COMPARATIVE STUDY ON LOGIT AND PROBIT MODELS IN THE PREDICTION OF BRONCHO-PULMONARY DYSPLASIA STATUS OF INFANTS

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON LOGIT AND PROBIT MODELS IN THE PREDICTION OF BRONCHO-PULMONARY DYSPLASIA STATUS OF INFANTS

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  • Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
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ABSTRACT

Broncho Pulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) is a form of chronic lung disease that develops in preterm

neonates treated with oxygen and positive-pressure ventilation. The disease affects premature

babies and contributes to their morbidity and mortality. This research seeks to fit and compare

the predictive powers of Logistic Regression (Logit) Modeland Probability Regression (Probit)

Model in tracking infants’ BPD status using gender and weights at two different time intervals.

The data used for the analysis were samples of 50 infants drawn from an underlying population

of children with low birth weight (g) from Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria.

The children were confined to a neonatal intensive care unit, where they require intubation

during the first 12 hours of life, and they survive for at least 28 days and their weights measured

four weeks later. The results obtained found explanatory variables (weight at birth, weight after

Four weeks of life and gender) used to be significantly associated with the occurrence of BPD in

infants and suggested that, Probit fits BPD data more than Logit. It is therefore recommended

that Clinics should adopt the use of the probit model fitted by this research to detect prevalence

of BPD among infants so that adequate measures for prevention and control can be put in place

early enough to signal the danger of the full manifestation of the disease.


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