Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 73 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Menstruation is a discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that recurs in non-pregnant breeding-age primate females at approximately monthly intervals and that is considered to represent a readjustment of the uterus to the non-pregnant state following proliferative changes accompanying the preceding ovulation.
Menstruation is a normal process of the body and if proper knowledge is given regarding its onset, management and problems associated with it; then it can be handled like all other body functions. However, many girls in developing countries lack appropriate knowledge and sufficient information regarding menstruation and its management (Olayinka 2004). While some information might be available from school and friends, parents should address the practical concerns that puberty brings, for instance, new hygiene needs(e.g., menstrual periods, body odors), clothing and product needs (e.g., cloth vs. napkin brands). In order for girls to live healthy reproductive and dignified life, it is essential that they are able to manage menstrual bleeding effectively (Ahmed & Yesmin 2008). Management of menstruation deals with the special health care needs and requirements like choice of absorbent used, how often and when to change the absorbent used, washing of hands and undergarments, bathing, care of vulva and proper disposal of menstrual wastes. Therefore, menstruation as a regular process needs hygienic management. If poorly managed, menstrual period may be accompanied with discomfort, reproductive tract infections, foul odour and embarrassment among others (Dasgupta & Sarkar (2008).
Menstruation wastes are the wastes that are generated by a female in her reproductive years. These wastes are produced during menstruation commonly known as menses, periods, or monthly bleeding cycle (Campbell 2007). The menstrual cycle has three phases, that is, follicular phase (proliferative), ovulation phase, and luteal phase (secretory). Menstruation is regulated by hormones; in this process, endometrium, lining of uterus, gradually thickens and sheds off and causes bleeding that normally last for 3–5 days and occasionally up to 7 days. Menstruation sheds two-thirds of the endometrial lining. In addition to blood, menstrual fluid contains mucus and vaginal secretions (Nwankwo, 2009). The menstrual flow varies from female to female and may be more or less at the beginning of menses or may change throughout the cycle. The color of the menstrual fluid varies between red, bright red, and dark brown to black. Menstrual fluid may or may not have unpleasant odour especially when it comes in contact with air. Menstrual flow or duration also changes before menopause or during gynaecological cancers. Under conditions of hormonal imbalance, fibroids, polyps, and endometriosis menstrual flow increase and excessive loss of blood through menstruation can lead to anaemia.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Menstrual flow is a natural occurrence in the female body. However the management of the menstrual waste is has become a major problem among female undergraduate students in Sokoto State University. Most of the female students do not know how to effectively dispose the materials used during menstruation; some do not know the hygiene management procedure to adopt during menstruation. It is to this regard that the study desire to examine menstrual waste management practice among female undergraduate students in Sokoto State University.
1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
The main aim of the research work is to examine menstrual waste management practice among female undergraduate students in Sokoto state university. Other specific objectives of the study are:
1. to determine the method used in menstrual waste disposal among undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University
2. to identify the problems associated with the handling of menstrual wastes in the boarding schools
3. to determine the relationship between menstrual waste management and the wellbeing of undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University
4. to proffer solution to the above stated problems
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the objectives of the study. The research questions for the study are:
1. What are the methods used in menstrual waste disposal among undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University?
2. What are the problems associated with the handling of menstrual wastes in the boarding schools?
3. What is the relationship between menstrual waste management and the wellbeing of undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University?
1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: there is no significant relationship between menstrual waste management and the wellbeing of undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University
H1: there is significant relationship between menstrual waste management and the wellbeing of undergraduate female students in Sokoto State University
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The study on menstrual waste management practice will be of immense benefit to the female undergraduate female students In Sokoto State University by educating the students on the menstrual waste management and the various methods used in menstrual waste management. The study will serve as a repository of information to other researchers that desire to carry out research on the above topic. Finally the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge in this field of study and provide a basis for further research
1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY
The study on menstrual waste management practice will focus on the final 100 level and 200 level students of sokoto state university. The study will cover on menstrual waste management practice will be of immense benefit to the female undergraduate female students In Sokoto State University by educating the students on the menstrual waste management and the various methods used in menstrual waste management.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Menses: blood and other matter discharged from the uterus at menstruation.
Menstrual cycle: The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible.
Hygiene: conditions or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR EDUCATION FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» Abstract This study is on identification of difficult teaching topics in integrated science in junior secondary school. The total population for the s...Continue Reading »
2. PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY MARRIED FEMALE B.ED PART TIME STUDENTS IN USMANU DANFODIYO UNIVERSITY SOKOTO» Abstract This paper investigated the challenges or constraints of women in continuing higher education programme with particular focus on the b.ed par...Continue Reading »
3. THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF URUAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE)» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Drugs have been use by man since his creation. According to Vender (1997:790) human beings have long history of using che...Continue Reading »
4. HIGHER EDUCATION AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Education has been defined in diverse ways to suit the situation o r process under review. Education ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Discipline, according to Jemibewon (1976) is a highly desirable quality of human being or social ...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to analyze the role of Inventory Management in health institution the Abuja. The study looked at how the pharmac...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Children and adult respectively are found to be reactive in character and behaviour at times. Mostly,...Continue Reading »
8. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION IN EBONYI STATE PRIMARY AND JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Education is the only significant instrument of development. Education is also one of the vital t...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Teachers’ quality has been the focus of considerable debated worldwide since the middle of 20th...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY There are so many indicators in the literature that examination is one of the most controversial ...Continue Reading »