Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 62 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
The oil and gas industry is increasingly looking towards unconventional resources like heavy oil to help satisfy world energy demand as conventional reserves are continuously depleted due to several years of production and consumption. Viscous oil hydrodynamic characteristics are different from conventional oil (light) due mainly to its physical properties .As a result of these significantly different physical properties, heavy oil is more challenging to produce and transport. The major implication of these differences is seen in the design of heavy oil systems as well as in the implementation of technologies which were mostly developed on the basis of hydrodynamic characteristics of liquid oil.
High-viscosity oils are discovered and produced all around the world. High-viscosity or "heavy oil" has become one of the most important future hydrocarbon resources, with ever-increasing world energy demand and depletion of conventional oils.
Almost all flow models have viscosity as an intrinsic variable. Two-phase flows are expected to exhibit significantly different behavior for higher viscosity oils. Many flow behaviors will be affected by the liquid viscosity, including droplet formation, surface waves, bubble entrainment, slug mixing zones, and even three-phase stratified flow. Furthermore, the impact of low-Reynolds-number oil flows in combination with high-Reynolds-number gas and water flows may yield new flow patterns and concomitant pressure-drop behaviors.
Void fraction prediction in high viscous liquid is of great importance .This is because most existing correlations for predicting two phase flow parameters were developed based on observations from low viscosity liquid gas flows which have different hydrodynamic features compared to high viscosity liquid gas flows. Consideration of these prediction models will ensure that pressure drop is accurately predicted (Oyewole 2009)
Water is a low viscosity fluid; syrup is a high viscosity fluid. With oil, like syrup, as you increase the temperature, the viscosity lowers, meaning it flows faster, or more easily.
The most common unit of measure for viscosity is the Kinematic viscosity and this is usually quoted in data sheets at 40°C and 100°C. The commonly used unit of measure is centistokes but the correct SI unit of measure is mm2/s.
Absolute Viscosity is a measure of a fluid's internal resistance to flow and may be thought of as a measure of fluid friction and of the oil's film strength to support a load.
Dynamic or Absolute Viscosity: 1 milliPascal second (mPa·s) = 1 centi-Poise (cP)
1.1 Statement of problem
With the decline of conventional oil reserves, heavy oil with significantly high viscosity is seen as a major potential resource to meet the world increasing energy demand .Void fraction prediction in high viscous liquid is of great importance. This is because most existing empirical correlations for prediction two phase flow parameters were developed based on observations from low viscosity liquid-gas flows which have different hydrodynamic features compared to high viscosity liquid –gas flows. Consideration of these prediction models will ensure that pressure drop is accurately predicted. This will have significant impact on the design and specification of downstream facilities.
The project aims to carry out an appraisal of existing void fraction correlations using data for high viscosity oil gas two phase flows in horizontal pipes.
1. To compare high viscosity void fraction data with those of prediction from existing correlations.
2. To carry out a detailed statistical analysis of these correlations.
3. To determine the best performing ones for high viscous oil data.
1. Increased growth in global energy consumption.
2. Depleting light resources.
3. Reserves of heavy resources.
4. The need for proper understanding of the behaviour of heavy oil.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR PETROLEUM ENGINEERING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Figure 3.1: Schematics of the Reservoir model . 5 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS API American Petroleum Institute EOR Enhanced Oil ...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT The aim of this project is to remediate oil contaminated soil with the use of surfactants. During the process of remediation, the chemical/ph...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Solution gas drive reservoirs are characterized by rapid and continuous decline of reservoir pressure. This rapid and continuous decline of r...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction Cellulose is the name given to a long chain of atoms consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen arranged in a particular m...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT A production engineer is responsible for generating the production forecast for a well or a field. Once production drops from the peak or pla...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT As the demand for petroleum resources increases, drilling of oil and gas wells are often carried out in challenging and hostile environments....Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 Background of Study In the production system, Pressure drop has been a major issue in the field. These pressure drops cou...Continue Reading »
8. ADSORPTION OF COPPER (II) ION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION ONTO THERMALLY TREATED EGGSHELL: KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDY» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Water is an essential substance for the existence of mankind on earth because of its vital function to man and...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT This research work mainly investigates the development and the behavior of cones (both water and gas cones) in oil reservoirs supported by st...Continue Reading »
10. MODIFICATION OF SURFACE, PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ACTIVATED CARBONS FOR WATER PURIFICATION» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 ORIGIN AND NATURE OF ACTIVATED CARBON Carbon is the fifteenth most abundant element in the earth’s crust and the fo...Continue Reading »