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1.1     Background of the study

Organisation is made up of people who work towards the attainment of the goals of such organization.

Without people, it is absolutely difficult for the organization to obtain their goals when these people are effectively managed, the end result is usually positive and productive attitude that will lead to the growth and prosperity of individual, the organization and the country as a whole. On the other hand when people are inefficiently managed, the result is usually negativism, frustration, low productive, losses, and general retardation.

Human resources are the most important factor of production in an organization as result of its dynamism, here is need for manpower training and development in business organization. Human resources is concerned about the resourceful nature of human, they are interested in what human being can do. In managing, directing, co-ordinating and controlling workers, the managers must always try to satisfy his worker in other to promote productivity.

As more workers, have found their basic needs satisfied in our society, the recognition of the dignity of the individual and the opportunity for satisfaction and self fulfillment on the job, have underlined the expanded role of the personnel function in business, with respect to recruitment, selection, training and development and general provision for the needs of human resource in organization.

Therefore, the conventional conception of management task in harnessing can be stated broadly into term of three (3) preposition there are:

·        Management is responsible for organizing the element of productive enterprise money materials, equipment people in the investment of economic end.

·        With respect of people, this is a process of directing their effort motivating them controlling their actions, modifying their behaviour to fit the needs of the organization.

·        Without this active intervention by management, people will be passive even resistant to the organization needs.

Training and development is an important phase in human resource management, employee may become obsolete or rustic if they do not date themselves with new work method, skills and knowledge about their work.

The entire organization may become rustic and obsolete if it lacks a systematic means of continually developing and renewing organizational capabilities.

Watt and his colleagues (1985:388) reported that “an engineer’s knowledge of his or her field is cut in half every 10 years because of advancement of the field he or she continues to work”. Training and development activities are planned programmes of both individual and organizational improvement.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Based on inability of managers to manage human resources in business organization effectively, and efficiently, this research work intends to find out the extent to which human resources manager embraces the training and development of manpower.

1.3     Research Question

For the purpose of this study, the following resource questions were asked to direct the research in collecting relevant data analyzing the data.

1.       Do the management bodies and company executives organize training activities?

2.       Are the employee’s and employers subjected to the right type of training process?

3.       Are the employer’s qualified seasoned and experienced manpower?

4.       Are there enough facilities at the various training centers which the employees are subjected to?

1.4     Research Hypothesis

Based on the contents of the introductory section and in order to analyse the various problem training and development the following hypotheses are generated.

1.       There is no significant relationship between the employees and employers in training and human resource development activities.

2.       Some facilities in training centers are obsolescence for training development.

3.       There is no significant or effective policy formulation among workers in business organization.

4.       Some employers are not qualified seasoned and experience manpower.

The findings would throw light into various training programmes of human resource and how these programmes if carefully carried out would enhances effective output, which in turn generates high productivity with the resultant profit. It will be beneficial to practicing training and development in human resource and other researcher in their business subject.

1.7     Scope of the Study

The paucity of literature in training and developing toward human resource management posed a serious challenge to the study. Consequently, this necessitated reliance and focus on selected private business organization in Abraka Delta State.

1.8     Limitation of the Study

The research work is directed towards all type of business organization. Private or public organization manufacturing or service organization.

However, the study is constrained both human resources such as skilled and unskilled workers and non human resources such as financial and non-financial resources and other related factors.

The study is also centred on training and development and the various training methods and how it is important in business organization.

1.9     Definition of Terms

Management: It is the positive co-ordination controlling of man and materials towards the accomplishment of organizational goals.

Organisation: A group of people who form a business together in order to achieve a particular aim.

Resources: Are those things which helps support and have positive impact on the achievement of the organization.

Manpower: The number of workers needed or available to do a particular job.

Business: A commercial organization such as a company, shop, store or a factory.

Recruitment: Is the discovering of potential applicant for actual or anticipating organization vacancies.

Obsolescence: The start of becoming old and no longer useful.

Motivation: To promote the effort of workers to work in an organization.

Employer: A person or company that pays people to work for it organization.

Employee: A person who is paid to work for an organization.

Human Resources: It is the process of bringing people and organization together so      that the goals of each are met.

Training:   Is planned organizational effort or activities concerned with helping an employee acquire specific and immediately useable skills, knowledge, concept and attitude in his present job.

Development: They are planned activities which focus on increasing and enlarging the capabilities of employee so that they can successfully handle, greater or more higher position in the organization.

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