Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
The research topic on: “The Teaching of Primary science (PR. SC) (also know as Integrated Science (ITS) in the junior secondary Schools ITS)in the primary schools, Problems and Prospects: A Case Study of Some Selected Primary School in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State”. The objective/purpose is to determine how the teaching of Integrated Science has feature in the school curriculum as the case may be. Some literature review was made in the area of teaching science on the topic. Questionnaires were distributed and collected from respondents, the data and information collected were analyzed. Findings from the research showed that:
1. The teachers should identify the prescribed strategy of teaching integrated science; couple with the use of adequate teaching aids, inquiry experimentation, field trips and so on.
2. The major problem inhibiting effective teaching of integrated science is inadequate trained teachers in the field. Therefore, there is need for urgent attention for training and retraining for teachers in Integrated Science i.e. through seminar and workshops and in-service training.
3. The Integrated Science as a subject is included in the curriculum as a core subject in all the schools sampled (prospects)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The science curriculum at any time and place is determined by the existing theories and ideas about the nature of science. Because such theories and ideas have varied from place to place and from time to time, even for the same place; the science curriculum and its introduction have never remained static. Several programmes have been set up in various parts of the world to develop science curriculum and teaching, with an aim to suit the prevailing situation in such areas. As a result of the changing views about science, its content and materials have been subjected to modification in accordance with the reigning theories. In the 1960s the U.S.A, set up a programme called Science a Process Approach (S.A.PA.) which was developed and sponsored by the America Association of the Advancement of Science (A.A.A.S). For the A.A.A.S, science processes should precede the contents that is to say, the programme encouraged a study of the science procedure which would result in the child having the opportunity to develop intellectual skills similarly there were programmes in the United Kingdom, for example, The Nuffield Junior Science and the African Primary Science Programme (A.P.S.P) was based in East and West African.
The relative backwardness of primary education in the Northern states of Nigeria stimulated the consideration by the Federal Government, the governments of the then six northern states, and UNESCO to form a joint project which would improve the quality of primary education (Lassa, 1977:1). Discussion resulting from such moves were held at Zaria between the Institute of Education (A.B.U Zaria), the government of the six Northern states UNESCO and UNESCEF. The outcome of that meeting was the initiation of a programme called UNICEF/UNESCO programme but later became the Primary Education Improvement Project (P.E.I.P).
In June 1970, a writing panel made up of T.T.C. Tutors, ministry personnel and others met to decide on writing syllable and books on science and other subjects. Decisions centred on having a fresh science syallbus which was based mainly on units taken from the African Primary Science Programme (A.P.S.P) but preference was made to the Nuffield Junior Science Programme and materials for science. Later, however, the panel decided to abandon this approach and follow the steps suggested by the Nigerian Educational Research Council (N.E.R.C) through adopting a process approach method similar to that of the American science. A process approach.
By December 1971, the first book titled Primary Science One was instructions for the teaching of 26 lessons. This book centred on activities, which would provide opportunities to practical process type skills such as observation, classification measurement, etc. Brown, (1978:2) and these activities involved both the teacher and the pupils. By 1972, Primary Science one was on trial in 66 piloted schools. A panel meeting in June 1972 established the guideline for primary school three, part of it was written by the end of the year, the whole book being completed by June 1974. Primary science four was produce in 1978. Book four came out in 1976 and book five and six came out in the 1980.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is important while discussing the P.E.I.P to realize as in any other programme of its dimension there bound to many challenges which if not well met will cause the down fall of the programme; for example there could be administrative, financial and manpower challenges.
Integrated science or primary science is identified as a problem approached discipline through which man studies and learns about problems of survival in his environment. The aim of this research is to identify problems leading to poor performance in pupils and teachers in some selected primary schools in Igabi Local Government Area to recommend possible solutions that can help in improving its teaching. In our search for these problems, the following questions are asked:
1. What are the classes that are taught primary science?
2. What is the number of qualified integrated science teacher in your school?
3. How many of these teachers teach integrated science?
4. What are their qualifications?
5. Are the materials used by the teachers (i.e. textbooks) suitable for both the teachers and learners?
6. Are there other teaching aids used by the teachers apart from the textbooks?
7. What methods are used in imparting the knowledge of integrated science to the learners?
8. Do the school provide a special workshop for the teaching of the subject?
9. Is there current and recommended approved primary science syllabus in the school?
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research is aimed at the causes of poor performance in primary science in our primary schools today. Thereby giving necessary suggestions and practical ways by which the instruction can be improved so that its set goals and objectives can be achieved. The researchers decided to choose:
1. L.E.A. Primary School Jaji i.e. child friendly
2. Army Children’s School Jaji
3. L.E.A. Primary School Birni Yaro Tasha
4. L.E.A. Primary School Tudun Wada Rigachikun
For sample studies with the believe to the researchers that this will be of immense help to the integrated science teachers in the classroom and also to the educational planners.
This research work concentrated on four (4) primary schools in Igabi Local Government and its environs.
1. L.E.A. Primary School Jaji – child friendly
2. Army Children’s School Jaji
3. L.E.A. Primary School Birni Yaro Tasho
4. L.E.A. Primary School Tudun Wada Rigachikun
Considering all the problems faced in teaching integrated science, it would require a wide and more detailed research and bigger book than this. Thus, the application of the evidence found is not to be generalized with other schools in the state but restricted to primary schools in Igabi Local Government Area only.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR ACCOUNTING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OKPARA AVENUE)» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The Nigerian stock exchange which started as the Lagos stock exchange Act of 1961, following ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The banking industry has been known for its intermediary role in providing financial assistance (...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The current global economic meltdown which started in late 2007 was as a result of a liquidity sh...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY. At independence, Nigeria joined the committee of nation with the hope for a better tomorrow. We were...Continue Reading »
5. IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF TRAMADOL USE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AKURE SOUTH LGA» Abstract The initiation to drug, alcohol and substance abuse early in life has exposed adolescents to voluntary drug consumption, smoking, drinking an...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Over the years, Nigeria has experienced series of attacks and blast in most region of the country...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The The concept of corporate governance has attracted a good deal of public interest in recent ye...Continue Reading »
8. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF COMMUNICATION BREAKDOWN IN AN ORGANIZATION (A case study of champions breweries Uyo Akwa Ibom State)» ABSTRACT The study intends to determine the importance of communication in enhancing an effective management undertaking which is for the generality o...Continue Reading »
9. EFFECTIVE BUDGETARY IMPLEMENTATION AS A TOOL FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF AKWA IBOM STATE)» ABSTRACT This long essay seeks to outline the possible means at which the constraining factors can be address to promote effective budgeting that will...Continue Reading »
10. FORENSIC ACCOUNTING AS A TOOL FOR FRAUD DETECTION AND PREVENTION (A STUDY OF ENUGU SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL)» ABSTRACT The study examines the effect of forensic accounting as a tool for fraud detection and prevention in an organization. The aim of this study i...Continue Reading »