TEACHER ATTITUDE AND WORK ATTITUDE AS DETERMINANTS OF STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

TEACHER ATTITUDE AND WORK ATTITUDE AS DETERMINANTS OF STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The importance of qualified teachers and school attitude in schools today in particular cannot be overemphasized. Reason being that school attitude has a major effect in the attitude of education students received. This implies that schools that fail to provide the necessary learning facilities and create a conducive atmosphere for teaching and learning coupled with qualified teachers may hardly put in the best in their students especially in the area of academic performances. 

The attitude of education not only depends on the teachers teaching performances, but also on how he/she can control the school attitude effectively (Ajao, 2001). Many factors might contribute to students’ poor achievement inschool which may include: poor study habits and lack ofavailable resource materials, poor school climate, indiscipline,inadequate facilities, teachers’ ineffectiveness, the teachingmethod and the type of learning attitude available for boththe students and the teachers, Teacher’s ineffectiveness as a cause of student’s poor performances can narrowed down to their qualification in the subject(s) being taught. Learning can also be said to occurthrough one’s effective interaction with one’s attitude. Attitudehere refers to availability of facilities that are of good help to facilitate studentslearning and yield a positive outcome on their academic performances. This attitude ranges from books, audio-visual, software andhardware of educational technology; so also, size of classroom,sitting position and arrangement, availability of tables, chairs,chalkboards, shelves on which instruments for practical arearranged (Farrant, 1991 and Farombi, 1998).

On the other hand, the extent at which some teachers, exhibit high level of indiscipline within the school attitude does not seem to portray them as role models. Thus, they rather encourage indiscipline among students by their attitudes as this may have negative influence of students’ academic achievement.

Teachers on the other-hand can make or mar the school curriculum; therefore, their adequacy and attitude such as qualification, experience, attitude and personality for better service delivery needs to be assessed by the school authority on a regular basis, so that students’ academic performance won’t be jeopardize with.

The availability of qualified teachers is a major determinant in the performance of students in schools Akinsolu (2010).Coonen (1987) emphasizes that teachers who has undergone in-service training were more effective in classrooms as compared to teachers who had not undergone any form of training.

Many scholars and researchers generally are not in agreement that the school attitudes, which include teacher administration, play a critical role in positive academic performances than other variables (Patrick, 2005). The important role of the teachers in the learning is unquestionable. Teachers have been said to have a lot of influence on their classroom practices. Teachers should have and apply specific teaching skills and abilities that can be reflected in their students’ performance in the subject they teach, in which the students will be able to make connection between whatis taught in school and its application in problem solving in real life.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The influence of teacher attitude and school attitude on positive academic achievementof students has been an issue of concern to all stakeholders and researchers ineducation. This is crystal clear in the rate of mass failure of studentsin both internal and external examinations which might be narrowed down to lack of basic infrastructural facilities like good buildings and classrooms and teacher attitude, experience and competence.However, several research studies have fail to identified other factors such as school climate, discipline and physical facilities, teacher attitude, type of location of school and over population of students inclassroom as being responsible for poor academic for pooracademic achievement of students. However, the researcher is examining the effect of teacher’s attitude and work attitude on student’ academic performance.

OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study

To examine the teacher’s attitude as determinants of student academic performance

To determine the effect of work attitude on student academic performance

To identify factors that affect student academic performance.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What are the effects of work attitude on student academic performance?

What is the correlation between the teacher’s attitude and student academic performance?

What are the factors encouraging student academic performance?

HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis 1

HO: Teacher’s attitude does not determine student’ academic performance

HA:Teacher’s attitude determine student academic performance

Hypothesis 2

HO:Work attitude does not have any effect on student’ academic performance.

HA:Work attitude does have effect on student’ academic performance.

SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The outcome of this study will form a useful guide for school management/boards on type of school attitude that can facilitate better learning among student.

The result of this study will also go a long way to help in maintaining discipline among teachers because of the major role they play in student’s academic performance.

The outcome of this research work will also go a long way in educating school management and board on the attitude of teachers that are been employed.

This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF STUDY

This study on teacher’s attitude and work attitude as determinants of student academic performance will cover the assessment of a selected school, its attitude and the teachers.

1. Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Teacher: a person whose job is to pass information and orient students about certain subjects

Student: a person formally engaged in learning, especially one enrolled in a school or college

Attitude:the setting or conditions in which a particular activity is carried on.

Performance: the accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost and speed


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