THE IMPACT OF THE USE OF AUDIO-VISUALS MATERIALS ON STUDENTSCOMPREHENSION IN MATHEMATICS IN SOME SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KADUNA.

THE IMPACT OF THE USE OF AUDIO-VISUALS MATERIALS ON STUDENTSCOMPREHENSION IN MATHEMATICS IN SOME SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KADUNA.

The Complete Project Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters. Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References Level : BTech/BSc/BA/HND/ND

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE                                                                                          

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

CERT         IFICATION PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE:         INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                            1

Statement of the Problem                                                                  5

Purpose of the study                                                                         6

Significance of the study                                                                             6

Research Questions                                                                           7

Scope of the Study                                                                                      8

          CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW

The level of learning and perception of mathematics by students in senior secondary schools.                                                                          9

Challenges teachers faced in teaching mathematic                                      10

National Educational Technology Centre                                         14

Relevance of Audio-visual Materials in Teaching                              20 Availability and Functionality of Audio-Visual in Schools            21

Attitude of Teachers toward the Media                                            24

Problems of Audio-visual Materials                                                 25

Summary of related literature                                                           26

CHAPTER THREE:    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design                                                                                28

Area of the Study                                                                              28

Population of the Study                                                                             29

Sampling and Sampling Techniques                                                 29

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                   29

Validation of the Instrument                                                             30

Reliability of the Instrument                                                             30

Method for Data Collection                                                              31

Method of Data Analysis                                                                  31

Decision Rule                                                                                    31

CHAPTER FOUR:       DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

Introduction                                                                                      32

Data presentation and Analysis                                                                 33

CHAPTER FIVE: Re-statement of the Problem, Summary, Major Findings, Discussion of Finding, Implications of the Study, Conclusion, Recommendations, Suggestions for Further Study and Limitations.

Introduction                                                                                      37

Re-statement of the procedure                                                                    37

Summary of Procedure                                                                     37

Major Findings                                                                                 38

Discussion of Findings                                                                      39

Implications of the study                                                                             40

Conclusion                                                                                        40

Recommendations of the study                                                                   41

Suggestions for further studies                                                                   41

Limitations                                                                                        42

References                                                                                         43

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.1 Shows types of learners and comprehension percentage           4

Table 2.1 Shows the Five Elements12

Table 3.1 Name of Selected Senior Secondary Schools according to LGA Location                                                                                           29                        

Table 3.2: types of audio-visual Materials are used for teaching Mathematics in senior secondary schools in Kaduna                                        34

Table 3.3 shows respond on the impact of audio visual materials in teaching mathematics in senior secondary school.                                          34

Table 3.4 Shows response on the problems teacher face in using Audio visual material for teaching mathematics                                                         35

Table 3.5 shows response on the available of audio visual materials in senior secondary school in Kaduna.                                                                   37

Abstract

This research work investigates the impact of audio-visual materials in teaching Mathematics in senior secondary schools in Kaduna. The study therefore is limited to some selected senior secondary schools in Kaduna. A random sample of 40 teachers was used for the survey. The research instrument used was questionnaire containing 40 items. The respondents strong agreed to the two research questions which bitterness the fact that there is need for concerted efforts by teachers to adopt new strategies in the teaching of mathematics and students low level of perception of mathematics is enhanced, the challenges encountered by teachers in teaching the subject of mathematics is tackled and new strategies for teaching mathematics is adopted, students level of performance in internal and external examinations will improve tremendously.



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Schools are dynamic places to work for both teachers and students, Erson (1992). Some students come with advantages and willingness to learn, and motivated home environments while others are not. To meet the diverse changing in learning there is need for educational systems and practices policies in the state that will improve the standard of education. According to Adeyanju, (1997) the ability to teach is the concern of the trained teachers, but a complex process. Teaching can occur as a result of importation of newly acquired skill, knowledge, perception, new information e.t.c. Caldwen (2004) observed that the most important thing in schools is to have a generation of well educated mathematics teachers who care deeply about students getting an excellent education in mathematics as a subject. Teachers and the quality of teaching mathematics are the critical link to improving students’ achievements in mathematics. He also view numerous improvement, component exist in schools and in states and local policies to ensure, teaching quality in teaching of mathematics. These include teacher preparation, registration, professional development and evaluation. Some researcher conducted in these areas revealed that successfully increasing student’s literacy achievements requires creating and sustaining organizational structures in schools, such as focus on assessing and improving the teaching and learning of mathematics.

Mathematics in the present day definition is shaped by the perspective from which scholars regard it, theoretical benefit it as embedded in questions of race, class and gender and long variable history. For the teachers, a number of factors may have affected their quality of teaching. Knut et al (1991) such as poor factor and delayed in payment of salaries, poor funding of education by the state government, poor school facilities in the state and learning materials, which limits the creative ability of mathematics teachers to help develop students into reflective young citizen and rigid time tabling schedule which does not favor independent to the continuous decline in teachers teaching mathematics in classes for the performance in examinations in Kaduna State large. This necessitated the study on strategies for improve teaching and learning mathematics in some selected senior secondary schools in Kaduna State suddenly appears to have fallen despite the state government efforts in recent times to revamp the sector of education.

There are still teaching challenges found to be confronting the attainment of the required minimal standard and set goals of the government. The teaching

And learning of mathematics in Kaduna State by senior secondary schools students is not different from what obtain in other subject areas and other parts of the country in general. It has been found to be at an abysmal level due to several factors and challenges militating against any set of strategies put in place to improve the teaching and learning of mathematics by both the teachers and students in some selected senior secondary schools in Kaduna. The introduction of Audio-Visual Materials in the teaching and learning process has made our educational system more attractive today. In whatever case learning comes to an individual through the use of sense organs. Which include sense of hearing, sight, test, feeling and smelling?

1.1.1    Types of Learners

There are three main types of learners: Auditory, visual and kinesthetic. Most people learn best through a combination of the three of learning styles, but everybody is different.

1.1.1.2 Auditory Learners: These types of learners would rather listen to things being explained than read about them. Reciting information out loud and having m




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