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LECTURERS’ PERCEPTION ON THE INFLUENCE OF DRUG ABUSE ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF BINGHAM UNIVERSITY, KARU NASSARAWA STATE)
1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Drug can simply be said to be a substance that affects the function of living cells, used in medicine and related disciplines to diagnose, cure, prevent the occurrence of diseases and disorders, and prolong the life. Moronkola (1993) believed that use, misuse and abuse of drugs are three concepts in drug issues that need proper classification. Use is a term reserved for any purpose to which drug is taken to the body by man.
Cecilia (2010) asserted that medically, drug abuse is the use of drug to an extent that it produces definite impairment of social, psychological or physiological functioning of the user. It is the use of illegal drugs, or the misuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs especially without the consent of a medical personnel. It refers to the use of a drug for purposes for which it is not intended or using a drug in excess. Such drugs of abuse include tobacco, barbiturates, amphetamines and narcotics amongst others. Drug abuse entails a strong cultural and subjective bias, depends on whether a society at a particular point in time views the use of a particular drug as acceptable or not. Therefore, what is regarded as normal use as against pathological abuse is at variance greatly from drug, quantity, situation to situation, culture to culture or even among subcultures of the same society.
Education is regarded as an instrument for economic, social, political and educational growth and development. There has equally been a growing commitment to education by successive government, individual communities and missionary bodies (Bettinger and Slonim 2007). This commitment on the part of government and other relevant stakeholders have extended to ensure that students are properly groomed and tutored on how best to effectively manage themselves and improve academic performance in an ever-changing world. These changes have tempted some students to believe that, for them to be able to maintain academic expectations they need to involve in the use of hard drugs (Brook et al. 2009).
Drug abuse, is generally viewed as the use of a substance that modifies mood or behaviour in a manner characterized by a maladaptive pattern of use. Musto (2008) asserts that drug abuse is the use of drugs that can cause disorder characterized by the use of a mood or behaviour-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress, such as failure to fulfill social or occupational obligations or recurrent use in situations in which it is physically dangerous to do so or which end in legal problems. What this connotes is that it influences behaviour. The use of drugs by students in Nigerian universities has become an embarrassing phenomenon to parents/guardians, schools, government authorities, and the society at large. The students today are the leaders of tomorrow and they deserve good education in the right direction so as to massively contribute to national development. The constant abuse of drugs among young people and most especially students can cause psycho-social problems in society and most critically it can negatively affect students performances both academically and behaviourally which can precipitate to insecurity problems if not duely tackled. One may hope that this obnoxious practice and its associated consequences would not lead to the breeding of deranged generation of youths and also negatively affect the educational sector. This fear is not out of place as a result of what happens to be the frequent and rampant drug crises and related problems in many Nigerian universities and other tertiary institutions. It is in this connection that this study examines the perception of lecturers on the influence of drugs on the academic performance of students in Nigerian universities.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM
The poor academic performance coupled with the increase of drug or substance abuse among youths particularly Nigerian undergraduates has been a regrettable experience as drug/substance abuse has gradually eaten deep into the Nigerian youth. Poor academic performances in our Nigerian higher institutions has equally left little to be desired as a lot has been done to improve this ugly trend but has yielded little or no result. this has sparked further studies thus leading us to the study which is to sample the perception of lecturers on the influence of drug abuse on students academic performance/achievement.
1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The major aim of the study is to examine the perception of lecturers on the influence of drug abuse on academic performance of students in Bingham University Karu Nassarawa state. Other specific objectives of the study include;
1. To examine the level of drug abuse among students in Nigerian universities.
2. To determine the influence of drugs on students learning ability/academic performance.
3. To examine the major reasons for drug abuse among Nigerian undergraduates.
4. To examine the impact of drugs on students interest in education.
5. To recommend ways of reducing the menace of drug abuse among students in Nigeria.
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the level of drug abuse among students in Nigerian universities?
2. What is the influence of drugs on students learning ability/academic performance?
3. What are the major reasons for drug abuse among Nigerian undergraduates?
4. What is the impact of drugs on students’ interest in education?
5. What are the ways of reducing the menace of drug abuse among students in Nigeria?
1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: Drug abuse does not influence students’ academic performances in Bingham University.
H1: Drug abuse influences students’ academic performances in Bingham University.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study would be of immense importance to undergraduate students, lecturers and university administrators as it would reveal the influence of drug abuse on students’ academic performance among students with the objective of proffering solutions to students’ poor academic performance. The study would also benefit researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.
1.7. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study is restricted to the lecturers’ perception on influence of drug abuse on students’ academic performances in Bingham University, Nassarawa state.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
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