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AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome, which is a disorder cause by the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). It was discovered by a French Researcher; Professor Luc Montagnier in 1981. The first cases were reported in America in 1981 in five homosexuals who were undergoing treatment for a rare disease of the lungs called pneumocystic Carinii pneumonia. The modes of infection are through sexual intercourse (most common), transfusion of infected blood and blood products, use of infected unsterilised piercing objects and from infected mother to foetus. AIDS has aroused much interest probably because of its sexual connections and more so because of its association with homosexuals in America and Europe. Since its discovery it has become a global problem and the United Nations (UN) and the International Community is worried over it. Describing AIDS, Dr. Ward Cater of the United States (US) Centre for Disease Control (CDC) said that this disease has a potential “….. much worse than anything mankind has seen before”.1
Africa is widely considered the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic and the impact of the disease there has been devastating. More than 25 million people in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are infected with HIV out of the total 34.3 million people infected worldwide, giving SSA approximately three-quarters of the world’s HIV/AIDS case. The disease is literally reshaping the demographics of Africa. According to the UN, approximately 10% of children in SSA are parentless as a result of AIDS. The disease has claimed more human lives than plague or nuclear weapons took in their history.2 Since 1986 when the first case of HIV/AIDS was reported in Nigeria, this deadly scourge has spread rapidly to reach pandemic proportions. In Nigeria, the first official report of the HIV/AIDS, the prevalence of infection has shown a steady increase in all
groups that have been monitored. Today, it is estimated that about 5 million Nigerians are infected with the virus.3 The disease has resulted in gradual reduction in life expectancy, decimation of skilled and productive work force and high medical bill. The new International labour Organization
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SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1Background to the Study Since the early 1980s when the first case of HIV infection was diagnosed in the United States of A...Continue Reading »
2. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INCOME GENERATION AMONGST LEPROSY DISABLES AND NORMAL PERSONS LIVING IN A LEPROSY VILLAGE SETTLEMENT» ABSTRACT The shift of the paradigm of rehabilitation to Community Based Socio economic Rehabilitation has paucity of literature to support the bases. ...Continue Reading »
3. PREVALENCE OF MALARIA AND USE OF LONG LASTING INSECTICIDE TREATED NETS IN CHILDREN AGED 6 – 59 MONTHS AT INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS CAMPS ABUJA» ABSTRACT Globally there has been an increase in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). IDPs are a disadvantaged population and prone to numerous challeng...Continue Reading »
4. THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF MOTHERS TOWARDS CHILDHOOD KILLER DISEASES AND NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON IMMUNIZATION» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Many family lost their children to any one of these childhood killer diseases in the past, this dashi...Continue Reading »
5. FACTORS THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH OUTCOMES OF TREATMENT AMONG PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.» SUMMARY Tuberculosis (TB) is a global public health problem in Nigeria, only 22 countries account for 80% of the TB burden in the world and Nigeria wi...Continue Reading »
6. PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOATS KEPT IN HOMES AND ASSESSMENT OF OWNERS’ KNOWLEDGE AND PREVENTIVE PRACTICES IN ZARIA, NIGERIA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND Brucellosis is a global zoonotic disease associated with significant morbidity that can lead to increased rate...Continue Reading »
7. KNOWLEDGE AND PREVALENCE OF HUMAN AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMIASIS AMONG RESIDENTS OF KACHIA GRAZING RESERVE, KADUNA STATE 2012.» SUMMARY Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a vector borne parasitic disease transmitted to humans by bites of infected tse tse flies. It is one of...Continue Reading »
8. NEEDLE PRICK AND SHARPS INJURIES AMONG PRIMARY HEALTH CARE WORKRES IN TANGAZA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, SOKOTO STATE» SUMMARY Needle prick and sharps injuries (NP/SI) are common among health care workers (HCWs). The NP is the commonest route by which health care provi...Continue Reading »
9. DETERMINANTS OF ADHERENCE TO ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG ADULTS WITH HIV/AIDS IN DALHATU ARAF SPECIALIST HOSPITAL LAFIA, NASSARAWA STATE» SUMMARY HIV/AIDS is a disease of public health importance with about 35 million people worldwide living with the disease and Sub Saharan Africa accoun...Continue Reading »
10. BACTERIA IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Urinary schistosomiasis though being second to malaria as the most economically devastating disease is highly neglected in Nigeria. In fact i...Continue Reading »