AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF OPERATION YAKI AS A SECURITY OUTFIT ON CRIME CONTROL IN SABON TASHA, CHIKUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE 2008-2015.

AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF OPERATION YAKI AS A SECURITY OUTFIT ON CRIME CONTROL IN SABON TASHA, CHIKUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE 2008-2015.

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Abstract

The challenges of crimes and the need to control the same as a way of living up to its primary responsibility led the government of Kaduna state into creating Operation Yaki in 2008 with the mandate to curb crime and criminality in the whole state. Despite this innovative security measure, Sabon Tasha seems not to be recording meaningful drop in crime rate, hence the need for empirical verification. This study therefore, assessed the impact of Operation Yaki as a security outfit on crime control in Sabon Tasha Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State from 2008 to 2015. Relevant body of literature on crime and crime control were reviewed. Social Control Theory of Criminology was adopted as a theoretical framework. A sample of 100 respondents was derived from the population of Sabon Tasha using multi stage cluster sampling method and questionnaires. In addition, In-depth interviews were conducted with both the personnel of Operation Yaki and residents of Sabon Tasha.The data was quantitatively and qualitatively presented and analyzed. Findings reveal generally that Operation Yaki has impacted positively on crime rate in Sabon Tasha and residents of the area feel more secure now than before the coming into being of the security outfit. Hence it is recommended that government should channel more attention and resources towards the improved functioning of the security outfit in the following direction: The culture of regular maintenance and adequate fuelling of patrol vehicles by government be improved, an upward review of the monthly allowance of members of Operation Yaki be undertaken to boost their moral, government should look into the possibility of having more offices of Operation Yaki across the state for easy access,the security outfit should be less brutal in their dealings with residents of the area, and government of Kaduna State should partner neighboring state governors and convince them to develop similar security measure in their respective states.

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Crime and violence are major concerns for mankind. In its 2011 World Development Report, the

World Bank (2011) states that insecurity has become the primary challenge of our time. It further

says “efforts to maintain security are at the heart of human history” (World Bank, 2011:1). The

negative impacts of crime on the political, social, and economic life of every country largely

explains why the security and welfare of the people is considered the primary responsibility of

government. Consequently, in every society, the search for more effective crime control

mechanism and measures have remained a continuous exercise. In line with this, the

performance of security and law enforcement agencies is under constant scrutiny and evaluation.

The basis for such assessment is usually anchored on crime rates, the lack of general sense of

security and public confidence.

In Nigeria, crimesranging from religious and inter-ethnic crises, civil war, post-election

violence, agitation for resource control, kidnapping, armed robbery, rape, vehicle theft,

homicide, assault, etc. Though the Nat


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