Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 72 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦7,000
Tuberculosis (TB) is a high burden global problem. Nigeria ranks fifth among the 22
high burden TB countries globally and first in Africa. Directly observed treatment short-
course (DOTS) is central to all TB control programs. One indicator of assessing the
effectiveness of DOTS is through sputum smear conversion rates at the end of intensive
phase. Whether some of the patients become smear negative early during the intensive
phase has not been investigated. There is lack of data to clarify this research question.
The rate and time to sputum smear conversion were determined as well as the
relationship between baseline sputum smear grades and time to sputum smear conversion
A longitudinal study at National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Center, (NTBLTC)
Zaria was employed from January-June 2010. Data collection was by laboratory method
using Ziehl Neelsen staining technique for grading the bacillary load in the sputum at
diagnosis and weekly follow-up specimens. HIV status of each patient was determined
and 2007-2009 records analyzed. Data was entered and analyzed by Epi-Info version
Of the 62 patients analyzed, 67.7% were males with male/female ratio of 2:1. The
productive age group constituted 88.7% of those affected with median age of 32 years.
About 75.8% were HIV negative with TB/HIV co-infection of 24.2%; 79% were new TB
patients. Overall, Zaria and her immediate neighboring LGAs had 82.3% of patients.
Of the 58 patients that converted, the mean time to sputum smear conversion was 2.7 ±
1.3 weeks, standard error (SE), 0.2 (95% confidence interval 2.3-3.1). Sputum smear
conversion rate peaked in week three with 71%. By the end of intensive phase,
conversion rate was 93.5%. At univariate analysis, by first week, 90% of sputum smear
grade of ≤ 1+ converted but none among sputum grade of 3+. Being HIV positive was
not associated with early conversion at bivariate analysis with p-value of 0.31 by Fisher’s
exact. Of the 611 records analyzed for 2007-2009, the average sputum conversion rate
was 82%. When conversion rate was categorized by sputum grade, it was statistically
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Logistic management deals with planning and control of both public and private sectors. Generally...Continue Reading »
2. ASSESSMENT OF CLIENTS’ SATISFACTION AND QUALITY OF OUTPATIENT CARE UNDER THE NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME AT BARAU DIKKO SPECIALIST HOSPITAL KAD...» SUMMARY Its widely acknowledge that the performance of a national health system is largely determined by its financing mechanism. Hence, the Federal g...Continue Reading »
3. BASELINE ANTIBODY TITRE TO SALMONELLA TYPHI AND SALMONELLA PARATYPHI A AMONG APPARENTLY HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Typhoid fever is endemic in the tropics and sub tropical regions of the world. It is a major public health problem in most developing countri...Continue Reading »
4. BARRIERS TO EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICE AMONG HIV POSITIVE MOTHERS ATTENDING PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION CLINIC, SAGAMU, OGUN STAT...» ABSTRACT Mother to child HIV transmission occurs during pregnancy, at birth and during breastfeeding and it is the leading cause of infant mortality i...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Patients with type II diabetes mellitus are more prone to diabetic complications and oxygen free radicals are known to contribute to the deve...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 Background Information Children worldwide are known to be vulnerable and susceptible in many respects, especially on matt...Continue Reading »
7. COST EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATION DRUG SUSCEPTIBILITY ASSAY VERSUS GENEXPERT MTB/ RIF IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS ...» SUMMARY Patients with HIV experience high mortality and severe morbidity if co infected with tuberculosis. This is especially true in countries of sub...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to The Study The urban communities of underdeveloped nations are developing at extremely fast rates contrasted...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Introduction/Background: Brucellosis is a zoonosis of major public health significance that occurs worldwide in both man and animals. Human b...Continue Reading »
10. CHARACTERISTICS OF NON-COMPLIANT HOUSE-HOLDS DURING NATIONAL IMMUNIZATION PLUS DAYS IN SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT In1989, World Health Assembly (WHA) resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis from the world by year 2000. By 2008 only 4 countries were still ende...Continue Reading »