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The study was carried out to identify the effects of parental influence has on the child's learning and his future life, endeavour of student in Awka south Local Government Area of anambra State. A student population of 50 student drawn from five Secondary School in Awka south Local Government Area randomly selected was used for the study to each student questionnaire was administered and answer offered were collated and analysed. The result obtained from the study show that, illiterate parents have little or no time to their children's education children from educated home background show more interest in education lack of motivation and parents forcing them to do their will. It was also found out that only few students are interested in their parent's occupation. Discoveries from the study reveals that illiterate parents have no interest in their children academic growth, parents are not a factor influencing the choice of career among their children. Furthermore, there is no significant different between children from educated home towards Education of given the necessary motivation. This is due to the fact that a consideration number of children live without parental support, as in orphans, children living in the streets, displaced and refused children who on account of the poverty of their parents are subjected to inhuman and sadistic ordeals. This reduces their desire to learn as it happens frequently in Awka south Local Government Area of Anambra State.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In our society today, students confront a complex and quickly evolving society. It has been accounted for that paying little mind to incredible exertion set forth by families, government agencies and non-government agencies, numerous young people experience challenges in the progress from the world of school to that of work (Atchoarena cited in Pilot and Regis, 2012). Exploring and better understanding the factors that add to career choice is a theme of repeating enthusiasm for our schools today. To guide students in their career decision making, socio-demographic factors assume a focal part in this long lasting procedure (Pilot and Regis, 2012). These variables incorporate family, school, career choice program, media and associates. In this examination, the influence of family will be explored.
Family involvement was observed to be the most critical indicator of career choice in gender orientation occupations (Salami, 2006). Family involvement alludes to the degree to which the parents or relatives are associated with the career designs of young people (Salami, 2006). As indicated by Kniveton (2004), the family can give data and direction specifically or by implication, to impact a student’s career choice . For instance, parents offer fitting help for certain work related decisions which have a tendency to take after their own (Small and McClean, 2002). Family inclusion additionally incorporates the degree to which parents give consolation, responsiveness, endorsement and monetary help in issues concerning the career choice of their young people (Salami, 2006). Young men are formed and prepped into stereotypic manly careers and are given more status in the family (Grant, 2004). In any case, Carter and Wojtkiewicz (2000) contend that female students get more consideration from parents than male offsprings. They credit the parents' conduct to the present accentuation on instructive fulfillment for females students recognize parents as the most grounded effect on career and course choices (Barnett, 2007). Teachers can't supplant the impact parents have on their children's career choices. Research demonstrates that parents and parental figures impact student’s career choice s (Muthu-krishna and Sokoya, 2008) with the mother being the most compelling individual the youthful converses with concerning career decision (Otto, 2000). Moms were refered to as especially compelling in light of the fact that they offered help that facilitated the kids' anxieties about career (Hairston, 2000).
In our society today, parents are the ones that sustain, raise, advance and support the physical, passionate, social, scholarly and career improvement needs of thes tudents. They fill in as noteworthy translators for offspring of data about the world and students' capacities (Pitol and Regis 2012). The students on their own part tend to look for assistance from parents to figure out how to decipher reality. The dependence constantly gives parents certain chances to have effect on the advancement of their kids' future, yearnings and career choices. Sufficiently dismal, the analyst observed that parents because of some individual contemplations neglect to assume this crucial part well. This is on account of they move from the kid's interest and capacities to some personal factors peculiar to them in achieving choices. This circumstance turns into an issue when the parental perspectives vary remarkably from the career expectations of their kids. At the point when this happens, it may result to career decision conflict.
According to (Ngesi, 2003) Conflict is a piece of all nature and frameworks including the parents and the young people in connection to their decision of career. Career decision strife amongst parents and students from the researcher's view point happen when there is a contradiction amongst parents and their student over the career they pursue. This is experienced when the flexibility to settle on a decision of a career by young people isn't generally permitted by their folks. It additionally emerges when a parent weights a student toward a specific career only to ensure that the pursue his/her career aims. Otto (2000) observed that parents' explanations behind implementing their own career objectives on the students is on the grounds that they trust they know more than the students and the career they select for their kids will be in all likelihood the best for them. In addition, parents in their narrow minded pride view certain careers as more lofty than others and would need to be viewed as parents whose tyke is in that career. In many cases, parents who possessed and set up a fruitful career/business in a specific field like prescription law, drug store, and so forth would need their kids to take after that same career with the goal that they can pass it on to them notwithstanding when their children might not have the bent for such career (Grant, 2004).
Since Career play a very fundamental and significant role in the life of the individual not only because they determine the pattern of income but also because they affect the individual personality and concepts in life, career therefore is a choose pursuit, life work or success in one's profession occupied by a person throughout his/her lifetime. In a nutshell, career is the totality of work one does in his life time and is person centred it is of utmost importance to every individual as he or she prepares for the future Career his life will rely upon it.
Her (2003) demonstrated that, career is the totality of experience through which one finds out about and gets ready to participate in function as a major aspect of his method for living ' Splete (12001) Stress career is a getting a charge out of process that happens over the life expectancy and incorporates homes, schools and group. Each person needs to do one occupation or the other to encourage contribute his statement to the advancement of the nation.
Ipaye (2000) alludes to the requirement for one to talk about with one's companion school advisors, parents and teachers on the need to pick a life expectancy function as "career tradition" or "career gathering". Be that as it may, career tradition as indicated by him is an instrument of career data. This happens for various reasons, which incorporates:
· To stimulate career thinking and widen occupational horizon.
· To focus attention on particular jobs in order to help an individual crystallizes his preference.
· To create a situation in which parents can on one hand meet employers and discuss the opportunities they offer and on the other hand meet the career teachers or career officers with whom they can exchange views.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
This research is based on the effect of parental influences on the choice of career among secondary school students in Awka south Local Government Area of Anambra State. The parents may desire what they think is good or best for their ward.
This may affect the child positively if the child can cope with it but negatively when such a child has other things in mind, which he/she wishes to do. The result of this is that the child may not concentrate on the parents needs and so may not adjust positively towards the career. This sometimes leads to students waywardness, secrete cult involvement, armed robbery and so on. The child may not cope with the parents continual force against his/her will.
The world is marking such drastic demand upon the coming workers every truthful man and woman every teaches and reflecting parents is planning way to fit the students for the life and needs of this new century. This statement which is still relevant today was written by Mejer Bloomfield in his book ‘finding ones place in life in (2007) since the early 2000 career development or vocational guidance at it was then known has increasingly gained more and more attention and respect in essence career counselling is a specialty within the profession of counselling one that fosters vocationally development and work adjustment of individual abilities interest and goals with the work roles structured by the community and occupation organised by companies and assist a developing and deciding individual to make suitable and viable choice why examine the factors affecting career choice on senior secondary school students, in the past and even now for many. It was assumed that on individual going through late adolescent would be developing their independence and slowly eliminating his or her family’s constraints as he or she formed his or her own identity into the larger word in effect the person would make career decision based on his or her own interest research and occupational goals with limited influence from others. Infact even when young adult move away from home, their family will likely still have a strong influence upon them on two significant life events marriage and their career.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among students in Awka south Local Government Area of Anambra State.
Specifically, the study sought to:
1) Find out if the involvement of the parent in the students choice of career is significant.
2) Determine if parent’s involvement aid in the students choice of career
3) Determine the extent to which the socio-economic status such as educational qualification of parent influences students’ career choice significant.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
The research question which the study attempt to verify are as follows:
1) Is the involvement of the parent in the students choice of career is significant?
2) Does parent’s involvement aid in the student’s choice of career?
3) Is the extent to which the socio-economic status such as educational qualification of parent influences students’ career choice significant?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
1) HO: involvement of the parent in the students choice of career is NOT significant
2) HO: the extent to which the socio-economic status such as educational qualification of parent influences students’ career choice IS NOT significant
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The findings of this study have both theoretical and practical significance. Theoretically, the findings of the study support Donald Super’s theory of career choice and conflict theory.
Practically, the findings of this study are of immense benefit to the following group of persons; school career counselor, parents, students, ministry of education and further researchers. For the school career counselor, the findings will sensitize them to organize career workshops, seminars, and conferences for both parents and their senior school children to create awareness among them about career, their roles and ways of minimizing conflict in the choice of career. Additionally, information from this study can help the career counselor to be mindful of parental factors as a vocational problem that should be put to check in making a career choice. It will also sensitize the counselors to conduct placement services at the senior school level carefully and properly to avoid any anticipated conflict from both students and parents.
The findings of the study provide information for parents. Such information will help them to endeavour to find out where the interest, aptitude, abilities potentials and values of their children lie before suggesting career options for them. The outcome of this study will assist students in a special way to develop self-knowledge of their career goals and how to make the right choice of career in life.
The findings of the study also provide information that will guide students to seek for proper career education on how to make right career choices and plans.
It is expected that the findings of this study will sensitize the Ministry of Education to develop a broader and more valid vocational inventories in line with the new curriculum (9:3:4) which will cover the career aspirations of students and their parents and translate into successful vocational out comes that will minimize conflict
Finally, it is hoped that this study will add to the existing body of educational research literature, which might be harnessed for further research in this and other related fields.
1.7SCOPE OF STUDY
This work is concerned with the study of parent’s socio-demographic factors as a determinant of career choice conflict among senior secondary school students in awka south LGA anambra state. The level of the students for the study is SSI students. The student population for the study was also limited to awka south because it is the area of the researcher’s interest.
1.8DEFINITION OF TERMS
- CAREER - A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one's professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.
- INFLUENCE- The power of acts by which parents or a person has to control the desire of another.
- CHOICE: An act of choosing between two or more possibility. The right to choose or the possibility of choosing.
- FACTORS: One of several thing that cause or influence something or somebody to include as particular fact or situation when you are thinking about or planning something.
- EFFECTIVE: Producing strong feeling of sadness and sympathy.
- COUNSELLING: This is the process where a troubled or a confused person is helped by a professional to solve his problem and to make better adjustment to his society.
- GUIDANCE: This is the process of helping the student to understanding himself and his environment in other to develop self defectiveness.
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