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Strategic planning process determines the long-term objectives of an organization by developing and implementing decisions is critical for the survival of most institutions. Financial performance of small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria has been found to be affected by strategic planning processes. This research purposed to study the impact of strategic planning on financial performance of small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria. The current research made use of a descriptive survey design. The population consisted of all the registered small and medium scale enterprises operating in pel-extra industry, Lagos, Nigeria, 90 of them was sampled out for the study. Primary data was used in this research work. The primary data was collected through questionnaires. Raw data was analyzed majorly by way of inferential, descriptive, and frequencies techniques. Results from the study indicated that mission and objectives, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy evaluation all had an impact on financial performance as indicated by majority of the respondents. Correlation results also indicated that mission and objectives, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy evaluation were positively associated with financial performance. Regression findings indicated that mission and objectives, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy evaluation were statistically significant predictor of financial performance. The researcher concluded that mission and objectives, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy evaluation did have an impact on financial performance and that mission and objectives was an important determinant of financial performance in small and medium scale firms in Nigeria. As a suggestion for further studies, another study on strategic planning process can be done in a different sector like the private sector, manufacturing sector, agricultural sector, etc. to find out whether there will be consistency in findings and results.
1.1 Background of study
Strategic planning is defined as unified, comprehensive and integrated plan design to ensure that the basic objectives of an enterprises is achieved, it also known as long-term planning simply defined as the formal process of determining long, medium and short-term objectives and goals of an industry and how to achieve them.
Enterprises employ strategic planning on financial planning of varying degree of completeness.
Sexton and Auken identify four levels of strategic planning in small and medium enterprises as: strategic planning at zero level (i.e no strategic planning) strategic planning at level 1 (i.e. knowledge of sales but not profit) strategic planning at level 2 (i.e knowledge of sales but not profit) and strategic planning of level 3 (i.e knowledge of sales and profit and adopting measures to achieve the projected sales and profits).
On a variety of financial performance strategic planning measures for both medium and small scale enterprise. These studies have been undertaken especially those of small firms have drawn conflicting conclusion by saying that strategic planning provides structure for decision making helping small and medium scale enterprises manager take a long-term view.
It is a highly value tool that is usually employed by successful and best-managed business enterprises throughout the world it is a plan of business enterprises reveals it’s objectives, purpose, goals and patterns of and defines the range of business the enterprises is to pursue.
Planning is the fundamental function of management, it is the formal process of setting objectives and determining the means of achieving objectives.
Strategic planning is a process by which some one can envisioning future and develop the necessary procedures and operations to impact and achieve that future.
Strategic planning consists of set of underlying processes that are intended to create or manipulate a situation to create a more favourable outcome for an industry.
Industries, however appear to gain more because they can derive considerable benefits not only from adaptive thinking but also from integration and control.
Small scale enterprises can derive considerable benefits from adaptive thinking but probably gain less than large firms from integration and control aspects of strategic planning.
The effectiveness of strategic planning can be measured in terms of the extent to which it impacts organizational performances which affect it’s survival rate. Pel extra industry will be use as case study.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Business firm needs strategic plans to set direction for themselves in order to outperform competitions, exploit opportunities and circumvent through threatening environment.
It is an annual process and considered a very import enterprises activity. It can be considered a longitudinal study because it examines a set of institutions to identify changes in their performance over time.
Strategic planning is one of the most misunderstood and poorly used tools in many organizations with detailed plan created arduously over months at great effort only to gather dust and languish after they have duly acknowledged and then filed away.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
Strategic planning is important on financial performance of an enterprises.
The purpose of these study are as follows:
(1) To examine the extent in which strategic planning intensity determined managerial and environmental factors.
(2) To determine whether there is a link between strategic planning and organizational survival.
(3) To ascertain whether strategic planning implementation enhance organization return on investment.
(4) To determine whether strategic planning enhance better organizational probability.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
In order to achieve the objective of the study the following question will be addressed.
1. To what extent does strategic planning enhance better organizational profitability?
2. To what extent does strategic planning intensity determine by managerial and environmental factor?
3. Is there a link between strategic planning and organizational survival?
4. To what extent does strategic implementation enhance organization return on investment?
To provide answers to the research questions the following hypotheses will be tested.
H01: Strategic planning has no significant impact on SMEs profitability
H2: Strategic planning has a significant impact on SMEs profitability
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study embraces the strategic planning on financial performance in small and medium scale enterprise. It covers primary objectives in strategic planning like the quality objective timeless and reliability objectives.
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
A study like this is suppose to make a theoretical and practical contribution to strategic planning. It would provide basis for closer search of the methodology and practice of strategic planning in small and medium scale enterprises it will try to answer the question of what is to be done, how it should be done and when it should be done. This research study will stimulate further research into other aspect of strategic planning and how it will aid the financial performance of an enterprise.
1.8 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study shall be carried out among junior, senior and management of financial aspect of Pel-extra Industry Lagos State, in order to ensure a balance response.
However it is pertinent to state that such content as: Inadequate time, unavailable resources and some other things for the study might limit the scope of the study
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