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Title page                                                                                         i

Declaration                                                                                                ii

Approval page                                                                                iii

Dedication                                                                                       iv

Acknowledgement                                                                          v

Table of contents                                                                                     vi

Abstract                                                                                           ix      


Background of the study                                                                1

Statement of problem                                                                     3

Purpose of the study                                                                      4

Research questions                                                                       5

Significance of the study                                                               5

Delimitation of the study                                                                6      


The concept of Technical Drawing                                                        7      

Students related factors affecting their performance in

Technical Drawing                                                                          9

Teacher     related     factors     affecting  students

performance in Technical Drawing.                                              11              

Environmental factors affecting students

performance in Technical Drawing.                                              16

Strategies to be adopted for improving student's

performance in Technical Drawing                                                        19    

Summary of related literature review                                            21.


Research Design                                                                                     24

Area of the study                                                                                      24

Population of the study                                                                            25

Sample and sampling techniques                                                25

Instrument for data collection                                                        25

Validation of the instrument                                                                    26

Reliability of the instrument                                                           26

Methods of data analysis                                                              27


Finding of the study                                                                        33

Discussion of the findings                                                             37


Restatement of the problem                                                                   44

Major findings of the study                                                            45

Conclusion                                                                                                47

Summary of procedure used                                                                  48

Recommendations                                                                         49

Limitations of the study                                                                            50

Suggestions for further study                                                                 51

References                                                                                               52


The study is tilted Factors Affecting Students Performance in Technical Drawing in the Northwest Zone of Nigeria. Three research questions were design and used to guide this study. The population of the study is 360 of which 130 respondents were sampled. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and the Area of Study is Northwest Zone of Nigeria. Mean statistics was employed to analyse the data. The summary of the findings for this study revealed that students  related factors  affects their performance in Technical Drawing, teachers related factors affects students performance in Technical Drawing and environmental related factors affects students performance in Technical Drawing. Based on the findings, recommendations were made which include that qualified and experienced teachers should be employed, teachers should be encouraged to visit industries to interact with design engineers and practicing architects to refresh and broaden their scope of thinking on some complicated designs among others.



Background of the Study

There is an increasing concern towards the academic performance of students in recent years. One reason for this has been the general cry-out about the fallen standard of education in Nigeria. Sanusi (1993) identified that, inadequate equipment and tools supplied by the Federal Government are part of the problems responsible for students’ poor performance. He further posits that poor installation and obsolete equipment could also affect performance in exams. Fagbemi (1999) attributed this phenomenon to many reasons among which could be poor policies formulated by the government, teachers inadequacies, and ineffectiveness, unwillingness of the student to linear and poor funding.

Technical Drawing is a subject offered in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination as contained in the National Policy on Education (2004).

Technical Drawing has been defined by many authors based on some key concepts. Awojobi (1976), defines Technical Drawing as a shorthand language which describes by means of drawing and as

precisely as possible, whatever has been manufactured or is intended for manufacture". Parkinson (1978) defined Technical Drawing as a graphic language. It is the means of communication used by draughtsmen, designers, engineers, e.t.c. to convey their ideas to the production personnel.

Tafida (1997) posits that Technical Drawing is the backbone of engineering courses. However from the above definitions, it is clear that the importance of Technical Drawing in engineering and technology cannot be over emphasized. This therefore advocates for an improved performance in Technical Drawing. Olaitan (1999), defined the term performance as an indication of the impact of group activities done on the achievement of intended learning outcome. The oxford advanced learners dictionary (2002), defines performance as "how well or badly for do something". However, in relation to the programme or curriculum, it is the observed impact of the programme on achieving its set objectives and goals.

Okereke (1999) posit that, the quality of an education is properly defined by the Performance of its students and graduates. This in practice is measured by input and output. Therefore, achieving intended learning outcomes can some times be blamed on both teachers and students; this can be substantiated by Tafida (1997), who opined that effective teaching and learning of Technical Drawing generally depends on the attitude exhibited by both teachers and the students taught.

Mean while, records available indicates student's poor performance on Technical Drawing as approved in Academic Board Meetings of Federal Colleges of Education (Technical) Bichi and Gusati In Federal Follege of Education (Technical) Bichi, records showed that there is 62.50% of poor performance in Technical Drawing and 37.50% of good performance rate on 2004/2005 academic session. In 2005/06 academic session, there is 60.75% of poor performance on Technical/Engineering Drawing and 39.25% of quality performance rate. Moreover, there is higher rate of poor performance in Technical Drawing in 2006/2007 academic session in Federal Follege of Education (Technical) Bichi where there is about 60 o of poor performance and 40% of good performance rate. In the same vein, records available in Federal Follege of Education (Technical) Gusau indicates poor performance on Technical Drawing, where it shows that there is 83.43% of poor performance rate and 16.67% of quality performance rate in 2005/2006 academic session, and 72% of poor performance rate and 28% of good performance rate in 2006/2007 academic session.

Statement of Problem

Students’ performance in Technical Drawing is poor, Njeribiako (1981), blamed it on ineffectiveness of the teacher, inadequate drawing equipment and facilities as the major factors affecting students performance in the subject. Fagbemi (1999) blamed poor performance on poor funding and lack of students interest. However, information has not been elicited on environmental factor on students performance and strategies to be adopted to improve students performance in Technical Drawing. These factors if left untouched will remain a problem in achieving quality performance in Technical Drawing. Therefore, the issue which arises for this study is "what are the factors affecting students performance in Technical Drawing in Federal Colleges of Education (Technical) in North-Western states of Nigeria?

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to ascertain factors affecting students' performance in Technical Drawing, specifically the study seeks to:-

1.             Identify   the    students    related    factors    that    affects    their performance the Technical Drawing.

2.             Find   out   teacher   related   factors affecting   students performance in Technical Drawing.

3.             Identify the environmental related factors affecting students performance in Technical Drawing.

Research Questions

This study was guided by the following research questions based on the problems and purpose of the study.

1.      What   are   the   students    related    factors    affecting    their performance in Technical Drawing?

2.      What   are   the   teacher   related   factors   affecting   students performance in Technical Drawing?

3.      What are the environmental related factors affecting students performance in Technical Drawing?

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will benefit the society as it exposes those -factors affecting students’ performance in Technical Drawing. These factors are students, teachers, environmental and infrastructure related factors affecting students’ performance.

The school will also benefit from the findings of this study as it reveals areas of strength and weaknesses as related to teachers, students and infrastructure, and the need to address those factors. Factors such  as  infrastructural  and teacher related factors and  need to address the problems positively.

The teachers of Technical Drawing will find the results of this study useful as it reveals their strength and weakness in the teaching learning situation which may help them to improve the teaching method.

The students of Technical Education will also benefit from the findings of this study, as it reveals their areas of weakness in learning Technical    Drawing.

Delimitation of the Study

This research was aimed at pointing out the main factors affecting the performance of students in Technical Drawing in Federal Colleges of Education (Technical) located in the North-western Nigeria, that is Federal Follege of Education (Technical), Bichi, of Kano State and Federal Follege of Education (Technical), Gusau of Zamfara State.

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