Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 62 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦7,000
Asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia in pregnancy is a major public health challenge responsible
for significant morbidity and mortality in endemic areas. In areas with stable malaria
transmission like Nigeria, the vast majority of infections with Plasmodium falciparum in
pregnancy remain asymptomatic, undetected and untreated with the attendant major impacts on
the mother and the unborn fetus. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of
asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia and its associated factors among women attending antenatal
clinics (ANC) in a secondary health facility.
The study was conducted at the General Hospital, Nassarawa-Eggon, Nasarawa State, from June
to August, 2014. Two hundred and forty-two pregnant women were recruited after obtaining an
informed consent and a structured questionnaire was administered to each participant.
CareStartTM Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) kits and two thin and thick blood films were used to
identify malaria parasites and estimate density. Haemoglobin levels were estimated using the
packed cell volume (PCV) technique.
A total of 242 pregnant women participated in this study. About half of the women, (48.8%)
were in the reproductive age group of 25 – 34 years,(65. 3%)were civil servants,(34. 3%) had a
primary level of education and (63.2%) were multigravidae. The malaria specie that was
identified in the area was Plasmodium falciparum. The percentage prevalence for malaria
parasitaemia was 22. 7% by microscopy and 25.6% by RDT screening. Age below 25years and
nonusage of LLIN were significantly associated with malaria parasitaemia while primigravidae
and anaemia were not.
The level of asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia revealed in this study was high. Younger age of
less than 25 years had highest risk of malaria parasitaemia. Failure to use LLIN is associated
with an increased risk of malaria infection. Malaria parasitaemia can be responsible for anaemia
in pregnancy and mother to child transmission of malaria. The performance of RDT for malaria
screening in this study is comparable with Microscopy as the Gold Standard for use in our health
facility. The administration of IPT should be intensified and routine diagnosis of malaria
infection should be introduced as part of antenatal care strategy in our health facilities.
Keywords: Asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia, pregnant women, LLIN, Nassarawa-Eggon, Nigeria
1. 1 Background
Malaria is a common parasitic disease, transmitted mainly by female Anopheles mosquitoes.
Globally, 125 million women and approximately half of the world’s population are at risk of
malaria every year.1 Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa.2 However,
Asia, Latin America, and to a lesser extent the Middle East and parts of Europe are also affected.
In 2014, 97 countries and territories had ongoing malaria transmission.3 Seventy percent of
pregnant women in Nigeria suffer from malaria with maternal and foetal complications.4 Among
the different species of Plasmodium parasites, Plasmodium falciparum is the most prevalent
endemic species within the Nigeria sub-region and the most deadly.5
An increased risk of malaria during pregnancy was observed over 60 years ago,6 and besides
young children, pregnant women remain the main high risk group for malaria in endemic areas.7
Frequency and severity of malaria are greater in pregnant women, than in non-pregnant women,8
and causes serious adverse effects including abortion, low birth weight and maternal anaemia.9
Incidentally malaria infection is more rampant among the primigravidae and secundigravidae
than the Multigravidae.10
In areas of high or moderate transmission, most malaria infections in pregnant women are
asymptomatic and infected women therefore do not present for treatment.11The clinical
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» Chapter 1 Introduction. Aging is a silent process whose consequences are difficult to anticipate. It creeps insidiously on people with some of the eld...Continue Reading »
2. EXAMINING THE DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL FACILITIES, A CASE STUDY OF KARASUWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, YOBE STATE.» .0 INTRODUCTION: Health service research is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infir...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Logistic management deals with planning and control of both public and private sectors. Generally...Continue Reading »
» SUMMARY Job satisfaction refers to how well a job provides fulfilment of a need or want or how well it serves as a source or means of enjoyment. The p...Continue Reading »
5. INCIDENCE OF GASTRO-ENTERITIS AMONG CHILDREN 1 – 5 YEARS MALALI LOW-COST KADUNA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT KADUNA STATE» ABSTRACT The study was designed to determine the incidence of gastro enteritis in Danwaire Street Kaduna South Local Government of Kaduna State of Nig...Continue Reading »
6. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS» ABSTRACT Introduction Health care workers (HCWs) are at a high risk of needle stick injuries and blood borne pathogens, such as HIV, and Hepatitis B a...Continue Reading »
7. PATTERNS OF SMOKING AND HEALTH RISK PERCEPTION OF OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTHS IN SELECTED MOTOR PARKS IN OSHODI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT The impact of smoking and tobacco use on health cannot be over emphasized. Cigarette smoking remains a gigantic public health problem and is ...Continue Reading »
8. ASSESSMENT OF UTILIZATION OF POSTPARTUM CARE SERVICES AMONG WOMEN IN WEBUYE WEST, BUNGOMA COUNTY, KENYA. CLAIRE LUSENO OTUNGA» ABSTRACT Postpartum care is an important link in the continuum of care for maternal health. The postpartum period is critical because most maternal de...Continue Reading »
» SUMMARY Malaria infection during pregnancy is a major health problem with substantial risks for the mother, fetus and the neonate. In Nigeria, malaria...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Occupational Health is defined by the Joint Committee of International Labour Office and the World Health Organisation as &ld...Continue Reading »