THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES IN INCREASING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES IN INCREASING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

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 Abstract

Considering the abundant agro-opportunities around the country, Nigeria has no justifiable reasons to constitute  part of the over one billion people  currently facing  danger of hunger across the world due to lack of increase in agricultural production. It has been noted that one of the reasons for the establishment of Enugu State commercial Agricultural Development project is to assist the medium and small scale farmers to increase agricultural production in the state and Nation as well. The research is an empirical research work carried out scientifically by the use of statistical data form questionnaire administered to a well. Informed staff of Enugu state. Commercial Agricultural Development  project and some of the farmers that benefited from the programme. The methodology used a widely accepted statistical tool I form of primary data, from questionnaires and personal interviews with the target group. The data collected for the research work was collected, presented and analyzed using percentages and obsolete value

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the study

Agriculture has been the backbone of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment and source of livelihood for the increasing population. It accounted for the half of the Gross Domestic product (GDP) of the Nigeria economy at independence in 1960 (Balogun, 2000: Olagunju, 2004). However, the role it plays in the Nigeria and economic development of the country has diminished over the years due to the dominant role of crude oil sector in the economy and in the Gross Domestic product aggregate share. In spite of this, the sector accounts for about 40 percent of GDP and provides employment, both formal and informal for about 60 percent of Nigerians 144 million  people (Digbokar, 2001, Onyeahialam, 2002, Dagunju 2007, National Agricultural economy and policy Report; 2009, Odoemation, 2011). To full revitalize agricultural production in Nigeria, the federal government established series of agricultural policies. These policies include the National Accelerated food production programme: Operation feed the Nation; Agricultural credit Government scheme; River Basin Development Authorities; the Green Revolution; National Agricultural Land Development Authority (Aigboxar, 2001, Akande, 2006). The World Bank assisted Agricultural project (ADPs) was also launched in 1972  (Balogun 2000, Okeke 2000) to improve the traditional system of production and raise the productivity, income and standard of living of small scale farmers who provide over 60 percent  of Gross Domestic food supplies (Olayemi, 1980,  Ayichi, 1995). The success of the pilot schemes launched in Northern Nigeria in the enclave areas of Funntu, Guzan and Gombe led to the expansion nationwide in 1984  (fasoranti, 2006, auta and Dafinang, 2010).

Commercial Agricultural Development project (CADP) is the federal Government of Nigeria initiative to diversity into non-oil source of economic growth very over dependence on oil and gas sector.

The project is carried at improving Agricultural production in Nigeria by supporting the commercialization of Agricultural production, processing and marketing output among small and medium scale commercial farmers and agro-processors.To achieve the desired objectives, the project is targeted at improving access of participating commercial farmers to new technologies, improved infrastructures, finance, output markets, strengthening agro-access to market for some targeted value chairs among the commercial farmers five states “Cross River, Kaduna, Kano and Lagos States are participating in this pilot phase of the project. The value charis being promded in Enugu are poultry, fruit trees and maize as staple crops.

It is expected that socio-economic development of the people should reflect the amount of resource being spent to improve the well being of the people, so the project is focused on the extent the World Bank assisted project have actually helped to enhance socio-economic development of the people of the state in general. Every year, the World Bank through its agencies initiates and implements programmes and projects that are aimed at ameliorating the problems of the people of the state. These project, are intended to contribute to socio-economic development of the state. These are packaged to enhance the goodness. The project are people oriented, at is therefore imperative to examine the role of their projects from the world  vis- a-vics  socio-economic  development of the state. Are the World Bank projects really assisting the state in her socio-economic development effort? What is the role of the World Bank project towards socio-economic development effort of the state? It has been observed that the World Bank project in many countries is geared towards improving the well being of the people. It is intended so the case of Enugu State not be an exception. 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

The following are problems/challenges that research work seeks to address:

-     Most of all the aids from the international agencies, in most cases don’t get to the farmers,

-     International agencies do not know the basic needs of the Nigeria formers, Therefore, The direct needs of the farmers are not addressed in most cases of their intervention (foreign intervention)

-     Issues that bothers on corruption are making it difficult for the international agencies to make the desired impact in Nigerian Agricultural sector.

-     Illiteracy and Ignorance on the side of the farmers are making it very difficult for adoption of modern farming practices to have the desired effect in Nigeria Agricultural sector.  

-     Most of the farm inputs are obsolete and out dated, in regards to achieving the desired improvement in the Agricultural sector.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study is to determine the extent of the role of international Agencies in increasing Agricultural production in Nigeria. Analysis of World Bank Assisted project in Enugu State (A case study of commercial Agricultural Development project CADP).

The specific objective deals with the purpose of research work, these objectives include:

1.  To study the socio-economic characteristics of beneficiaries of commercial Agricultural Development programmes.

2.  To ascertain conditions leading to commercial Agricultural Development programmes approving grant for farmers.

3.  To find out the level of counterpart funding compliance from commercial Agricultural Development programmes beneficiaries.

4.  To ascertain the level of synergy which exist between the donor, ie World Bank, federal government and Enugu State Government.

5.  To ascertain the number of beneficiaries of the scheme or project since inception.

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

The research work was restricted by the company in order to develop the hypothesis formulation

Hypothesis One

Ho:   There are no conditions leading to commercial Agricultural Development programmes approving grant for farmers.

Ho: There are conditions leading to commercial Agricultural Development programmes approving grant for farmers.

Hypothesis Two

Ho:   there is no level of synergy which exist between the donor, ie World Bank, federal government and Enugu State Government

Ho: there is level of synergy which exist between the donor, ie World Bank, federal government and Enugu State Government

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research work is significant in the following ways: It will be of help to government. It will greatly help the policy makers of Agriculture to formulate efficient policy. It will also be of help to students undergoing research on similar topic. In project will also be of importance to the general public to know the extent of the role played by the international agencies in increasing agricultural production in Nigeria. It will also help to increase the knowledge of the researcher. This research work will also help farmers with the  needed information on how they can access aids (financial aids) to improve their project, the international agencies will better informed on what the needs of the farmers are as-well-as enable them channel their resources to such areas. 

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the work is within Enugu state all the communities in this state. Each community has one peculiar and pressing socio-economic problem or the other and this necessitated the sitting of the project. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

 a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study 

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study

DEFINITION OF TERMS

The following terms are defined for easy understanding of the background of the project.

THE WORLD BANK

The World Bank is and international financial institution that provides loan to developing countries for capital programmes.

The World Bank’s official goal is the reduction of poverty.   

DEVELOPMENT:

It Include improvement in the welfare of citizens, eradication of poverty, elimination of inequalities, income distribution, providing access to basic needs such as shelter, food, clothing, health and education, creation of employment opportunities and popular participation in information and implementation of policies, programme in a given society.

INTERNATIONAL

This means having to do with more than one nation. Also, it is an integration between or among nations, pertaining to the intercourse of ration participated in by two or more nations.

PRODUCTION:

Production means the act of producing, meaning or creating something. It is also the act of bringing something forward  for use or consideration.

AGRICULTURAL

Agriculture is the act of science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops and the rearing and management of livestock, tillage, husbandry etc.

COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE SCHEME

       It is a body constituted by the Central Bank  of Nigeria (CBN), World Bank and Federal Government to look into Agricultural and help in boosting Agricultural faculties and also motivate farmers.


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