ASSESSMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN IKOT ABASI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA (A CASE STUDY OF EDEMAYA CLAN, IKOT ABASI)

ASSESSMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN IKOT ABASI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA (A CASE STUDY OF EDEMAYA CLAN, IKOT ABASI)

  • The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
  • Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
  • Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
  • Full Access Fee: ₦5,000

Get the complete project » Instant Download Active

ABSTRACT

Rural development is aimed at improving and expanding physical facilities towards enhancing the quality of life and standard of living of the people. Population size is an important factor in rural development. When government provides social amenities, communities with large populations are usually favoured because it is more economical and viable to establish social amenities in populous communities with large demand for goods and services. Education is a powerful instrument for the development of man and the community. Rural roads are important elements in rural development as roads facilitate all aspects of development: agriculture, health, education, forestry, fisheries, small scale industries, trade and commerce. Efforts to cause rural welfare must necessarily go beyond the traditional and limited approach of raising per capita income through agricultural development projects to the provision of rural basic needs: health and medical facilities, rural transportation, facilities, electricity, pipe-borne water and schools. The provision of these infrastructures will ensure integrated rural development that entails the promotion of rural productive activities, supportive human resources development and enlargement of enabling rural infrastructure. The survey design used is structured research instrument and data was collected using questionnaire, direct observation, interview and photographs. The population of the clan is 50,492 with a sample size of 397 persons using proportional sample. Data collected were analyzed using multiple linear Regression analysis with the formulation of one null hypothesis and alternate hypothesis, the null hypothesis Ho: was used to test the non significant level of relationship between the standard of living (income status) and rural development while the alternative hypothesis H1: was used to test the significant level of relationship between standard of living (income status) with rural development. Testing the regression analysis, from the table of F-distribution, (17 under 5 at 5%) is 2.8. Since the calculated value is higher than the table value, the null hypothesis is rejected and the alternate hypothesis is accepted. It has been found out that some rural developments indicators under investigation are absent the available ones are not sufficient and dilapidate. Based on the study the level of rural development is low and it is recommended that population of the rural communities should be an essential factor in considering infrastructural facilities, services and utilities provision and the rural planners should be actively involved in planning of the rural communities for sustainable rural communities, rural development agencies should come up with  rural development programmes to improve the standard of living of the clan and government should build  a strong  rural development policies and ensure to their implementation in the rural area.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

      CHAPTER                      TITLE                                                            PAGES

Title Page        -           -           -           -           i

Declaration      -           -           -           -           ii

Certification    -           -           -           -           iii

Dedication      -           -           -           -           iv

Acknowledgements    -           -           -           v

Abstract          -           -           -           -           vi

Table of Contents       -           -           -           vii

List of Tables -           -           -           -           xi

List of Figures -           -           -           -           xii

List of Plates   -           -           -           -           xiii

List of Appendices     -           -           -           xiv

.

         CHAPTER ONE:   INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background of the Study       -           -           -           -           -           -           1

                     

1.2              Statement of Research Problem          -           -           -           -           -           3

1.3              Research Questions     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           4

1.4              Aim/Objectives of the Study  -           -           -           -           -           -           4

1.5              Research Hypothesis   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           5

1.6       Justification of the Study       -           -           -           -           -           -           5

1.7              Significance of the Study       -           -           -           -           -           -           5

1.8              Scope and Limitation of the  Study   -           -           -           -           -           6

            CHAPTER TWO: STUDY AREA

2.1       Geographical Location            -           -           -           -           -           -           7

2.2       Geology and Soils       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           11

2.3              Climate            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           11

2.4              Vegetation      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

2.4.1    The People      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           13

2.4.2    Culture           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           13

2.4.3         Population      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           13

2.5          Natural Resources       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

2.5.1    Agricultural Resources            -           -           -           -           -           -           14

2.6          Commerce       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

2.7       Tourism          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           14

CHAPTER THREE:    REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND                                                 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

3.1       Critical Infrastructure that influence Rural Development      -           -           16

           

3.2       The Level of Rural Development       -           -           -           -           -           17

3.2.1    Highlight of the Rural Underdevelopment State of the Nigerian Rural Area 20

3.2.2    Poor Performance Level of Local Government System        -           -           23

3.2.3           The Level of Rural Water Development       -           -           -           -           23

3.2.4    Poor Funding -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           24

3.3       Impediments to the Current State of Rural Development      -           -           24

3.3.1    Ineffective Implementation of Rural Development Policies,

            Projects and    Programmes    -           -           -           -           -           -           25

3.3.2      Poor Commitment of the Political Representatives -           -           -           26

3.3.3        The Administrative inefficiency of the Local Government Area       -           27

3.4       Effects of Rural Underdevelopment  -           -           -           -           -           27

3.5       How to Improve the Level of Rural Development     -           -           -           29

3.6       Conceptual Framework           -           -           -           -           -           -           33

3.6.1    The Concept of Social Planning         -           -           -           -           -           33

3.7       Theoretical Framework           -           -           -           -           -           -           34

3.8       Summary of Literature Review          -           -           -           -           -           35

3.9       Gaps in Knowledge which the Study seeks to fill     -           -           -           37

CHAPTER FOUR:  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

4.1       The Research Design -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

4.2       Data Required             -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

4.3       Sources of Data          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           43

4.4       Method of Data Collection     -           -           -           -           -           -           43

4.4.1    Questionnaire -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           43

4.4.2    Direct Observation     -           --          -           -           -           -           -           43

4.4.3    Interview         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           44

4.4.4    Photographs    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           44

4.5       Population  Projection             -           -           -           -           -           -           44

4.6       Stratified Random Sampling Technique         -           -           -           -           45

4.7       Sample Size     -           -           -           --          --          -           --          -           45

4.8       Sampling Procedure    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           46

 

4.9       Field Data Collection Procedure        -           -           -           -           -           46

410      Dependability and Validity of Data   -           -           -           -           -           46

4.11     Data Analysis -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           47

CHAPTER FIVE:     DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND                                                     DISCUSSION

5.1       Questionnaire Administration  -         -           -           -           -           -           48

5.2       Research Question One          -           -           -           -           -           -           52

5.2.1    Research Question Two          -           -           -           -           -           -           52

5.2.3    Distribution of Markets in Edemaya Clan      -           -           -           -           55

5.2.4    Location and Distribution of Health Facility in Edemaya Clan         -           57

5.2.5    Distribution of Nursery/Primary Schools in Edemaya Clan   -           -           58

5.2.6    Distribution of Secondary School in Edemaya Clan -           -           -           59

 

5.3       Research Question three         -           --          --          -           -           -           60

5.4       Direct Observation      -           --          -           --          --          -           -           60

5.4.1    Rural Electrification    -           -           -           --          -           -           -           61

5.4.2    Rural Water (Borehole)           -           -           -           -           -           -           63

5.4.3    Rural roads and Bridges         -           -           -           -           -           --          63

5.4.4    Interview with Key Informant           -           -           -           -           -           66

5.5       Regression Data          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           67

5.6       Null Hypothesis Testing         -           -           -           -           -           -           68

5.7       Discussion of Findings           -           -           -           -           -           -           72

            CHAPTER SIX:       SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND                                                                       RECOMMENDATIONS

6.1       Summary         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           75

6.2       Conclusion      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           75

6.3       Recommendations      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           76

References      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           77

Appendices     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           80       


LIST OF TABLES

TABLE

TITLE

PAGES

4.1

Dependent Variable Definition and  Unit of  Measurement

40

4.2

Independent Variable Definition and  Unit of  Measurement   -           -           -           -           -           -


You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply







You can find more project topics easily, just search

Quick Project Topic Search