DISCUSS THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT OF URBANIZATION IN NIGERIA

DISCUSS THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT OF URBANIZATION IN NIGERIA

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  • Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Shortage of adequate housing virtually abounds in every country, particularly in the developing and third world countries. The shortage, in both quantitative and qualitative terms, is more acute in the urban centres. Omojinmi (2000) observed that people that sleep in indecent houses in urban Nigeria are more than people who sleep in decent houses. Thus, it is assertive that there is inadequacy in housing to cope with the ever-increasing population in Nigeria (Arayela, 2003). The causes of this dearth in housing are numerous.  High construction cost is found to be present in all countries, albeit in varying degrees of significance (Adedeji, 2007). Afolayan (1987) attributes the high cost of construction to rising cost of building materials, inflation rate in the economy, high space and quality standard adopted by designers, professional fees for housing design and construction, excessive profit of contractors and 10% interest payable on National Housing Fund in Nigeria (NHF).Cases of high cost of housing compared to the low salaries of civil servants in Nigeria could be seen in the sale of 2-bedroom bungalows at Otedola Estate in Lagos, which according to LSG (1999) was the cheapest obtainable and the subsequent sale of 2-bedroom flat at Ikorodu by LSDPC (Lagos State Development and Property Corporation) at N1.7 Million. The research intends to investigate the delivery of low income housing in Nigeria ;its challenges and prospect.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The inability of many Nigerian workers to afford  good housing has grown to a greater dimension, the implication resulting in low morale and productivity. However in view of the significance of housing delivery it is pertinent that the issue of housing delivery be properly addressed. The research intends to investigate the delivery of low income housing in Nigeria; its prospect and challenges

1.3       RESEARCH  QUESTIONS

1            What is the nature of low income housing delivery in Nigeria

2            What constitute the challenges and prospect of low income housing delivery in Nigeria

1.4      OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1.     To appraise the nature of low income housing delivery in Nigeria

2      To determine the nature of the challenges of low income housing delivery in Nigeria

3      To appraise the prospect of low income housing delivery in Nigeria

1.5        SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The research shall provide an assessment of the challenges and prospect of low income housing delivery in Nigeria and shall serve as a veritable source of information on low income housing delivery.

1.6        STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

1            H0    The delivery of low income housing in Nigeria is low

H1    The delivery of low income housing in Nigeria is high

2            H0    The challenges of low income delivery in Nigeria is high

H1   The challenges of low income delivery in Nigeria is low

3      H0    The prospect of low income delivery in Nigeria is   low

H1   The prospect of low income delivery in Nigeria is                             high

1.7        SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study is focused on the  assessment of the delivery of low income housing in Nigeria .It analyzes the challenges and prospect of the delivery of low income housing in Nigeria.


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