Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
Typhoid fever also known as enteric fever, it is a potentially fatal multisystem illness caused
primarily by SalmonellaTyphi(S. Typhi). It is an important cause of morbidity and mortality
globally. Itremains a major public health problem in developing countries such as Nigeria,
where access toclean water and standards of sanitation and hygiene are inadequate. This
study analyzedreported typhoid fever cases among students of Ahmadu Bello University,
Samaru campus Zaria. The objectives of the study are to identify the sources of water supply,
examine the demographic determinants of typhoid fever, examine the temporal trend of
reported typhoid fever cases from 2009-2014, examine the spatial distribution of reported
typhoid fever cases and examine the strategies adopted to control and prevent typhoid fever
in the study area.Questionnaire and structured interview were the primary instrument for data
collection while recorded typhoid cases from the university sick-bay was the secondary data
used for the study. Accidental sampling technique was usedto select 396 respondents for the
administration of questionnaire from a population of 45,000 students. Data was analyzed both
descriptively and inferentially using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version
20). The study found that sachet water (46.5%) was the major source of drinking water and
about half (50%) of the respondents attested that it is consumed more because they feel it is
safe for consumption. Respondent’s perceived typhoid fever to affect students’
academicperformance through absenteeism from lectures. It also revealed that typhoid fever
in the study area mostly affects age groups of 21-25years and the female sex (63.9%)
although no significant difference was shown in typhoid cases between the age groups and
sexes of the patients. The study established that April with 1287 recorded the highest cases of
typhoid fever while December recorded the lowest over the six years period.Ribadu hostel
recorded the highest number of typhoid cases in the study area. The occurrence of typhoid
across the years reveals year 2012 with 2158 number of cases had the highest. Finally the
study found that 76.3% agreed that improved sanitation in the study area as a measure to be
adopted to prevent typhoid fever in the study area. From the findings of this study, it can be
concluded that the major source of water supply in the area is sachet water. Also, the
perceived effects posed by typhoid fever is felt more on academics. Also, typhoid fever is a
major health challenge among study participants. It is recommended thatthe university need
to improve on the quality of drinking water supply to the campus in order to prevent/control
1.1 Background to the Study
A disease is a particular abnormal, pathological condition that affects part or all of an organism (Olson, 2002). It is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by factors originally from an external source, such as infectious disease, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases (McWhinney, 1987). In humans, "disease" is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviours, and typical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories (Emson, 1987). Diseases usually affect people not only physically, but also emotionally, as contracting and living with a disease can alter one's perspective on life, and one's personality (Hanne and Hawken, 2007).
Typhoid fever also known as enteric fever, it is a potentially fatal multisystem illness caused primarily by SalmonellaTyphi(S. Typhi), which is an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Itremains a major public health problem in developing countries, where access toclean water and standards of sanitation and hygiene are inadequate.S typhi has been a major human pathogen for thousands of years, thriving in conditions of poor sanitation, crowding, and social chaos. The name S typhi is derived from the ancient Greek typhos, an ethereal smoke or cloud that was believed to cause disease and madness. In the advanced stages of typhoid fever, the patient's level of consciousness could be truly clouded. Although antibiotics have remarkably reduced the frequency of typhoid fever in the developed world, yet it remains endemic in developing countries(Fenwick, 2006).
Typhoid fever is widely recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries. It is characterized by acute fever, headache, abdominal pain, impatience and leukopenia. The etiological agent of typhoid fever is Salmonella entericasub-spentericaserotype Typhi (Abu Oshomole and Adeyemi, 2011).Humans are the only natural host and reservoir for S. Typhi, which can survive several months in soil or water (Ibekweet al., 2008).
The infection is transmitted by ingestion of food or water contaminated by faecal or urinary carriers excreting the bacterium. Transmission dynamics of typhoid fever is beyond an association between declining incidence with improvements in sanitation and risk factors.This is identified through classical epidemiological techniques, particularly case-control studies. Individual level risk factors are, among others, contaminated water and food, community-level risk factors include population density, temperature, rainfall and proximity to water sources (Ismail, 2006).
Typhoid fever is a major cause of morbidity in many regions of the world.About 12 to 33 million cases were reported in India, South and Central America and Africa which is characterized by rapid population growth
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR GEOGRAPHY FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The Intergovernmental Panel on Flood (IPCC) (2007), views flood as statistically significant vari...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Since the dawn of the new millennium, the whole world has been exposed to various security challenges...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Clay is a common name for a number of fine grained earthly materials that become plastic and tenacious when moist, and th...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONEBACKGROUND TO THE STUDY1.1 IntroductionClimate change is one of the greatest contemporary environmental challenges and is global in dimensi...Continue Reading »
5. A STUDY INTO THE INFLUENCE OF FIELD STUDY ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF GEOGRAPHY STUDENTS (Case study of Geography Department, UNIBEN)» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Field study is the collection of information outside a laboratory, library or workplace setting (...Continue Reading »
6. Planning Implications of Housing Development in Jos Jarawa District, Jos North, Plateau State, Nigeria» ABSTRACTThis study aims at examining the housing development in Jos Jarawa. 150 households were surveyed across the District employing simple random s...Continue Reading »
7. EFFECTS OF PERIODIC MARKETS ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF GIWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT The study focuses on the effects of periodic markets on economic development of Giwa Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Purposive samplin...Continue Reading »
8. A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIES, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARJA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWAR...» ABSTRACT Trucking hasbecome the major and most important mean of transporting goods in Nigeria as a result of the collapse of the rail means. Due to t...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION One of the greatest hazards of man today is poor sanitary condition of his environment, which is being caused by his dail...Continue Reading »
10. ANALYSIS OF ACCESS AND UTILIZATION OF INSTITUTIONAL CREDIT FACILITIES AMONG FARMERS IN AGATU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT The importance of credit in agricultural production cannot be over emphasized. Farmers in Agatu Local Government Area despite being an agrari...Continue Reading »