ATTITUDE OF ND2 FEMALE MASS COMMUNICATION STUDENTS TOWARDS A CAREER IN JOURNALISM

ATTITUDE OF ND2 FEMALE MASS COMMUNICATION STUDENTS TOWARDS A CAREER IN JOURNALISM

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page …………………………………………………………………………i

Declaration ………………………………………………………………………ii

Approval page ……………………………………………………………………iii

Dedication ………………………………………………………………………iv

Acknowledgement ………………………………………………………………v

Table of contents………………………………………………………………..vii

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………viii

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………..1

History of Mass Communication Department in Kaduna Polytechnic………..3

Main body ………………………………………………………………………5

METHODOLOGY ……………………………………………………………10

Introduction ………………………………………………………………………10

Design of study …………………………………………………………………10

Instrument used …………………………………………………………………10

Research Population ……………………………………………………………11

Sample Size ………………………………………………………………………11

Interview questions ……………………………………………………………..12

Presentation of Findings ………………………………………………………..13

Interpretation of Findings……………………………………………………….15

Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………17

Recommendation ……………………………………………………………….18

Reference …………………………………………………………………………20

ABSTRACT

This research work focused on the attitude of female Mass Communication students towards a career in Journalism. It is believed that a large number of female trained journalist are produced from different higher institutions in our country, but only few go into the field to practice their journalism profession. Research questions were constructed to guide the researcher in her study. Relevant related literatures were reviewed to show that similar research work has been carried out, quantitative data collection method was adopted and this made it possible for me to select the appropriate and sample size of 143 using the appropriate tool, like interview. A simple percentage and simple descriptive analysis to explain the interview questions and at the end of the study, the research was enable to find out that ND II Female Mass Communication students of Kaduna Polytechnic have negative attitude towards a career in journalism. Also that females roles as a mother and wives are some of the problems facing female journalist. This research also recommended that salaries of the female journalist should be increased so as to motivate and change their negative attitude of female Mass Communication students towards a career in Journalism. And lastly, our culture and society at large should stop discriminating against female journalist so that they can practice their profession perfectly.             

INTRODUCTION

It has been observed that female student journalist have negative attitudes towards taking up journalism as a career on graduation. This negative attitude is highly reflected in the number of woman working in mass media all over the country.

Offering courses leading to the award of various degrees and certificates, including national and high national diplomas, bachelor’s degrees and master degree. The increase of female journalist in the field is not reflected in the number practicing journalism.

In June, 1983 alone, about 22 female journalists graduated from Oko and Auchi Polytechnics while the institute of management and technology (IMT) Enugu turned out not less than 18 female journalist the same year, the Ozoro polytechnic also had about to female journalist the same year.

The picture in other Mass Communication School virtually the same, for instance in 1983, the University of Nigeria NSUKKA graduates studies Mass Communication produced 3 female journalists in the year 1983 too.

This data about expanding number of female journalist graduates stand in spark contract of what this researcher has observed in media institution as far of female participation in Mass Media work is concerned. In recent years media houses across the country have been facing an increasing shortage of trained young women in various communication activities.

The “daily star” News paper, for instance has only one female trained journalist while the editorial department alone has about 18 mates. One question then that could arise from this imbalance was, does this suggest a kind of discrimination against the employment of women, as Alice fins, who was also worried about this situation observed: according to him “If there were more women seeking for jobs in the Media Mass and also more men seeking for work in the field with the same ability and background the men got the job. He notes that it only when a woman is better qualified or worked harder would she be awarded the job, she further said the very often, the woman’s job was at a lower rate of pay than would receive and involved doing more professional tasks.

The Anambra television authority has a good number of trained male journalists, working in the different areas, but has only about four trained female journalist, the Nigerian television authority Enugu (NTA channel 8) has only about two (2) trained female journalist. The other media institutions not mentioned are not likely to be a sharp constrict from those mentioned.

HISTORY OF MASS COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT IN KADUNA POLYTECHNIC

Mass communication as a field has involved over the years from analogue means of communication to the digital means of communication and most recently to media convergence which is profiled by the idea of the global village. Modern mass communication now transcends the initial focus on print, Broadcast, advertising and public relations to incorporate E-journalism, Photo-journalism, social networking and others.

Kaduna Polytechnic is an institution with five different composes which include the college of engineering (C.O.E), college of science and technology (CST), college of administrative studies and social science (CASSS), colleges of  business and management studies and social science (C.B.MSS) and college of environmental studies (CES). Mass Communication belong to the college of Administrative studies in the year September 1986. It was combined with the department of languages up to 1991.

By June 2002, they had the full fridge Mass Communication department stand on it own up to date. The first H.O.D of the department was Mallam Hadi Hawal, by 2002 Samson Fegbemi took over in, September 2006 Mallam Salman Garugu became the H.O.D after him then prince Kamal Jomoh from 2010 to 2014 while Mallam Yusuf Buhari is still the H.O.D of the department.

The department moved from C.B.M.S where it was formally situated in the year 2009, it was said that mass communication department has a total number of twenty five (25) staff. It consists of the H.O.D, Chief lecturers, Principal, SL, L1, L2, L3, and the rest studio Technologist and some non academic staff.

Over the years, the department has graduated student from PGD, HND and ND programmes.

Department of mass communication CASSS has a standard Television Studio and Radio Studio, photo studies, editing centre, resource etc. KPT F.M which is hopefully willing to start soon.

MAIN BODY

In most Nigerian Communities, the woman’s place is in the backyard. In Nigerian traditional religion, Islam and even Christianity a woman is considered inferior to the man and not expected to talk in public. This was explained by the story of creation which says the woman was formed from the rib of a man to be a helper to him. Over the years, with civilization and influx of the western culture women are beginning to leave the domestic miscue into frontline or public occupations the plate them at equal positions with men. This phenomenon has however not succeeded to erase the mentality that women are inferior to men physically, intellectually, spiritually, emotionally etc. woman who today find them. Selves in professions like journalism that were mate dominated in the yester years are food with enormous challenges from the different faces of the society as they execute their functions. The purpose of this research is to examine the difficulties female journalists face in carrying out their function in Nigeria and also to purpose some possible solutions.

In Islam, Christianity and even the Nigerian traditional religion there are laws that do not permit the woman to talk in public. Although with the emergence of different schools of thought women have begun stepping out as public speakers some still regard it abominable for women to talk in public. The existence of a phrase like “Allah created the woman deficient” is enough reason for a Muslim not to find a report done by a female reporter credible.

The patricidal nature of the Nigerian society extends right into the newsroom. The male journalists are given the pride of place to the female not minding their competence most editors have the stereotypical idea that women have a limited intellectual capacity. In most Nigerian newsrooms female journalist usually do not receive equal opportunities to training and career advancement with their male counter parts they are hardly ever assigned to strong political, investigative stories, for example covering the president or parliament. They are most often assigned to the “less important” beats like gender violence, health beauty and cookery tips. The female journalist is regarded by her male employer, editors and comer parts as a woman not as a colleague. Most employers of female journalist in Nigeria do not treat them equally with their, male counter parts in terms of regular payment of salary, pay packages/qualification, maternity leaves, social insurance benefits and so on.

Female journalist are still accorded the weaker sex position and considered not intelligent enough to take major decisions and do news analysis. According to a report by reporters without borders “though many journalist who belong to the opposite sex have been involved in bringing up to date and precise news to fore front and in spite of the fact that numerous women take up journalism and press reporting as professions there are very few women who have been able to make it big here” Decisio




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