Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
1.1 THE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The economy is the backbone of any nation. Nigeria, like other development countries of the world is paying more attention on how to accelerate the rate of development through the various sections of the economy.
Oil, a very versatile and flexible non-productive, depleting, natural (hydrocarbon) resource is a fundamental input to modern economic activities providing about 50% of the total energy demanded in the world excluding the former centrally planned economy. Oil exploiting countries of the world depend heavily on oil revenue for foreign exchange earnings and for the government budget, in most cases, reaching 90% or above.
Petroleum or crude oil is an oily bituminous liquid, consisting of a mixture of many substances mainly the elementsof carbon and hydrogen, and thus known as hydrocarbon. It also contains a very small amount of non-hydrocarbon element, chief amongst which are sulphur, nitrogen, and oxygen. Petroleum industry covers the exploration and production of crude oil as well as petroleum refining, marketing and servicing. Specific policy objectives with respect to petroleum and mining can be summed up us follows. Active government participation in mining
operations, diversification of mineral products, the organization and regulation of the development of mineral resource so as to optimize their contribution to the overall national development effort, the conservation of the countries mineral resources, research into efficient extraction methods and wider application and use of mineral manpower development of internal self sufficiency in the supply and effective distribution of petrol industry products, commercialization of gas and the control of the environmental problems of oil production (Obudun 1987).
Though oil did not assume its present significant position in the natural economy until the early 1970s, it is not a novel revelation that it has since become the mainstay of contemporary Nigerian economy. Petroleum either as petrol, diesel,fuel, oil, lubricant or petro-chemical makes Nigeria’s economy wheel go round.
Petroleum has transformed poor nations into rich ones desert into watersheds and bankrupt nations into creditors. Specifically, with respect to Nigeria, there is no gain saying that the oil sector has undergone tremendous transformation over the years. (Anyanwa, et al 1997).
The industry has emerged from being merely the “supportive” economic sector it was in the 1960’s to the predominant source of foreign exchange and most viable access to international investment opportunities in the 80’s and 90’s,
no other resources in Nigeria has played such a towering role over the national economy as crude oil. The government of Nigeria has used the revenue derived from oil through tax and royalties to carry out development projects in the country (Iyohu 2000).
This study therefore, aims to illustrate clearly the impact of oil industry on economic growth performance in Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The over – dependence on oil has created vulnerability to the vagaries in the progressing section that shows the contribution of oil to some macroeconomic variables. In particular, the lace of oil in the psyche of the average Nigerian oil industry in 2003. The contradiction is more external earning for Nigeria, and also increased tax burden on imported refined petroleum products.
Some scholars have advocated for the shifting of emphasis from the oil industry to other sectors owing to their belief in the negative fallouts of the oil industry; some others opined that the sectors should be promoted and developed for its benefits. These opposing views have created the problem of acceptance or otherwise of the oil industry in Nigeria.
In view of the controversy with respect to the relative contribution of the oil sector compared with other sectors, it is imperative to establish empirically the relative impact of the oil industry in the Nigeria economy.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
With the development of petroleum in the Nigerian economy, there has been a growing interest and concern towards its contributions to the economy and economic growth. By the end of the research the study aims at achieving the following objectives.
v To find out the impact of oil revenue (oil sector) on gross domestic product (GDP).
v To find the relationship between oil revenue and economic growth.
1.4 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS
The following hypothesis will be tested in this study:
Ho: Oil has no effect on the economic growth in Nigeria
H1: Oil has a significant effect on the economic growth in Nigeria
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
Share a Comment
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR ECONOMICS FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Most economic development literature described the 1950‘s and 1960‘s as ―Golden Years‖, which mark...Continue Reading »
60 pages | 381 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The concept of poverty and material deprivation is a critical one in contemporary social discussi...Continue Reading »
63 pages | 908 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
3. THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA (1980 – 2010)» ABSTRACT The study examined the impact of monetary policy in stabilizing the Nigeria economy. In the model specified inflation is the regress while ca...Continue Reading »
55 pages | 206 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» ABSTRACT The term savings refers to the part of income immediately spent or consumed but reserved for futureconsumption, investment or unforeseen cont...Continue Reading »
69 pages | 280 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This research work focuses on how cooperative thrift and credit societies influence or enhance memberâ€™s living standard...Continue Reading »
50 pages | 355 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study One of the greatest challenges facing the Nigeria economy is unemployment which has maintained a ...Continue Reading »
56 pages | 368 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
7. IMPACT OF SHARIAH GOVERNANCE ON CBN GUIDELINES ON NON INTEREST BANKING SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF JAIZ BANK» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The most recent and significant development in the banking industry is the emergence of Islamic B...Continue Reading »
53 pages | 211 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
8. THE IMPACT OF PRIVATIZATION AND COMMERCIALIZATION OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA» ABSTRACT So much effort has been made towards understanding the relationship between privatization and commercialization and the economic growth of Ni...Continue Reading »
78 pages | 374 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Investment inflow, particularly foreign investment is perceived to have a positive impact on econ...Continue Reading »
81 pages | 297 hits | Source: ECONOMICS
» ABSTRACTThis research work is centred on the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on the Nigeria’s economic growth with special emphasis on purchasin...Continue Reading »
97 pages | 119 hits | Source: ECONOMICS