FISH SPECIES COMPOSITION, FOOD AND FEEDING HABITS AND LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP OF SOME TRAWLED FISH SPECIES OBTAINED FROM MIDDLEMEN IN IBAKA, OFF THE COAST OF THE CROSS RIVER ESTUARY, NIGERIA.

FISH SPECIES COMPOSITION, FOOD AND FEEDING HABITS AND LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP OF SOME TRAWLED FISH SPECIES OBTAINED FROM MIDDLEMEN IN IBAKA, OFF THE COAST OF THE CROSS RIVER ESTUARY, NIGERIA.

The Complete Project Research Material is averagely 74 pages long and is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters. Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References Level : BTech/BSc/BA/HND/ND

.
Get the complete project » Instant Download Active

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE                                                                                                            PAGE

Title Page        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           i

Dedication       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           ii

Acknowledgement      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iii

Certification    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iv

Table of content          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           v

List of tables   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           ix

List of figures  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xi

Abstract          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           1

1.1   Justification         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           6

1.2 Aims and objectives          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           6

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           7

2.1 Length- weight relationship          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           7

2.3 Size           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           8

2.4 Condition factor    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           9

2.5 Food and feeding habit     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           9

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Materials and method       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

3.1 Study area -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

3.2 Procurement of fish sample          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

3.3 Preservation          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           13

3.4 Fish sample identification and measurement        -           -           -           -           -           13

3.5 Abundance of fish species            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

3.5.1 Relative abundance                    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

3.5.2 Index of preponderance -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

3.5.3 Length-weight relationship and Abundance     -           -           -           -           -           15

3.5.4 Condition factor -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           16

3.6 Analysis of the gut            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           16

3.6.1 Numerical abundance method   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           17

3.6.2 Frequency of occurrence method          -           -           -           -           -           -           17

3.6.3 Relative frequency         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           17

3.6.4 Index of food dominance           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           18

3.6.5 Index of relative importance      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           18

3.6.6 Gastrostomatic index     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           19

3.6 7 Gut repletion index        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           19

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Result        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           20

4.1 Fish species composition -           -      -     -         -           -           -           -           20

4.2.3 Seasonal abundance       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           24

4.3 Condition factor    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           27

4.4 Length-weight relationship           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           28

4.4.1 B and r values    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           28

4.5 Dietary spectra      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           34

4.5.1 Size variation     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

4.5.2 Feeding activity -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

4.5.3 Fish diet composition     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Discussion -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           51

5.2 Conclusion            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           57

REFERENCE           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           60


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Monthly Abundance of Fish Species Sampled in Ibaka, of the coast of the

   Cross River estuary, southern, Nigeria.       -           -           -           -           -           23

Table 2: Species composition by weight and length and number, condition factor and

   Index of Preponderance fish species sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the

   Cross River estuary, Southern Nigeria. .     -           -           -           -           -           25

Table 3: Length-weight relationship indices of fish species sampled in Ibaka,

   Cross River estuary, Nigeria.   .       -           -           -           -           -           -           29

Table 4: Number of specimen examined, specimen with food, specimen without food

   and their percentages, of fish sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross

   River estuary, Nigeria.         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           35

Table 5: Percentage total stomach fullness of the fish species sampled in Ibaka, off the

   coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria. . -           -           -           -           41

Table 6: Monthly Categorization of Percentage Fullness of the Fish species Sampled in

  Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Ibaka Southern Nigeria-     -           36

Table 7: Gut repletion index, average gut fullness, mean gastrostomatic index (%),

   and the feeding activity fish species sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the

   Cross River estuary, Ibaka Southern Nigeria.          -           -           -           -           37

Table 8: Table showing index of food dominance for Chrisichthyes nigrodigitatus fish

               sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-         -           42

Table 9: Table showing index of food dominance for Pentanemus quinquarius fish

   sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-         -           43

Table 10: Table showing index of food dominance for Trichurus lepturus fish sampled

     in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-          -           -           44

Table 11: Table showing index of food dominance for Mugil cephalus fish sampled

     in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-          -           -           45

Table 12: Table showing index of food dominance for Ephippion guttifer fish sampled

     in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-          -           -           46

Table 13: Table showing index of food dominance for Sardinella rouxi fish sampled

     in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-          -           -           47

Table 14: Table showing index of food dominance for Polydactylus quandrifilis fish

     sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-       -           48

Table 15: Table showing index of food dominance for Pseudotolitus elongatus fish

     sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Ibaka Southern

Nigeria.       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           49

Table 16: Table showing index of food dominance for Pseudotolitus senegalensis fish

     sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.-       -           50


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Map of Cross River estuary, showing the study site.          -           -           - `        15

Figure 2: Numerical composition of fish species sampled in Ibaka, Cross River

estuary, Nigeria.    -           -           -                       -           -           -           -           21

Figure 3: Seasonal Abundance of Fish Species sampled in Ibaka, off the coast of the Cross

               River estuary, Southern Nigeria.     -           -           -           -           -           -           24

Figure 4: Length-weight Relationship of Pseudotolitus Senegalensis in Ibaka, off the

    coast of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.- -           -           -           -           30

Fig 5: Length-weight relationship of Ephippion guttifer in Ibaka, off the coast of

           the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.         -           -           -           -           -           -           30

Fig 6: Length-weight relationship of Pentanemus quinquarius in Ibaka, off the coast

          of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.      -           -           -           -           -           -           31

Fig 7: Length-weight relationship of Pseudotolitus elongates in Ibaka, off the coast of

the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.         -           -           -           -           -           -           31

Fig 8: Length-weight relationship of Chrisichthyes nigrodigitatus in Ibaka, off the coast

of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.     -           -           -           -           -           -           32

Fig 9: Length-weight relationship of Polydactylus quandrifilis in Ibaka, off the coast

of the Cross River estuary, Nigeria.    -           -           -           -           -           -           32

Fig 10: Length-weight relationship of Trichirus lepturus in Ibaka off the coast of




Talk to us right now: (+234)906-451-7926 (Call/WhatsApp)

Share a Comment

Talk to us right now: (+234)906-451-7926 (Call/WhatsApp)

You can find more project topics easily, just search

Quick Project Topic Search