APPRAISAL OF BUILDING MAINTENANCE PRACTICE AMONG LANDLORDS IN NIGER CENTRAL SENATORIAL ZONE OF NIGER STATE

APPRAISAL OF BUILDING MAINTENANCE PRACTICE AMONG LANDLORDS IN NIGER CENTRAL SENATORIAL ZONE OF NIGER STATE

The Complete Project Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters. Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                          i

Declaration                                                                                       ii

Approval page                                                                                  iii      

Dedication                                                                                         iv      

Acknowledgement                                                                                      v

Table of contents                                                                              vi

Abstract                                                                                           viii

CHAPTER ONE:         INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                            1       

Statement of the Problem                                                                           3

Purpose of the Study                                                                        4

Significance of the Study                                                                            4

Research Questions                                                                           5

Scope/Limitations of the Study                                                                  5

Definition of terms                                                                                     6       

CHAPTER TWO:        REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Conceptual framework of building maintenance                               7

Types of maintenance                                                                       9

Factors Affecting Building Maintenance                                           13

Maintenance responsibility                                                               17

CHAPTER THREE:    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design                                                                                23     

Area of the Study                                                                              23     

Population of the Study                                                                    24

Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                    24

Instrument for Data Collection                                                         25     

Validition of the Instrument                                                              25     

Reliability of the Instrument                                                             26     

Procedure for Data Collection                                                           26

Procedure for Data Analysis                                                             27

CHAPTER FOUR:       PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

CHAPTER FIVE:                  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND                                                                   RECOMMENDATION

Re-Statement of the Problem                                                            32

Summary of the procedure                                                               32

Findings of the Study                                                                        33

Discussion of the findings                                                                 34

Implications of the Findings                                                             36

Recommendations                                                                                      37

Suggestions for Further Researches                                                  38

Conclusion                                                                                        39

References                                                                                         40

Appendix                                                                                          42

Abstract

The study is appraisal of building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger central senatorial zone of Niger state. The specific purposes of the study were to find out the importance of building maintenance among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District, find out the responsibilities of landlords and the rights of tenants in building maintenance practice in Niger Central Senatorial District and determine the factors affecting building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District, e.t.c. Three research questions were designed and used to guide this study. The sample population of the study is 30. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and the area of the study is Niger central senatorial zone. The test retest method was used to establish the reliability of the instrument.Based on the findings, recommendations were made which include that; There is need for good preventive maintenance through regular inspections to avoid breakdowns and repairs, which costs more, There is need for public awareness on the danger of lack of maintenance and the advantages of good maintenance, Laws enforcing every occupant to carry out proper maintenance should be enacted and agencies to enforce the law should be established, In order to avoid the use of sub-standard materials as an alternative to the high cost of good quality materials, there should be a research into how the government can help with the local building materials industries in the country to survive.



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Over the years, there has been increasing abandonment of houses and infrastructural facilities in Niger central Senatorial District which has led to the dilapidation, degradation and deterioration of buildings and infrastructural structures. Recently there has been a lot of research investigations and analyse which points unshakably to the fact that certain factors such as client’s perception, cost of maintenance works, unskilled maintenance technicians, lack of Building Maintenance policy, Government legislations not being properly enacted, inability to prepare and follow maintenance schedules are direct causes of neglect which lead to dilapidations and deterioration of building structures, Draft National Building Maintenance Policy (2011).

There are also the remote causes of lack of maintenance such as force majeure, cultural problems, state of the economy, the receding global economic meltdown, lack of time and general illiteracy of the occupants of the building or structures and users of the facilities.

However, there has also been growth in the significance of building maintenance as a proportion of the output of the construction industry which takes place against a backdrop of mounting pressure on new building activity and a growing awareness of the need to manage the condition of the nation’s building and infrastructure more effectively, Draft National Building Maintenance Policy (2011).

Though, it is still the case that such maintenance activity takes place in a context that does not create a fully integrated approach to managing building performance and thus the full potential of many buildings and infrastructures are never wholly realized. Basically in virtually all the areas of Niger Central Senatorial District, buildings and infrastructural facilities are gradually and systematically decaying, dilapidating and deteriorating with reduced or no degree of maintenance programme and activity.

A lot of research have been done in regard to maintenance and management of low income housing especially controlled tenancy, but little emphasis has been laid to maintenance practice among landlords which is key to the overall management of the houses.

From a normal visual perception in the urban metropolis, it can be noted that majority of the constructed buildings both private and public, road network, water supply systems, sanitary and drainage systems, transmission poles and electricity lines, sign posts and route location posts are deteriorated and badly in need of maintenance. The lack of maintenance of these buildings and infrastructures negatively affects the populace which thus affects the output of the working class, capacity of the populace is thus lost, time value for achievement of goals and objectives minimized, it also causes all forms of ill-health and psychological effects thereby reducing the economic growth of the nation. Therefore, this study will appraise Building Maintenance Practice among Landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District.

Statement of the Problem

The primary aim of maintaining a building and its environment is to ensure that the building continues to serve its purpose for which it was intended, yield optimum return and ensuring safety, health and comfort in its usage. Management of housing and infrastructure in required continuous source of funding for provision of services such as garbage collection, lawn mowing, street lighting, cleaning and maintenance of ablution blocks, roads and drainage systems, sewer problems, security and care takers in the estates, without which the shared facilities become dilapidated, prompting for much more on cost of renovations. The rent collected is barely enough for the houses to be regularly maintained let alone the shared facilities.

Failure of the landlords to quickly restructure buildings raised the emerging challenges that require a study to be conducted. Therefore, this study, “Appraisal of Building Maintenance Practice among Landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District” so as to ensure better building maintenance and improve the life-span of the buildings by pointing out the various challenges of property management and to enlighten people on the need to have a policy or law that will govern the maintenance of buildings and infrastructures within Niger Central Senatorial District.

Purpose of the Study

The main objective of the study is to conduct a survey of Appraisal of Building Maintenance Practice among Landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District and come out with some basic information on this study below:

1.     Find out the importance of building maintenance among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District.

2.     Find out the responsibilities of landlords and the rights of tenants in building maintenance practices in Niger Central Senatorial District.

3.     Determine the factors affecting building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District, e.t.c.

Significance of the Study

The study, “Appraisal of Building Maintenance Practice among Landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District”. Will make contributions in the following areas:

1.     It will help Niger State Government to find a way of providing good policies for building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District.

2.      It will enhance the landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District to be acquainted with skills for building maintenance practice in Niger Central Senatorial District.

3.     It will also enable landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District to clearly understand in the areas of Appraisal of Building Maintenance Practices among themselves.

4.     It will also enable the tenants to clearly know their rights regarding to maintenance in Niger Central Senatorial District.

Research Questions

This study tends to answer the following research questions:

1.     What are the importance of building maintenance among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District?

2.     What are the responsibilities of landlords and the rights of tenants in building maintenance practice in Niger Central Senatorial District?

3.     What are the factors affecting building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District?

Scope/Limitations of the Study

          This study is intended to make an appraisal on building maintenance practice among landlords in Niger Central Senatorial District. It is limited to making findings about maintenance practice in building within Niger Central Senatorial District.

Definition of term

Maintenance: is the controlling the condition of a building so that its pattern lies within specified regions

Technicians:

Policy: course of action

Activity: action or motion

Safety: well being

Building: an edifice, construction or structure

 Practice: carry out

Landlords: the owner of a house of building

Responsibilities: everyday duties or task

Tenants: person or individuals who rent or lease a house




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