IDNTIFICATION OF DIFFICULT TEACHING TOPICS IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

IDNTIFICATION OF DIFFICULT TEACHING TOPICS IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

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Abstract

This study is on identification of difficult teaching topics in integrated science in junior secondary school. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Enugu urban area, Enugu state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals adm, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the study

Science and technology are concepts in national development which remain indelible in the mind of African and third world leaders according to Ochu and Ekezie (1974). In Nigeria science was introduced into secondary school system as far back as (1880). It was first taught as general science and later speared into physics, chemistry and biology. With the introduction of the core science subject, the general science came to be seen as the science subject which was suitable for the less able and it was recommended to the least science oriented and for those who do not intend to pursue science. Syllabus was therefore devised to contain basic elements of biology, chemistry and physics, which should be taught primarily to pupils in the low secondary school classes. (Anani 1977). Although attempts were made to raise the status of general science with the introduction of a double credit O/level, yet people still questioned the rationale of mere putting together subjects. There was in the early sixties a new wave of thought about science in school rather than open into professional restricting under the conditions of normal classroom culture. There is hesitancy on the part of both school teachers to try out innovations in classroom teaching. Activities are rarely included in the classroom deliberation and laboratory programme are seldom organized as an opportunity of exploration. Agarkara (1998), stated that teachers learn very little from experience in the classroom on that capacity of mastering science and new technology logics. Since Iloputaife and Eze (1994) has tried to propose the following tasks. Lip dating and improving the quality of science teaching integrating scientific education and human features, developing a comprehensive approach for science curricula. Focus has been put on teachers processes so as to promote the teachers understanding of scientific method and rationality but the reality of lack of resources in most countries has impeded them adjusting both the contents of their curriculum and textbooks in consequence, and the training of their integrated science teachers which often remains of very poor quality. The curriculum is interred disciplinary and it is supposed to provide the teachers to see the concept and the pedagogical principles which unify the separate subject matter thus harmonizing the knowledge derived from the integrated. The course is supposed to provide the teachers with a broad view of science which enlightens his interactions with his environment of this mental manipulative and social skills unesco -  unicef (1971). Essentially, integrated science is designed to develop interest in the teaching that his is encouraged to pursue further student in science discipline.

Secondary school was to lay a solid foundation in the learner’s early study of science for further studied. A significant proportion of Nigeria J.S.S integrated science. Teachers do not achieve as well as they should in integrated science examination, Iloputaife and Eze, (1994).

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Based on the background of the study, here, one or two problems are shown. First, some teachers have the problems of finding some topics difficult to teach in integrated science. This was also confirmed by research evidence in Nigeria; Desai (1994) indicates low   integrated science attainments of teachers. The condition was amplified by the alarming low number of qualified teachers in integrated science area irrespective of the crucial role of integrated science Neera (1996). Second, as a result, there are some problems in the implementation of the curriculum Olarewaju (1987), besides achievement has been shown to be very low and unimpressive Okebukola and Jegede, (1999). These might negate the philosophy behind the introduction of the integrated science core curriculum as J.S.S leave. Also Jegede (1999) and Akueailo (1998) undependably in their studied tend to show that the teaching of integrated science in Nigerian secondary school is inadequate.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study are;

1.   To ascertain the relationship between teacher’s qualification and academic performance of student on integrated science

2.   To ascertain the effect of area of specialization in identification of a topics as difficult

3.   To ascertain effects of qualification on finding a  teaching topics difficult

4.   To identified those topics in integrated science teachers find difficult to teach

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher; 

H0: there is no the relationship between teacher’s qualification and academic performance of student on integrated science

.H1: there is relationship between teacher’s qualification and academic performance of student on integrated science

H02: there is no effect of area of specialization in identification of topics as difficult

H2: there is effect of area of specialization in identification of topics as difficult

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The identification of these difficult teaching topics in integrated science will enlighten the teachers as well as government and expose them to the area they specialized on. Being aware of these, difficult topics school authority, the government and even the science teachers association of Nigeria will be of great help in planning in-service course for the teachers in those areas of science. This also brings to light the need of equipping higher institutions and universities preparing integrated science teachers with adequate training needed for planning and execution of integrated science in our secondary schools. The exposure of these difficulty topics will motivate the integrated science authors and publishers to give a details attention on these different area in their write up.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was restricted to identification of difficult teaching topics in junior secondary schools in Enugu urban area Enugu State . The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

 a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study   

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.

 1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

 TEACHING: Teaching is an instruction or delivering a particular skill or subject or something that someone tells you to do. For Teaching in this case may refer to showing or explaining to a student how to do something. Learn more in: Active Learning with Technology Tools in the Blended/Hybrid Classes.

IDENTIFICATION: the action or process of identifying someone or something or the fact of being identified.

INTEGRATED SCIENCE: Integrated Science is a revolutionary introductory science curriculum developed at Princeton, intended for students considering a career in science.

  1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study 


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