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This research is carried out to critically review the causes of drug abuse among students and Benue state university was used as a case study. To make this research a reality questionnaires were administered to collect information, the information was collected from different places. The motive behind the research on the causes of drug abuse among students stem from the belief that students now engage more on drugs than before. This research also seek to find out factors responsible for the causes of drug abuse in schools. The collected data though questionnaires were analyzed computed in percentages. And the following were seen as the major causes of drug abuse in schools; lack of parental care, failure of school system, social disorganization of parents, unlicensed drug stores, and peer groups influence.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Drug abuse is a social problem of great concern in our society like other social problems; drug abuse has been attracting the attention of sociologist, political scientist, psychologist, philosophers, criminologist and social workers.
Social worker in particular, have been working relentlessly to provide solutions to the problems posed by drug abuse, to this end, several causal explanations, causes affect as recommendations through drug abuse could at least the reduced in the society. But since the aim has not been fully accomplished, the need for more research work on the problems becomes more imperative coupled with the facts that the problem seriously affects the social, economic, political and academic lives of drug users in both rural and urban areas.
Drug abuse has far reaching effects on the progress and aspiration of the youth of all lends. It determines how far the students can benefit from the available opportunities provided by the homes, the government and the community.
Various definition and explanations attempted is that the age of the students is usually between the ages of 15 years and 18 years old.
Drug abuse is referred to as substance abuse which involves the repeated and excessive use of chemical substances to achieve certain effects. These substances may be street or illicit drugs illegal due to their potentials for addition and abuse. They can also be drug obtained with a prescription, use of the pleasure rather than medical reasons.
The most unfortunate victims of these drug are the students (youths) these acts or activities are never in conformity to the general accept modes of behavior in the society.
Drug abuse can lead to rape, armed robbery, cultism, murder, theft, fighting e.t.c drug abuse leads to a wide range of anti social tendencies as mentioned above. It starts during the adolescent stage where the child feels it s fun to get involved in drugs and can develop into a chronic addict and can cause untimely
i. Drug: is an illegal substance that some people take, smoke, inject e.t.c for the physical and mental effects it has.
ii. Abuse: is it to take or use something in a way that is wrong or harmful.
iii. Drug abuse: a drug is said to be abused when its use is not pharmacological or physically necessary it can also be used to describe a situation whereby the dosage of a given drug is exceeded by the user.
iv. Addict: a person who is unable to stop using harmful drugs.
v. Psychiatrist: a doctor who studies and ill mental illness.
vi. Cannabis: a drug made from dried leaves and flowers of hemp plant which is smoked or eaten and which gives the user of a feeling of being relaxed.
vii. Alcohol: is a drink that can make people drunk and starts misbehaving.
viii. Illegal: something that is not allowed by the law.
ix. Psycho: a person is mentally ill and who behaves in very strange violent way.
x. Student: a person is studying at a school.
xi. Social control agencies: these are means through which a society ensures conformity to the existing norms and values of the society.
Death if adequate remedial steps are not taken. It had constituted a set back in the lives of many and has been a menace in all aspect of human life.
The study will concentrate on the causes and effect of drug abuse on students.
The first chapter introduces the project work. It is the means to acquaint the readers with the basic information or knowledge of drug abuse. The chapter two will take a critical look at the explanations of drug abuse with special emphasis on the causes and effects of drug abuse among secondary school students. It will also review the literature of different scholars on the issues.
The third chapter will discuss the research methodology, beginning with the description of the population, proceeding to the sample and sampling method, research instruments, procedures for data collection and finally, the method of data analysis.
The fourth chapter will dwell on the presentation and analysis of data, testing the hypothesis and discussion of findings. The final chapter (chapter five) will deal with the summary, conclusion and recommendations.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The health of young people is a key factor in the promotion and preservation of the health of the population as a whole because it determines the overall level of population health in the short term (Tsvetkova and Antonova, 2013). There seem to be an increasing prevalence of drug abuse amongst adolescents (university students inclusive) despite the efforts of concerned bodies to curb this menace. University students are the most susceptible to drug use amongst different youth groups in Nigeria because most of them live outside the watch of their parents or guardian. Hence, a comprehensive empirical study on the prevalence of drug abuse amongst university students in Benue.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Benue State University is a state-owned in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Its 2006 student enrollment was over 19,000 served by 429 faculty. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs with a catalog of over 50 graduate programs across seven colleges. It is accredited by the National Universities Commission
The university was founded in 1992 and served 306 students with 149 faculty.The state government felt that the community needed a conventional university to augment the specialized academic offerings of the Federal University of Agriculture. In 1991, the state government formed a 13-member steering committee to plan for and obtain approval for the university. The university began offering classes for the 1992/1993 school year in four colleges: Arts, Education, Sciences, and Social Science
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This research work is an attempt to study drug abuse among students in Benue state university. I was stimulated by frequent cases of drug abuse amongst youths and its consequences.
The research findings may apply to other parts of Nigeria. The purpose of this study is to;
1. Assess the prevalence of drug abuse amongst university students in Benin.
2. Identify types of drugs that are commonly abused.
3.Identify the factors responsible for drug abuse among the students
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
Research of this nature could help in exposing and reducing the causes of drug abuse in Benue state university and assist in the preventive measures to the ever increasing rates of drug abuse in the community and else where.
1. What is the prevalence rate of drug abuse amongst the university students in Benin?
2. What types of drugs are commonly abused by the students?
3. What are the factors that influence the consumption of these drugs?
There is no significant relationship between university environment and drug abuse amongst university students in Benin City.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Since the research has to be done along side with my work, the time obviously poses a problem and limit the extent of data is gathered.
Another problem encountered is that of finance, in terms of transportation to target areas, distribution and printing of questionnaires and collection of data from the various schools.
Getting the cooperation of respondents was an up hill task as most of them could not freely because of been exposed.
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