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1.1 Background to the study
Performance measurement in practical and theoretical areas has received increasing attention in recent years. Beyond the limits of management accounting literature, several areas have contributed to the development of current knowledge, namely, organizational theory, operations and production management, strategic management and finance. However, most of these areas have been studied in isolation, resulting in fragmented and disparate results.
Organizational effectiveness (OE) is one of the most studied problems since the development of organizational theory (Rojas 2000). Despite some consensus, there is still a significant lack of agreement on the definition and implementation of this concept (Cameron 1986). As a more recent area of research, management accounting relies on these unstable fundamentals to develop performance measurement models. The purpose of this article is to close the gap between the OE models developed in the field of organizational theory and the performance measurement models found in the management accounting literature.
Today, we are witnessing an impressive amount of research studies on descriptive and normative traditions, highlighting various characteristics of training programs, as well as their costs and benefits for professional organizations (Becker and Gerhart, 1996). ). At the same time, organizations have better understood the importance of training for their survival in knowledge-intensive markets and unstable markets of the time. They increasingly recognize the profitability of developing their human resources through various forms of training (Berge, 2001); Salas and Cannon-Bowers, 2001). The human resources capital of any organization plays an important role. Training and recycling help strengthen employees (Khan and Khan, 2011)
Despite the obvious importance of training, the enormous expansion of the content of training programs over time has been largely taken for granted. Some human resources departments rarely question the need and relevance of training a particular employee at any given time. Often, there are unrecognized reasons why employees are sent for training. Mourdoukoutas (2012) discovered that some of the organizations that neglect employee training do so due to the enormous cost of training and the fear of losing these employees after training them. To show the importance attached to employee training, Nigerian Bottling Company has a training school and Coca-Cola Bottling Company occasionally organizes on-the-job or off-site training. Despite this, the human resources departments of these organizations still face challenges in the selection of employees for training. In order to contribute to the possible improvement of employee training in non-alcoholic beverage bottling companies in particular and in manufacturing companies in general, research has been launched to study the effects of employee training on performance organizations in relation to employee training processes and challenges. The Human Resources Department faced the selection of employees to train, with reference to the employees of the Nigerian Bottling Company and Coca-Cola Bottling Company, 9th Mile Corner, Ngwo, Enugu.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The perception of employees in training has a greater impact on the success of any organization. If employees are satisfied with the organization's training policies, this will have a positive impact on the productivity of the organization. The perception or attitude of employees is transformed into a positive or negative behavior. How do employees view the training policies of the organization's employees? How seriously does management take the training policy of your organization? Some see training and development as a waste of time and resources that would have been used in the production of goods and services that will generate profits for the organization. Sometimes, fear that an employee may leave the organization after training affects employee training and sometimes makes it unplanned and unsystematic.
The procedure and process generally adopted by some human resources departments in the identification of those employees who require training are worrisome. Employees sometimes go to training for personal reasons that include enriching themselves; preparing for other positions in other organizations; power / politics game; because he/she knows the person in charge of the training and not necessarily because there is a gap of identified skills that must be filled through the training. Many times, the Human Resources Department does not conduct training needs assessments. The criteria for selecting employee training should be systematic and without prejudice. You must follow an established procedure to ensure that the right candidates are sent to the training to achieve a positive effect on the performance of the organization.
It was found that previous researchers have focused on the importance and benefits of training and no study has been conducted on the challenges faced by human resources departments of soft drink bottling companies in the selection of employees for training. To fill this gap, the researcher is forced to conduct a study on the effect of employee training on organizational performance, with a focus on processes and procedures to identify skill gaps, training design and style of delivery and the perception of employees towards training in soft drink bottling companies in the state of Enugu.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main objective of the study is to investigate the impact of measuring employee's performance on organizational growth. However, specific objectives of the study are as follows:
1. To ascertain the extent to which selection procedure of employee for training affects organizational productivity.
2. To determine the extent of effect of training design on employee productivity.
3. To find out the relationship between employee perceptions of training and organizational productivity.
1.5 Research Hypotheses
To achieve the objectives of this study, the following hypotheses were formulated for testing.
Ho: Selection procedure of employee for training does not have a high effect on organizational productivity.
Hi: Selection procedure of employee for training has a high effect on organizational productivity
Ho: There is no substantial relationship between employee perception of training and organizational productivity.
Hi: There is a substantial relationship between employee perception of training and organizational productivity.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The significance of this study cannot be over-emphasized and can be viewed from the following perspectives.
1. The study will help the top management in taking strategic decision that affect training and development for the overall growth of the industry;
2. Members of Staff of the two manufacturing industries to be used as case study will have adequate knowledge as to the importance of training and why it is necessary that they are trained from time to time;
3. The study will help the Human Resource Department in proper planning and execution of training and development programmes;
4. Future researchers will also find this work very useful as reference materials for further studies;
1.7 Scope and limitations of the Study
The study focused on the impact of measuring employee's performance on organizational growth. The study was delimited to training and development programmes, employee training design and delivery style, post-training performance evaluation of training on organizational performance.
The geographical scope of the work is Enugu State in the South-east of Nigeria. The only two soft drinks manufacturing companies located in Enugu State were chosen for the study. They are: Nigerian Bottling Company Plc and Coca-cola Bottling Company Plc.
The field work for this research was conducted between August and September, 2018.
The following constraints were encountered in the course of this work.
1. Lack of reliable data: The Respondents’ unwillingness to give out available and reliable data was major constrain in the course of the study.
2. Dearth of Research materials: The researcher was constrained in the search of research materials. Most current books and journals on the related area are not free, and so the researchers was limited to those materials she could afford.
3. Measure used to collect data: Secondary data would have been more appropriate for the post-evaluation analysis, but because it was difficult to separate and link percentage (%) increase in turnover to employee training, primary data was used.
4. Self-reported data: Self reported data was a major limitation of the study, because it rarely can be independently verified. The researcher had to take what the respondents said at face value.
Nonetheless, with available data and judicious use of the limited resources, reasonable analysis was carried out to ensure that research findings add up to the body of knowledge.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Training: Training could be seen as an Organizational effort aimed at helping an employee to acquire basic skills required for the efficient and effective execution of the function for which he/she is hired for.
Development: This is a programme designed to provide new ideas and concepts that may be useful for present and future specification/response which take care of professionals and managers.
Planning: Is a strategy by which Organization ensures that right number of employees with the right talent/skill occupy the right position of the Organization. It is a deliberate effort put in place to attain a target goal.
Efficiency: This refers to an input-output relationship that is maximum work achieved for a minimum time or result. It is a notion of ‘Optimization’ whereby maximum satisfaction is obtained for a given out lay of resources.
Effectiveness: This is referred to how frequently and perfectly human or machine are able to carry out a task leading to a required output that always resulted to an Organizational efficiency. Effectiveness is therefore a means to an end”.
Organization: This is referred to as two (2) or more people working together in a co-ordinated manner to attain group results.
1.9 Organization of Study
The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literatures, while the chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
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