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AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome, which is a disorder cause by the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). It was discovered by a French Researcher; Professor Luc Montagnier in 1981. The first cases were reported in America in 1981 in five homosexuals who were undergoing treatment for a rare disease of the lungs called pneumocystic Carinii pneumonia. The modes of infection are through sexual intercourse (most common), transfusion of infected blood and blood products, use of infected unsterilised piercing objects and from infected mother to foetus. AIDS has aroused much interest probably because of its sexual connections and more so because of its association with homosexuals in America and Europe. Since its discovery it has become a global problem and the United Nations (UN) and the International Community is worried over it. Describing AIDS, Dr. Ward Cater of the United States (US) Centre for Disease Control (CDC) said that this disease has a potential “….. much worse than anything mankind has seen before”.1
Africa is widely considered the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic and the impact of the disease there has been devastating. More than 25 million people in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are infected with HIV out of the total 34.3 million people infected worldwide, giving SSA approximately three-quarters of the world’s HIV/AIDS case. The disease is literally reshaping the demographics of Africa. According to the UN, approximately 10% of children in SSA are parentless as a result of AIDS. The disease has claimed more human lives than plague or nuclear weapons took in their history.2 Since 1986 when the first case of HIV/AIDS was reported in Nigeria, this deadly scourge has spread rapidly to reach pandemic proportions. In Nigeria, the first official report of the HIV/AIDS, the prevalence of infection has shown a steady increase in all
groups that have been monitored. Today, it is estimated that about 5 million Nigerians are infected with the virus.3 The disease has resulted in gradual reduction in life expectancy, decimation of skilled and productive work force and high medical bill. The new International labour Organization
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SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION OF ILISHAN REMO COMMUNITY MEMBERS ON CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease is a predominant and possibly rising disease across sub Saharan Africa with threats that comprises both communicable a...Continue Reading »
2. DETERMINANTS & DETERRENTS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AMONG TRADERS OF U/RIMI MARKET, KADUNA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Solid waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural problem. Every person is a potenti...Continue Reading »
3. INVESTIGATION OF WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION MODEL IN ASSESSING THE BEST COMPARATIVE MODEL THAT FITS BREAST CANCER DATA IN CLINICAL RESEARCH» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Cancer is a potentially fatal disease caused mainly by environmental factors that mutate genes encoding critical cell reg...Continue Reading »
4. INFORMATION, MOTIVATION AND BEHAVIOURAL SKILLS AS PREDICTORS OF UTILIZATION OF UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS AMONG NURSES IN SAGAMU, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Health care providers are at major high risk for contracting blood borne infections during the discharge of their duties. Universal precautio...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in ...Continue Reading »
6. PREVALENCE OF BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS AND KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF WORKERS IN TWO ABUJA ABATTOIRS, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, NIGERIA» SUMMARY Mycobacterium bovis is present in animals in most developing countries where surveillance and control activities are often inadequate or unava...Continue Reading »
7. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INCOME GENERATION AMONGST LEPROSY DISABLES AND NORMAL PERSONS LIVING IN A LEPROSY VILLAGE SETTLEMENT» ABSTRACT The shift of the paradigm of rehabilitation to Community Based Socio economic Rehabilitation has paucity of literature to support the bases. ...Continue Reading »
8. THE EFFECT OF IONIZING RADIATION ON CHILDREN IN NIGERIA A CASE STUDY OF SHEHU MOHAMMAD KANGIWA MEDICAL CENTRE KADUNA POLYTECHNIC, KADUNA SOUTH LOCAL ...» ABSTRACT Exposure of children to ionizing radiation is most commonly from the environment, chiefly through cosmic x rays and radon, or from medical te...Continue Reading »
9. BARRIERS TO EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICE AMONG HIV POSITIVE MOTHERS ATTENDING PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION CLINIC, SAGAMU, OGUN STAT...» ABSTRACT Mother to child HIV transmission occurs during pregnancy, at birth and during breastfeeding and it is the leading cause of infant mortality i...Continue Reading »
10. RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ADVERSE PREGNANCY OUTCOMES AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SOBA L.G.A, KADUNA STATE» SUMMARY Adverse outcomes of pregnancy include: miscarriages, preterm delivery, low birth weight babies, stillbirth, maternal morbidity and maternal mo...Continue Reading »