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1.1      Background of the study

National population commission was formerly known as national population board/it was inaugurated by military regime on April, 22 1988 with a three ijeur mandate to conduct a national census. The inauguration ceremony was performed by the former vice- president, Admiral Augustus Aikhomu. The commission had alhaji shehu musa as a chairman. After the inaugurations and mandate national population commission was assigned the responsibility of enumerating the nations population periodically – through census and sample survey among other function there staff are made up professional expertise of demographers, statisticians, public relation practitioners, contograhens and computer experts put together to make a success of a head count. The national population commission (NPC) is a corporate body with perpetual success it operates like an independent ministry of the federal government with the chairman as the chiey executive- it reports directly to the president and enjoys autonomy on census related matters. 1991 census was conducted and the figure according to 1991census was about 88.9m for the nation. Hence national population commission (NPC) Enugu state headquarters had the following function to perform and this was applicable to every other NPC office throughout the 36 state of the federation the functions one as follow. a) Undertake the enumeration of the population of Nigeria periodically through census, sample survey or other wise.  b) Establish and maintain machinery for continuous and universal registration of birth and death throughout the federation c) prepare and maintain a national frame work for delineation exercise for census and sample surveys, d) collect collate and publish data on migration statistics, e) research and monitor the national population policy and set up a national population data bank, f) arrange for the appointment and training of enumerators and all other categories of staff of the commission, g) provide information and data on population for purpose of facilitating national planning and economic development, h) advice the federal government on any population and related programmers and problem. Etc


Productivity was the underlying impetus of the federal government resolve to undertake the police of some public corporation. Non- chilling attitude to work contributed to low productivity output and this study affected our economy –for the purpose of this study, it is weak because the management staff one weak as well, they have not fully utilized the tool of motivation to improve the efficiency and productivity of the work force. The management staff are having difficult times in coping with employees ignoble attitudes of lateness work as mentioned earlier, informal relationships with visitors and staff during official homes of work, leaving official post without permission to attend to other personal business engagement, international misplacement or permanent loss of personal file for dubious motives-mutilation and impropriation of account, carrying out personal works and sale of personal items in offices low out due to non- chalet attitude to work removal of official document blue pint files and drawings and making  same available to external bodies in exchange of money, destruction of office equipment. There is irregularity payment of salaries non provision of certain basic staff welfare services like free medical services transportation, and abandonment of social responsibilities and monthly deduction of money from work salaries in name of transporting accountant to Abuja before salaries could be payed to workers. And other motivation variable by the management of national population commission Enugu head office. There lay credence to kludge’s opinion that “it is lack of motivation on the part of management that brings inefficiency and productivity hence the title-of this study, impact of motivation on the productivity of workers in national population commission (NPC) Enugu headquarter.


The following objectives are set by the research to admirer

(i) To investigate the reason for employee unhappiness at work

(ii) To find out why employees show little interest in management policies and programmers.

(iii) To find out the reasons for employee non- challent attitudes towards the want on damage to and lose of offices equipment.

(iv) To investigate the effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters.


For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher; 

H0: there is no reason for employee unhappiness at work. 

H1: there is reason for employee unhappiness at work.

H02: there is no effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters.

H2: there is effect of motivation on workers’ productivity in the national population commission Eungu headquarters


The finding of this study would certainly be useful to management in the office of motivation population commission Enugu headquarter. These in private sector economy would also evadible themselves of the study as a guide to the formulation of policies relation to employee welfare. The research work would also provide a database for future research in employee motivation and would also be useful addition to the motivation already existing in the library. The study would also be of immense significances to the readies will be able to realize the importance of motivation in an organization and how it helps the production of employee in the private and public organization. The research of work would also help the management in formulation of strategies of their employee thereby making them more productive. Improvement in productivity is the focal point of this study and this hinges on the level of motivation workforce. To the government generally, this research work would assist them in for-casting and periodically reviewing their various policies and plans as they affect the moral upliftment of the entire work force for effective utilization. The concept “motivation “ as a management technique for increased productivity has for so many years generated extensive discussions, research and arguments. Nevertheless, it still holds universally, that provision of motivation devices to employee could guarantee lasting organization harmony and high productivity.


The scope of the study covers the impact of motivation on productivity of workers. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

 a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study 

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities. 


MOTIVATION: Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs. Motivation is also one's direction to behavior, or what causes a person to want to repeat a behavior.

PRODUCTIVITY: Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. A productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input

WORKER:  A person who does a specified type of work or who works in a specified way, a person who achieves a specified thing


This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study   

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