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1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Communication is indispensable in all sphere of human and business endeavours. It is the life wire and the key to success of all business organizations.Communication involves everybody, it is the pivot upon which the existence of human and business organizations revolves, and based on this, the issue of communication has developed into a major area of study and formidable social force.
Eyre (1983), stated that “communication is not just the giving information, it is the giving of understandable information, it is the giving of understanding the message”.Bernard (1938), saw communication as “the means by which people are linked together in an organization to achieve a common goal”. When there is a link between people towards achieving a common goal there is communication. In a business organization, if a manager is to relate to his subordinates, he must communicate effectively. If an organization wishers to stay in business and enjoy high patronage; there must be effective communication. Also, if management wants its decisions implemented, it must communication its policies and programmes effectively. The questions one faces are: -
(1) What is effective communication all about
(2) What are the possible means to avoid the problems of ineffective communication? And
(3) What are the strategies to adopt to achieve effective communication.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Inefficient communication constitutes a major problem to any organization. It goes a long way in preventing such organization from achieving the set objectives. Irrespective of the different perspective one may look at it, be it from the angle of the employee or the employer, it is always believed that inefficient communication is unfavourable towards the realization of the organizational goals.
Some of the problems associated with ineffective communication in a business organization using my case study as an example are,
(1)lack of proper channels of communication throughout which information is obtained. This explains why there still exists situations were minor problems which could be solved by simple dialogue between the workers and the management most times lead into major problems which cause some set back in the company.
(2)Secondly, the organization is not willing to carry its employees along, through sharing of information on management decisions. This gave way for workers to receive and give information from the grave vine rumours, and rumour being unhealthy development brings about negative opinion and also leads to unfavourable reaction to the organizational problems. The business organizations I am researching on, being a manufacturing and service company, often run out of stock of raw materials, this explains why productions is not carried out as scheduled, no other genuine reason could be given for this lack of raw materials but inefficient communication which breeds negative development in an organization. And as we all know disrupted production does not enhance regular payment of workers salaries and motivation and when workers are hungry, they go unhealthy about the organization who does not truly see communication as vital aspect of communication gap is bound to suffer.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
This research work is embarked upon for the following purposes:
(1)To find out the problems caused by ineffective communication in an organization.
(2)To find out ifthe strategies the organization adopted to enhance communication were fully utilized.
(3) To determine if Industrial conflict and low productivity in business organization were as a result of ineffective communication.
1.3 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Hi: Industrial conflict and low productivity in business organization were as a result of ineffective communication.
Ho: Industrial conflict and low productivity in business organization were not as a result of ineffective communication.
Hi: The strategies the organization adopted to enhance communication were not fully utilized.
Ho: The strategies the organization adopted to enhance communication were fully utilized.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work is aimed at using the most effective means of communication and its impact on all aspects of human and business activities. The result of this research work will also help business organizations know the strategies and how to implement it to enhance effective communication in organization, and also how to reduce the barriers to effective communication.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The research work was based on the problems of ineffective communication in business organization, a case study of Vetco Gray Nigeria Limited, Port-Harcourt.
The researcher also encountered some constraints, which limited the scope of the study. These constraints include but are not limited to the following.
a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
COMMUNICATION: Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place, person or group to another. Every communication involves (at least) one sender, a message and a recipient..
EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION: Effective communication is defined as verbal speech or other methods of relaying information that get a point across. An example of effective communication is when the person who you are talking to listens actively, absorbs your point and understands it.When the person fails to understand then the communication is ineffective.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
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