THE ROLE OF OFFICE ENVIRONMENT IN WORKERS PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN OWERRI IMO STATE)

THE ROLE OF OFFICE ENVIRONMENT IN WORKERS PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN OWERRI IMO STATE)

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was the office environment of workers in selected establishments with view to determining whether the environment is such as can contribute to workers productivity. Several research questions were postulated for the study as well as two hypotheses. It was found among other things that office space, lighting and ventilation were adequate while office furnishing and political environment of workers were found to be inadequate and unfavourable. It is recommended, among others, that the establishment which employ workers like secretaries should furnish their working offices with comfortable chairs, tables, rugs and carpets for maximum productivity. Also the authority’s f the establishments where workers carried out job should ensure that adequate ventilation are provided. It was equally recommended that employers of working staff should abolish labour laws that serve as impediment to the advancement of the office environment.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  INTRODUCTION

       Every worker in various offices requires a good office environment for maximum productivity.

       The offices, shops and Railway Premises ACT OF 1963 have a general provision of office environment. It enhances adequate floor space, and layout, adequate ventilation, adequate lighting, adequate furnishing, adequate security and safety etc.

       These factors are temperature, humidity, lighting, office hour, remuneration, interaction etc. Affect work performance in one way or the other, indeed an uncomfortable or unpleasant office environment can have a negative effect on work in the form of decrease in productivity, increase in truancy, greater labour turnover etc.

       A company or organization may recruit the best possible employees, train them very well in the skills required for the job, provide quality incentives and pay them well, but if the office environment is poor, the productivity will suffer.

       It is therefore necessary that in attempting to make the best us of valuable human resources in the industries, we must be concerned with the environment in which we perform our functions.

       Of recent, there has been a general observation that most workers in the organizations are not very productive.

Oguniyi (1990). But productivity appears to depend on many factors, prominent among which I office environment. It has been shown that poor office environment can lead to low morale and low productivity. Given that this is so, what is the quality of office environment under which some of our secretary’s work? There does appear to have been a systematic investigation directed towards evaluating the quality of the office environment under which our workers carried out their jobs.

       Therefore to generate empirical data on the office environment of the workers employed by the stated establishment;

       To survey the office environment of the workers in the selected educational institutions with the view to determining whether the office environment is such as can contribute to productivity. Specifically it will:

       Determine whether the workers have adequate office space, well furnished/decorated environment, office ventilation is adequate, well lit, noiseless, safe and also to determine the political environment which surrounds the work place of some workers in the office as prescribed by the offices, shops Railway Premises Act of 1963.





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