AN APPRAISAL OF LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR BROADCASTING INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMMISSION (NBC)

AN APPRAISAL OF LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR BROADCASTING INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMMISSION (NBC)

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ABSTRACT

Broadcasting Organisations are not perceived as watch-dogs of the society promoting transparency, accountability and good governance for socio-economic and infrastructural development. Works of Broadcasting Organisations are generally construed in narrow term confining its works to the propagation of government policies and programmes. This problems still prevails despite the need for change that necessitated for paradigm shift in the role of Broadcasting organisation. An objective of this dissertation is to educate and enlighten the public on the roles of Broadcasting Organisations toward promoting unity, peaceful coexistence, transparency and accountabilities, socioeconomic and infrastructural development for good governance in Nigeria. Using the doctrinal method of research the dissertation bring out the role of Broadcasting Organisations in the 21st century in Nigeria. The dissertation found that Broadcasting organisation become agents of disseminating government selfish interest which contribute to lack of credibility among Nigerians. The Nigerian Broadcasting organisation should change towards performing it duties as watch-dog of the society to ensure sustainable development and the legislature should amend laws that hinders the operations of Broadcasting Organisations. Broadcasting organisation should channel their activities towards disseminating the voices of common man for solutions to their problems. It should also served as link between the government and the people towards peaceful and sustainable development devoid of selfish interest.

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1            Background of Studies

Communication plays critical roles in our society, ever since the invention of language, man has evolved socially, politically and technologically in leap and bounds. It is convincible that the society would not achieved sustainable development without communication, as human society development and become so complex so do nature and role of communication.

It become apparent that the society was not a monolithic but a conglomeration of conflicting interest and concerns, on the one hand you have the ruling class on the other hand you the rest of the society which was subdivided into smaller group.

Mass media is the channel of communication which is divided into two, the broadcasting organisations and the press but dissertation would focused on broadcasting organisations.

Broadcast     is     to     disseminate    information    through     mechanical    means, simultaneously to a wide area and heterogenous audience made up individual within and outside a society.1

Broadcast law is the field of law that pertains to broadcasting. These laws and

regulations pertain to radio stations, Television stations and are also considered to

1 Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary 8th edition University Press, p.178 1


include closely related services like cable TV, cable radio as well as satellite radio and satellite TV.

National Broadcasting Commission was established to regulate Broadcasting

Industry which pave way for private entrepreneur to express ideas and experiences that will enrich his life and help him live in a complex dynamic life.

The legal instrument, the Decree2     that established the National Broadcasting

Commission has provides for its functions and the National Broadcasting

Commission Act takes cognizance of the development in the industry regarding technology operators and attempts to regulate the industry to meet the socioeconomic, political, technological and operational dictates of the society.

It is probably not contentious to say that one of the most highly valued of the

fundamental liberties guaranteed to members of a free and democratic society is the freedom of expression. The liberty to comment freely and publicly on matters of common concern is in alienable right of membership of a free society. The liberty of discussion is the right to make critical observations and useful suggestions without at the same time subverting the continued existence of the governing authority.3 The right to make comment has as its correlative, a duty not to subvert where the consequence of a comment is an incitement to change the government and the means advocated for it must adhere to the legitimate methods prescribed by the society itself.

The liberty of discussion is guaranteed within these limits in the interest of the

state and the citizen. This is why the constitution of the federation provides that everyone is entitled to freedom of expression, including freedom to hold opinion and to receive and impact ideas and information without interference.4

2 Decree 38 of 1992

3 Gani F., Nigerian Press Law, (1969), Nigerian Law Publication Ltd. Lagos, Nigeria p. 67 4 S.39(1) of


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