DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A VIRTUAL LIBRARY SYSTEM

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A VIRTUAL LIBRARY SYSTEM

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  • Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
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ABSTRACT
The Virtual Library is currently developing, as the society becomes more dependent on technology to store and obtain information quickly and effectively, there has been increasing concern in how easy access can be made to books for research, or having unhindered access to store information about research work or knowledge.
The Internet is its ever-evolving state is becoming a serious method of business communication and data transfer worldwide. As students and other institutions and organizations beginning to use the Internet as a new method for awareness creation and information search, then there comes a need for a website that will provide them with the comprehensive list of all the research materials they need. This was what motivated us into embarking on this research work.
Finally, this project was well arranged for Layman’s understanding and finally the website were design in pages but the book collection was limited to computer books and some others. 
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page                                                       i
Approval Page                                                 ii
Table of content                                              iii
Dedication                                                       iv
Acknowledgment                                                 v
Abstract                                                              vi

 

CHAPTER ONE                                                       
1.0.    INTRODUCTION                                       

1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY                    

1.2      STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                    

1.3      OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY                         

1.4      SCOPE OF THE STUDY                              

1.5      SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY                     

1.6      LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 

 

                    
CHAPTER TWO
2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW                                                

 

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 METHODOLOGY AND ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.1 SOURCES OF DATA
3.2.    METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION                       

3.2.1        INTERVIEW METHOD               

3.2.2        OBSERVATION METHOD

3.2.3 RECORD CONSULTATION:          
3.3. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
3.4   SYSTEM ANALYSIS       
3.5. ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM          
3.6. PROBLEM OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM                  

 

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTAION
4.1. ANALYSIS OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM
4.2   FILE DESIGN SPECIFICATION                     
4.3   OUTPUT DESIGN
4.4 INPUT DESIGN 
4.5 JUSTIFICATION OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGED USED
4.6 MENUS AND SUBMENUS
4.7 THE MAIN MENU
4.7.1 THE SUB MENUS
4.8 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
4.9 CHANGE OVER PROCEDURE
4.10 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION
                                 
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 
5.1   SUMMARY                                               
5.2. SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
5.3 SUGGESTED AREA FOR FURTHER STUDIES
5.4 USER’S MANUAL
                                               
References
Appendixes           

 

CHAPTER ONE
1.0  INTRODUCTION
Digital Library System (DLS) extends and integrate approaches adopted in traditional libraries as well as in distributed information systems, to yield high-end information systems, services and institutions.  Here we will explore some of the parts or components of digital libraries and discuss several of the developments in this emerging field.

       Building a comprehensive digital library system will help users to manage all phases of the information lifecycle.    Of particular importance is to simplify the authoring and creation process so that wider population can participate by adding all types of multimedia content directly into digital libraries.  Downstream access allows readers to benefit from this type of computer-mediated communication, across time and space.  Ultimately, it is believed that knowledge will be shared and then lead to yet another cycle of discovery, authoring and utilization that is facilitated by digital libraries.

 

 

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Times are fast changing; we now live in a jet age which is mainly characterized by rapid changes in technology, lifestyle and value.  This is indeed an age of information explosion.

       One of the major inventions that have driven the world to a fast pace of technological advancement is the computer.  The computer is primarily an electronic information processor that is rapidly changing the way we acquire, organize, recall, access, analyze, synthesize and apply information.  The effectiveness with which the information is generated and communicated determines the rate of progress of a society and the fulfillment of its people.  Modern society is information driven and information today is a universal need.
       Moreover, computers have affected the ways which people use information.  It has changed the rate of work done, the method for accomplishing the work alongside the relationship among the people carrying and using the information.  However, computers and libraries are not left out in the utilization of computer to carry out their day-to-day activities especially as it concerns the amount of information generated.  Libraries have evolved over the years which gave rise to digital libraries.
1.2  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
There are numerous problems with the traditional libraries.  These in-adequacies are enumerated below.

1.  The users of the traditional library need to go the library physically which most times could lead to congestion of the library?

2.  Inability for the library resources to be accessed 24/7.

3.  The library resources cannot be simultaneously used.  It is one at a time.

4.  Traditional libraries are limited by storage space.

 

1.3  GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The proposed system Digital Library System has it’s general objectives which it is set out to achieve.  They are as follows:

a)  To create variety of access services for searching, browsing and discovering resources.

b)  To organize and index digital objectives for different purpose which includes cataloging, finding aids and database.

c)  Reduction of loan and acquisition through the use of digital library.

d)  Comprehensive storage of large repository of data that can be accessed by authorized users.

e)  Reduce the cost of maintaining a traditional library.

 

1.4  SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
       The objectives of this proposed system has been narrowed.  This is geared towards ensuring that the objectives are achieved.  They are as follows:
§  Removal of Physical Bounding:  Ensure that the users do not always go to the library physically, but can access library resource once he/she is connected to the server.

§  Round the Clock Availability:  To enable users to be able to gain access 24/7 to the information.

§  Information Retrieval:  To make it easy and convenient for the user to use any search term (Title OR Authors name) to search the entire collection, thus providing user-friendly interfaces, and giving clickable access to it’s resource.

§  Preservation and Conservation: Provide access to materials that would otherwise fall to degradation from repeated use.

§  Multiple Access:  Ensure that the same resources can be used simultaneously by a number of persons.

§  Space:  Able to provide storage for information digitally by using little physical space to contain them.

 

1.5  SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In implementing the objectives of this study, the advantages of a digital library over the traditional library are enormous.  Users will be able to access library resource digitally without the inconveniences of users carrying books, journals, magazines etc which could result in rapid wear and tear of this library resource.  Besides, it will afford users the opportunity to access digital books simultaneously without waiting for the book to be returned to the library.

       The proposed system will provide security to help track library resources through the development of a comprehensive database that will be used to house the library resources.  The system will also eliminate some of the routine manual work prevalent in a traditional library.

 

1.6  SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this research work for the proposed system (Digital Library System) was carried out in the Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU) in their digital library section.  The scope of this study will include the following:

1.  Information indexing/cataloguing.

2.  Classification of library resource.

3.  Searching and retrieval (downloading).

4.  Registration of books/uploading of digital resources

5.  Registration of users.

6.  Database management.

 

1.7  LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This proposed system will not take into consideration audio collections.  It is web based not a stand alone delivery system with its own user file and login ID and password.  Also, time constraint during the time for this project work is short. Financial resources is a limitation encountered in the course of this research work.

 

1.8  DEFINITION OF RELATED TERMS
§  Digital:  Relating to or using signals or information represented by discrete values of a physical quantity.

§  Library:  A building or room containing collections of books, periodicals and sometimes films and recorded music for people to read, borrow or refer to.

§  Digital Library:  Is a type of information retrieval system in which collections are stored in digital format.

§  Information:  This is a collection of facts or data.



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