LOCAL GOVERNMENT CAPACITY IN MANAGING THE EDUCATION AND HEALTH RELATED MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS PROGRAMMES IN KADUNA AND ZAMFARA STATES, NIGERIA

LOCAL GOVERNMENT CAPACITY IN MANAGING THE EDUCATION AND HEALTH RELATED MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS PROGRAMMES IN KADUNA AND ZAMFARA STATES, NIGERIA

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

There is a growing expectation for increased access to Basic Education and better

health care services the world over. Indeed, people demand more and better services for their

education and health care systems. These increasing demands for better education and health

care services call for concern among policy makers at various levels, particularly at the local

level where the bulk of the people live. Thus, the need to scale-up the performance of the

education and health care systems become paramount, so as to match the growing

expectations of the people.

It is in view of these growing demands for increased access to basic education and

better health care services that the United Nations (UN) General Assembly called for the

Millennium Declaration that resulted in the birth of the Millennium Development Goals

(MDGs). The Declaration was signed in September, 2000 by 189 member nations at UN

headquarters, including Nigeria. The MDGs is an eight- goal time bound programme, with 21

targets and over 60 measurable indicators that are supposed to be met by the year 2015 (UN,

2006). Specifically, five of the goals are targeted at education and health related issues. They

are; achieving Universal Basic Education (UBE), eliminating gender disparities in education

at all levels, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and combating HIV/AIDS,

malaria and other diseases. The rest of the goals are development related; eradication of

extreme poverty and hunger, ensuring environmental sustainability, and finally developing

global partnership for development (UN, 2006).

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The Local Government being a government at the grassroots level which is closest to

the local people is expected to enhance the achievement of basic, protective and

infrastructural service delivery better than the central government. A national public opinion

survey (Lewis, 2000) shows that citizen rating of government performance on service

delivery was higher for local government compared to national government. The survey

responses suggest that perception of performance is affected by proximity. These demonstrate


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