL CONDITIONS AFFECTING ANTIBIOTIC PRODUCTION BY STREPTOMYCES SPECIES

ABSTRACT A total of 106 actinomycetes isolated from the rhizosphere of plants in abbatoir and refuse dumps in Awka and Onitsha were investigated for the production of antimicrobial substances. Five of them were found to show antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as well as fungi on solid media. Three of the very active isolates designated MP 75, SP 76 and QP 100 w... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  175 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

17

THE EFFECT OF VARIABLE SUCTION AND CHEMICAL REACTION.

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Oscillatory flows has known to result in higher rates of heat and mass transfer, many studies have been done to understand its characteristics in different systems such as reciprocating engines, pulse combustors and chemical reactors. The applications of variable suction and chemical reaction play important role in the design of chemical process... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  31 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

18

INVESTIGATING THE DYEING OF A STANDARD BLEACHED COTTON FABRIC AT VARIABLE TEMPERATURES

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION A dye is a deeply coloured organic compound, usually soluble in water. Insoluble coloured compounds are called pigments. Dyeing is the process of adding colour to textile products e.g fibers, yarns, and fabrics in a reasonable permanent fashion. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution known as the dye bath, which contains the dye and other chemical materials. Aft... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  38 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

19

THE DEMONSTRATION METHODS ON TEACHING AND LEARNING CHEMISTRY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SOME SELECTED SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of study The demonstration methods on teaching and learning chemistry in senior secondary school in some selected schools in Enugu urban, Enugu state. The performances of chemistry students in senior school chemistry examinations is of great concern to many people in Enugu urban. Olaitan et al quoted in Aigbomian (1997) on this issue of chemistry students pe... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  64 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

20

A STUDY OF THE COMMON DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED BY STUDENTS IN CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL CLASS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAGON GARI L. G. A. OF KADUNA STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The technological advancement of any country depends on the scientific background of such country. Chemistry teaching practical to be précised has been faced with a lot of problems. More atempts have been made to find solutions to these problems. Accordingly, Nigeria students, studying chemistry are expected to be taught what chemistry is... Continue Reading »

Item Type & Format: Project Material - Ms Word |  59 pages |  Instant Download  |  Chapter 1-5  |  CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

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