Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
This study was intended to study language of feminism and its impact on the society. This study was guided by the following objectives; to identify how Mariama Ba uses language to portray feminism - the reaction of females against the oppressive and discriminatory culture experienced by them - in her novel So Long a Letter. The study findings revealed that the language of feminism impacts on the society.
Background of Study
The struggle for women’ right began in the 18th century during the period of intense intellectual activity known as the Age of Enlightenment.
In traditional Africa the woman is an object of constant scorn, degradation and physical torture. In the past, women did not exist as individuals with personalities to defend. They rather existed as mere docile and exotic accompaniments to the males. Throughout that period, women lacked a voice to articulate their dilemma and their points of view. They, thus, accepted their fate without resistance. Such passive stance results from societal conditioning through questionable cultural practices. From birth, through childhood and adolescence, to adulthood, Africans receive from society and others around the messages and feedbacks which launch them into roles and behaviors considered appropriate for males and females respectively. Most often, female are accorded inferior roles and such long years of cultural suppression and intimidation, unfortunately, misled the women into an underestimation of their capabilities and self worth. Encased in such a cultural mystique, the African women were particularly driven by a community sense since culture obviates individualism. In those days, these women, in addition to experiencing the same oppressive social condition as their male counterparts in a developing world, were subjected to extra repressive burdens arising from the socio-cultural structures of patriarchy and gender hierarchy. These years of subjugation have, however, produced in today’s women relentless questioning of the status quo. They protest against dehumanization, political enslavement and social oppression. They rationalize that the running of the Africa world is not the preserve for males and thus there should be absolute equality of both sexes in all spheres of life. Such a reaction is termed feminism, which is an ideology that urges, in simple terms, recognition of the claims of women for equal rights with men.
According to Cora Kaplan (162) Literary text are constructed from within ideology, and the reality they articulate is dependent on the historical culture which surrounds them; so too are the literary critical claims about their truthfulness or authenticity determined by the culture from which they arise. Helen Chukwuma (xiv) specifically contends that African feminism is dedicated and informed from within, from social realities that obtain. One of such realities is the persistence of sexist socio-psychological paradigm despite the efforts to overcome “the androcentricism which informs social life”. (Uko, 33)
The persistent sexism in Africa is, however, matched with women’s continued aggressive demand for equal places in men’s former citadel of power and privilege. The chorus African women say to men “whatever the case maybe, you will never again hear us pronounce the words of the Virgin Mary, ‘thy will be done’ while smiling at your despotic power”. (Josephine Felicite in Moses, C.G. and Rabine, L. 308-309). They argue that it is better for men to desire from them those noble and generous feelings which must exist between equals than those mercenary feelings which a slave has for his master. Consequent upon this quest and argument, there is a recent definition of womanhood in the context of the African cosmic order: “A human being endowed with all the capabilities and talents required to effectively function and make impact on all levels of life within society” (Adeife Osemeikhiam, 21).
Notwithstanding the above stance, there still abounds in Africa, evidence of gender stereotypes which simply means a collection of commonly held beliefs or opinions about what are “appropriate” behaviors and activities for males and those that are “appropriate” for females. As a result of this, even though men support women’s condemnation of their (women) societal deprivations, men’s language still betrays subtle inclination to sexist socialization.
The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, Sexism is exemplified firstly as attitudes and institutions, often unconscious that judge human worth on the grounds of gender or sex.
It is explained as prejudice or discrimination usually against women, based on their gender. Sexist socialization, therefore, refers to the process by which infants and children are brought up to imbibe attitudes and practices that discriminate against women on the grounds of their gender.
This work examines So Long a Letter with a view to highlight its characteristic language usage and as well as the psychological disposition that informs such use of language. Research findings by anthropologists, educationists and sociolinguistics show that traditionally, males use non-standard language; females use the language of rapport while males use the language of report; discursive language style is meant for women while men are given to the language of theories and abstractions; females use polite language meant to maintain harmony and strong relationship as well as to keep conversations open whereas males use the language of assertiveness and insistence. Women use the language of solidarity but men use the language of the expert.
Statement of the Problem
Men in Africa make women understand that they, the men, are the head of the family that is, they are superior to women. They see women as being weak and as a result, women have no say in the activities of the community. They have no rights and are subjugated to do whatever he the men want them to do especially in Africa. Women are made to feel inferior and this breeds some sort of ill feelings in women.
Objective of the study
The aim of this is to identify how Mariama Ba uses language to portray feminism - the reaction of females against the oppressive and discriminatory culture experienced by them - in her novel So Long a Letter.
Significance of the Study
The topic Language in Feminist Literature: a study of Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter, will serve as a good research material to students and other researchers.
This work will throw more light on the language of feminism and its impact to society.
Scope of the Study
This project is restricted primarily to the study of the Language in Feminist Literature in Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter.
What is the impact of language of feminism on the society?
What are the ways language of feminism can be improved ?
The primary material of this work is Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter while the secondary materials include the various works from the library.
Limitation of the study
The major limitation of the study is the time taken to study the novel.
Definition of terms
Feminism: the advocacy of women's rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes.
Language: the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
Society: the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR LINGUISTICS FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» ABSTRACT This long essay focuses on the pragmatics study of selected political posters imprinted in the pages of selected newspapers. It seeks to iden...Continue Reading »
» Abstract This research examines the theme of propaganda in some of the contemporary Hausa songs which are composed with foreign musical instruments su...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT This work examines the verbs of planting and harvesting in Khana language spoken by the Warife community in Oruk Anam Local Government Area o...Continue Reading »
4. FAMILY AND SOCIETY IN OLA ROTIMI’S OUR HUSBAND HAS GONE MAD AGAIN AND ZULU SOFOLA’S WEDLOCK OF THE GODS» ABSTRACT The deplorable condition in which Victims of International Crimes are faced with has been a major concern to the ICC. Hence, in its preamble ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Current thinking on the global role or status of the English Language reveals that English is...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Language and style never moves beyond a concentration on the supremacy of words. These words somehow contain meanings, style is effectively l...Continue Reading »
7. SYNTACTIC PROBLEMS AMONG IGBO SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH (A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES)» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUTION English and Igbo Language belong to two different families of language. English belong to the Germanic group of the indo E...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Comparative Analysis compares two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor feature by feature, in order to extrapolate ba...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Language plays an important role in the society and this leads to the study of code mixing in relation to sociolinguistics and how code mixed...Continue Reading »
10. INFLUENCE OF LOCATION AND GENDER ON PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED MOTOR SKILLS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN AWKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ANAMBRA S...» ABSTRACT The study explored the influence of location and gender on performance of some selected motor skills among Secondary Schools in Awka South Lo...Continue Reading »