Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
This study was designed to investigate co-infection of Schistosoma haematobium and
Escherichia coli in pupils attending some selected primary schools in Zaria, Nigeria. A total of
520 urine samples were collected from the pupils and were analyzed for ova of Schistosoma
haematobium and also the urines were also cultured for Escherichia coli. The ova of
Schsitosomiasis was determined using the standard centrifugation method. E,coli was isolated
using Cystiene Lactose Electrolyte Deficient (CLED) Agar and was subcultured on Eosin
Methylene Blue(EMB) Agar. IMVIC biochemical test were carried out on the isolates. Further
biochemical test was carried out to confirm the isolates were Escherichia coli. Antibiotic
susceptibility test was carried out on the E,coli isolate using disk diffusion method. The
prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium was 20.4%, Escherichia coli was 4.6% and the co-
infection was 4.6%. The prevalence rates of Schistosoma haematobium infection in LEA Z, LEA
J, LEA G, and LEA P were 14.6%, 26.9%, 18.5% and 21.5% respectively. The prevalence of E.
coli and co-infection in LEA Z, LEA J, LEA G and LEA P were 2.3%. 5.4%, 4.6% and 6.2%.
The highest prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium was found among the age group of 10-
14years There was a significant association (χ2=8.936, df=3, P=0.030*) between age and
Schistosoma haematobium infection. The prevalence of E.coli was found to be higher among the
age group of 15-19 years and the prevalence was higher in the female (4.7%) than male (4.6%).
There was no significant association between E. coli infection and age. The prevalence of
Schistosoma haematobium in male pupils (23.5%) was found to be higher than the female pupils
(15.0%). There was significant association between Schistosoma haematobium and Gender. The
prevalence of Escherichia coli in females pupils was higher when compared to the male pupils.
There was no significant association between E. coli and gender. Higher prevalence of
Schistosoma haematobium was found among pupils who use streams /lakes as source of drinking
water. There was significant association between S. haematobium and source of drinking
water.The antibacterial susceptibility profile of the isolates was determined using 10 different
antibiotics. All the isolates were susceptible to Gentamicin. Some of the isolates were resistant to
Ciprofloxacillin, Amoxycillin, Chloramphenicol, Tetracycline, Sulphamethoxazole
Trimethropin, Nalixidic acid, Ampicillin, Doxycycline and Nitrofurantoin.
1.1 Background of the Study
Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent one of the most common infections encountered in
medical practice today and occurring from the neonate to the geriatric age group (Kunin, 1994).
Despite the widespread availability of antibiotics, UTI remains the most common bacterial
infection in the human population (Tambekar et al., 2006). About one hundred and fifty million
individuals had been reported to be affected by UTIs annually worldwide (Gupta et al., 2001).
Urinary tract infections occur as a result of the microbial colonization of urine and the invasion
of any structure of the urinary tract by microbial organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and/or
parasites (Stamm, 1999; Stamm, 2008).
Urinary tract infections associated with Schistosoma haematobium affects the entire
genitourinary tract (Ifeanyi et al., 2009). Bacterial infections are often recurrent and important in
the prepatent period of urinary schistosomiasis which may be instrumental in precipitating renal
failure (Ifeanyi et al, 2009). In urinary schistosomiasis, secondary bacterial infections are
common and in men can involve the seminal vesicles, spermatic cord, and to a lesser extent, the
prostate. In women, infection can involve the cervix and fallopian tubes and can cause infertility
(Ifeanyi et al., 2009).
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the commonest microbial infectious disease in community
practice with a high rate of morbidity and financial cost. Urinary tract infections are described as
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR MICROBIOLOGY FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» ABSTRACT Stored locust bean samples were purchased from Uselu market and analysed for their fungal load and physicochemical properties such as moistur...Continue Reading »
2. SUSCEPTIBILITIES OF Salmonella typhi AND OTHER BACTERIAL PATHOGENS TO ANTIBIOTICS AND HOT AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Hibiscus sabdariffa» ABSTRACT The susceptibilities of Salmonella typhi and other pathogens to antibiotics and hot aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa were investigated ...Continue Reading »
3. THE MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY CONTROL OF SOYMILK BEVERAGE SOLD IN INSITITUE OF MANGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY CAMPUS 3 ENUGU.» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The three basic needs of man are food shelter and clothing but food has been proved to be the most important. Food has been d...Continue Reading »
4. BACTERIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF PACKAGED AND OTHER DRINKING WATER SOURCES IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Continuous increase in the sale and indiscriminate consumption of packaged drinking water and untreated water types such as borehole and well...Continue Reading »
5. PREVALENCE AND ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY OF GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA IN THE URINE OF CARITAS UNIVERSITY STUDENTS» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Gram negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain their crystal violet dye in the gram staining protocol. They are diffe...Continue Reading »
6. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF ONCHOCERCIASIS IN SELECTED COMMUNITIES AND ONGOING CONTROL IN ANIOCHA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE.» ABSTRACT A cross sectional study was carried out in four farming communities in Aniocha North Local Government Area of Delta State of Nigeria, Idumuog...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION: Nematodes are tiny, thread like worms measuring 0.0 15 inch to 0.187 inch in length. They are either free living parasit...Continue Reading »
8. EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF ANTHROPOENIC ACTIVITIES AND DOMESTIC WASTE ON SURFACE WATER QUALITY (A CASE STUDY OF RIVER NIGER IN KATCHA L.G.A, NIGER)...» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Water is essential for life. Man needs water for various other purposes apart from drinking a...Continue Reading »
» INTRODUCTION The seed of locust beans (Parkiabiglobosa) plant found growing in the Savannah Africa provides one of the popular seasonings in African d...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Ugba also called ukpaka is a popular food delicacy in Nigeria especially among Ibo ethnic group. It is rich in protein an...Continue Reading »