EFFECT OF LANDUSE TYPES ON GEOCHEMISTRY OF SOIL IN THE NORTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA OF NIGERIA

EFFECT OF LANDUSE TYPES ON GEOCHEMISTRY OF SOIL IN THE NORTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA OF NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT

Evaluating the distribution (species and concentration) of chemical elements in the biosphere

(rock, soil, water, plants, and air) and the study of chemical processes and reactions that govern

the composition of and chemical flux between various states is essential in determining the fate

and transport characteristics of elements, as well serving as an important facet of understanding

the urban environment. Forty samples from surface soils (0 - 20cm) and profile pit were

collected to evaluate the anthropogenic (human activities) and pedological (parent material)

factor that influenced the natural abundance, distribution and behavior of Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn and

Ti under four different land use (Pasture field, fertilized cropland, vegetable garden treated with

municipal waste and forest land) in Zaria and Afaka, Northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Soil

pHwas slightly acidic. Sabo vegetable garden soil had the highest pH which is similar to Afaka

forest while fertilized IAR farm though similar to NAPRI pasture field had the least.

Exchangeable Ca was highest at Sabo vegetable garden which was not different from NAPRI

pasture and fertilized IAR farm while Afaka forest had the least Ca content. Trend for Mg

concentration is NAPRI pasture field > fertilized IAR farm > Sabo vegetable garden > Afaka

forest. CEC values were lowest for Afaka forest and highest for Sabo vegetable garden with

relatively higher values for fertilized IAR farm and NAPRI pasture field. Afaka forest had the


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