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1.1 Background of the study
Nigeria is blessed with abundant material and human resources, Nigeria should have been a safe haven for its teeming citizens and ought to have achieved the highest standards of living for its citizens in the world Yet, poverty, penury and illiteracy remain pervasive in the country and these socio-economic woes persist due to the prevalence of hydra-headed and endemic corruption perpetuated since the country’s independence in 1960. This has continued in geometrical progression till date. This ugly monster called corruption has marred every significant step taken to better the life of Nigerians. A release on October 21, 2006 by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) puts the cost of corruption in Nigeria since independence in 1960 at 220 billion pounds (N85000 billion). According to Daedulus , “that is to say that the money the past leaders of Nigeria have stolen in a 40 years’ time could have recreated the beauty and glory of Western Europe six times all over in the country. Majuk observed that the nature and character of corruption in Nigeria is endemic, cancerous and has defied all solutions. Burke’s words state thus: corruption “manifestations” and influence have been the “perennial spring of all prodigality and all disorder; it has loaded Nigeria with more than trillions of debt; taken away rigour from its arms, wisdom from its councils and every shallow of authority and credit from the most vulnerable parts of its constitution. Contributing to this, Nwaobi argues that “corruption has undermined good governance, fundamentally distorts public policy, leads to misallocation of public resources, harms the private sector and particularly hurts the poor”. Igbuzor sums it up that “in short, corruption cost lives”. We argue that corruption has persisted due to the wrong strategies and approaches adopted by various administration to tackle the menace. This study aims at appraising the EFCC strategies in combating corruption under Buhari’s led administration. However, the reverse has been the case. Every meaningful step taken to better the life of Nigerians is marred by corruption. To borrow from the words of Burke, Corruption ‘manifestations’ and influence has been the ‘perennial spring of all prodigality’ and of all disorder; it has loaded Nigeria with more than trillions of dept; taken away vigour from its arms, wisdom from its councils, and every shallow of authority and credit from the most vulnerable parts of its constitution (Burke cited in Edwards, 1977). Corruption has undermined good government, fundamentally distorts public policy, leads to the misallocation of public resources, harms the private sector and particularly, hurts the poor (Nwaobi, 2006). The problem of corruption as observed by Majuk (2004) has defied all solutions. This perhaps, has been so because of the wrong strategies and approaches employed by various administrations to tackle the menace. This work aims at appraising Buhari’s strategy in combating corruption in his first eight months in office. For better appreciation, an epochal synopsis of corruption manifestation shall be examined.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Majuk observed that the nature and character of corruption in Nigeria is endemic, cancerous and has defied all solutions. Burke’s words state thus: corruption “manifestations” and influence have been the “perennial spring of all prodigality and all disorder; it has loaded Nigeria with more than trillions of debt; taken away rigour from its arms, wisdom from its councils and every shallow of authority and credit from the most vulnerable parts of its constitution. This make the researcher wants to investigate the irony of Nigeria’s fight against corruption: an appraisal of president mohammadu Buhari’s first eight months in office
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
1. To ascertain whether the administration of president Buhari really fighting corruption
2. To ascertain the causes of corruption in Nigeria
3. To ascertain the relationship between Buhari’s administration and fight against corruption
4. To ascertain whether president Buhari was fighting corruption in the first eight months
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no relationship between Buhari’s administration and fight against corruption
H1: there is relationship between Buhari’s administration and fight against corruption.
H02: president Buhari was not fighting corruption in the first eight months
H2: president Buhari was fighting corruption in the first eight months
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study, which is primarily aimed at explaining the irony of Nigeria’s fight against corruption: an appraisal of President Mohamadu Buhari’s first eight months in office, will provide an insight into the problems associated with fight against corruption in Buhari’s administration. This report would be of great benefit for Buhari’s administration, to expose them to the fight against corruption. The findings will be useful for researchers to further generate knowledge in the field
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the irony of Nigeria’s fight against corruption: an appraisal of president mohamadu Buhari’s fight eight months in office. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
IRONY: The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
CORRUPTION: Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit.
OFFICE: An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done, but may also denote a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it; the latter is in fact an earlier
APPRAISAL: The main purpose of appraisal is to give the appraise the opportunity to reflect on their work and learning needs in order to improve their performance. This can be achieved through discussing their development and feedback on their job performance in a way that is constructive and motivational.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
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