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Cervical cancer is an important women‟s reproductive health problem. It is a preventable disease of significant public health concern especially in developing countries. It is the third most common cancer worldwide and the second most common cancer and leading cause of death from cancer among women in developing countries.
A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed in the Gynaecology clinic, Minna General Hospital, from January to March 30, 2013. To determine the prevalence of premalignant lesions in cervical smears, to assess the knowledge, and risk factors of cervical cancer and to determine the uptake of screening among women of child bearing age group among women attending Gynaecology clinic in General Hospital Minna. Data were analyzed with Epi-info V 3.5.3 Analysis at 95% confidence interval, 5% significance level. Univariate analysis applied include frequencies, means. proportions, while bivariate analysis include the calculation of prevalence odds ratios, analysis for association between cervical abnormalities and selected exposure factors, Fisher‟s exact test for statistical significance.
A total of 108 pap smear samples were collected and questionnaires administered to each of the participants, Of the participant 14 (13.9%) 95% CI (0.8-21.9) had pap smear with abnormal findings. The abnormal cytological results were low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) seen in 12 (11.11%) with 2 (1.9%) human papilloma virus (HPV) effects. Out of which 17(16%) had inflammation, Majority 72 (66%) of respondents reported having heard about cervical cancer, out of which 77 (71%) of respondents had heard about cervical cancer screening, 74 (68%) knew Pap smear test as the only screening method while 67(62%) of women did not have knowledge on the risk factors for cervical cancer. Uptake was low only (5) 4.6% have had cervical cancer screening prior to the study.
This study showed prevalence of abnormal positivity of 14(13.9%) 95% CI (0.8-21.9) which is consistent with previous reports of the prevalence of abnormal cervical smear in women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The age pattern was notable, with the highest prevalence among women ≥ 49 years. Intense public health campaign be conducted on a recurring basis; providing cervical cancer education with emphasis on its aetiology, risk factors and methods of prevention.
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SIMILAR PUBLIC HEALTH FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. CONSEQUENCESOFDISCLOSUREAMONGADULT PEOPLELIVING WITHHIVREGISTEREDATGENERALHOSPITALIKOTEKPENE, AKWAIBOMSTATE,NIGERIA» SUMMARY HIV/AIDS is a disease of public health concern with 36.7 million people living with the disease worldwide. Sub Saharan Africa accounts for 70%...Continue Reading »
2. PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOFT SOAP FROM LOCAL POTASH (NGU) OR CAUSTIC POTASH LABORATORY OR COMMERCIAL GRADE LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The metal salts of the high molecular weight organics acids that occurs in fats as esters are called “soap” s...Continue Reading »
3. SERUM MINERALS, LIPIDS AND LIVER ENZYMES IN HIV POSITIVE SUBJECTS RECEIVING HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY (HAART).» ABSTRACT The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has significantly improved life expectancy among HIV positive individuals. H...Continue Reading »
4. ASSESSMENT OF THE UTILITY OF SEROLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS AMONG PATIENTS WITH PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading single microbial illness globally, with one third of the world’s population infected with Mycobac...Continue Reading »
5. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES & PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH HIV/AIDS TRANSMISSION & PREVENTION AMONG INMATES OF KADUNA CONVICT PRISON, KADUNA STATE» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome, which is a disorder cause by the Human Immune Deficiency Vir...Continue Reading »
6. DETERMINANTS OF ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE AMONG 12-23 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN OF NOMADIC POPULATION IN AKWANGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, ...» SUMMARY Routine Immunization coverage is generally low in several parts of Nigeria especially the northern region. It is even lower among people who l...Continue Reading »
7. ASSESSMENT OF UTILIZATION OF POSTPARTUM CARE SERVICES AMONG WOMEN IN WEBUYE WEST, BUNGOMA COUNTY, KENYA. CLAIRE LUSENO OTUNGA» ABSTRACT Postpartum care is an important link in the continuum of care for maternal health. The postpartum period is critical because most maternal de...Continue Reading »
8. PREDICTORS OF INFANT-SURVIVAL PRACTICES AMONG MOTHERS ATTENDING PAEDIATRIC CLINICS IN IJEBU-ODE, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT Despite concerted global efforts made towards infant survival, infant death lingers as a huge problem in developing countries. Environmental ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) is greatly concerned with the provision of quality health care for everyon...Continue Reading »
10. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND ADHERENCE TO RECOMMENDED INFANT FEEDING BY HIV-INFECTED MOTHERS IN ABUJA» SUMMARY HIV has direct effect on child nutrition, the choice of Infant and Young Child Feeding in the context of HIV has significant effect on optimal...Continue Reading »