Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 48 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The spread of the HBV in Nigeria has posed a lot of threat to health and well being citizens in Nigeria. It is evident that about a third of the world’s population, approximately 2 billion people gets infected with hepatitis B virus in their life time. About 360 million people remain chronically infected carriers of the disease, most of whom are unaware of their HBV status and about 20% - 30% of whom will eventually die from chronic sequel. The prevalence of HBV infection varies from country to country, depending upon a complex behavioral, environmental and host factors. Chronic HBV can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma after 20 years among persons with chronic HBV infection; the risk for premature death from cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma is 15% - 25%.
Hepatitis B is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the liver and is caused by infection by the hepatitis B virus. According to (WHO, 2002) stated that hepatitis may be caused by drugs or viral agents; these viral agents include the hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H viruses. Hepatitis B is one of the world’s most serious health problems. More than a billion people around the world have serological indicators of past or present infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV).
According to (White and Fenner (1994), Platkov et al (2001), Carriapa et al (2004), Fernandez et al (2006), Onuzulike and Ogueri (2007)) in their research stated that Over 300 million people are chronic carriers of the virus. The fast spread of HBV shows that is very communicable.
It is evident according to (WHO, 2002) that HBV infection can be transmitted from mother to child (vertical), contact with an infected person (horizontal transmission), sexual contact (homosexual and heterosexual transmission) with infected partners, exposure to blood or other infected fluids and contact with HBV contaminated instruments
HBV control measures include vaccination, education, screening of blood and blood products; and treatment (CDC, 2005).
According to (Anderson and May, 1991) stated that epidemiological models help to capture infection or disease transmission mechanisms in a population in a mathematical frame-work in order to predict the behavior of the disease spread through the population.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
What really instigated the study was the massive spread of HBV in Nigeria and most of the African countries. Several efforts has been put in place by the federal government of Nigeria and world health organization (WHO) through the ministry of health in Nigeria to combat HBV.
Secondly mathematicians all over the world have come with up with several model to help solve the model and simulate the spread of HBV; there have been a lot of failed model.
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
The main aim of the research work is evaluate the modeling and simulation of the spread of HBV with infectious latent. Other specific objectives of the study include:
1. To find the existence and uniqueness of the solution to the model
2. To carry out sensitivity analysis on Ro to ascertain which parameter that is most sensitive and that should be targeted by way of intervention.
3. To examine the local stability of the model equation using the modified implicit function theorem
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the above stated objectives. The research questions are stated below as follows:
1. How to find the existence and uniqueness of the solution to the model?
2. How to carry out sensitivity analysis on Ro to ascertain which parameter that is most sensitive and that should be targeted by way of intervention?
3. How to perform the local stability of the model equation using the modified implicit function theorem?
1.5 SIGNIFICANT OF STUDY
The study on modeling and simulating of the spread of HBV disease with infectious latent will be of immense benefit to the ministry of health of Nigeria, the World health organization (WHO) and other researchers that wishes to carryout similar research on the above topic as it will discuss the local stability of the model equation using the modified implicit function theorem and also sensitivity analysis on Ro to ascertain which parameter that is most sensitive and that should be targeted by way of intervention
1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY
The study on modeling and simulation of the spread of HBV disease with infectious latent will cover the areas of local stability of the model equation and implicit function theorem
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
HBV: Hepatitis B virus is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. The virus is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR HEALTH EDUCATION FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY All over the world the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficienc...Continue Reading »
2. THE ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON IMMUNIZATION AMONG THE COMMUNITY MEMBERS IN ABAKWA, UNGWAN SHANU WARD OF KADUNA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA ...» ABSTRACT This research work is designed to investigate the role of health education on immunization Abakwa, Unguwan Shanu ward of kaduna north local g...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background Adequate dietary intake and appropriate eating habits are important factors in the promotion and maintenan...Continue Reading »
4. SANITATION PRACTICES AND IMPLICATION ON STUDENTS HEALTH (Case Study Of Enugu State College Of Education (Technical) Enugu)» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY: World Health Organization defined sanitation as the means of collecting and disposing excreta and community l...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in the body. The abnormal cells are ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood and as these adolescents prepares t...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT The study involved the investigation of the causes, effects and remedi of drug abuse among pregnant women with reference to Winners clinic, L...Continue Reading »
8. KNOWLEDGE OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN ISI-UZO L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE» ABSTRACT This study investigated the knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases among secondary school students in Isi uzo Local Government Area of En...Continue Reading »
9. AN ASSESSMENT ON THE INCIDENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN KARGI ROAD, SABON GARI TUDUN WADAD KADUNA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA KADUNA STATE» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens. It is generally believed that the...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Teenage pregnancy has been existing in the society for long, hence is not a new issue. The incidence of...Continue Reading »