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This study examined the role of economic and financial crime commission (EFCC) in the fight against corruption with reference to Kaduna North Local Government Area, Kaduna state as a case study. Four objectives and four research question were used to guide the study. A survey research design were used for the study in which 21 itemized questionnaire were distributed to the 120 respondents who are the staff members of Kaduna North Local government Secretariat Magajin-Gari, Kaduna out of 120 questionnaires distributed only 105 were returned fully filled. The findings of the study revealed that EFCC has played major roles in the fight against corruption in Nigeria. It participated in the arrest and prosecution of high profile corruption case in the country. The establishment of EFCC do not reduce the cases of corrupts practice in the country. It also funds out that the corruption led to social problems in the country. It was recommended among other things that the EFCC and other anti-corruption agencies should be empowered and granted obsolete autonomy to handle cases related to political corruption.
1.1 Background of the Study
The saying that ‘corruption is rampant in Nigeria’ is to over flog the obvious. Corruption in Nigeria, as it presently manifested can be appropriately termed endemic or systemic. Corruption is an effort to secure wealth or power through illegal means for private benefit. Corruption like cockroaches has coexisted with human society for a long time and remains as one of the problems in many of the world’s developing economies with devastating consequences. Corruption as a phenomenon, is a global problem, and exists in varying degrees in different countries (Agbu, 2003).
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) is a Nigerian law enforcement agency that investigates financial crimes such as advance fee fraud (419 fraud) and money laundering. The EFCC was established in 2003, partially in response to pressure from the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF), which named Nigeria as one of 23 countries non-cooperative in the international community’s efforts to fight money laundering. The agency has its head office in Abuja.
Acts of speculator incompetence have affiliated the EFCC under both Ribadu and Farida Waziri as well as immediate former EFCC Chairman Ibrahim Lamorde most egregiously, the EFCC under Ribadu failed to appeal a 2007 legally tenuous court ruling that purpoted to bar the EFCC from investigating alleged crimes by former Governor of Rivers State Peter Odili. That ruling effectively derailed what could have been the commission most important case. Ribadu never publicly explained how or why this happened and it was on his watch. For her part, Waziri says she was never looked into the reasons why the EFCC allowed that case to be derailed and has made no progress in overturning the ruling in the case (Dike, 2011).
Not all the EFCC’s failure are its own fault. However, there are enomous institutional hurdles to any honest effort to prosecute corruption in Nigeria. At a fundamental level, Nigeria’s political system continues to reward rather than punish corruption when ruling party chieftain Olabode George emerged from prison in 2011 after serving a two-and-half years sentence following a landmark EFCC prosecution, he was treated to a rapturous welcome by members of Nigeria’s political elite including former President Obasanjo and then Defence Minister Ademola Adetokunbo. The message was unmistakable proven criminality is no bar to the highest echelons of politics in Nigeria (Shehu, 2016).
This research work will therefore looks at the problems undermining the roles of EFCC in the fight against corruption with reference to Kaduna north local government area, Kaduna state from 2012 to 2016.
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem
Corruption is found in democratic and dictatorial politics, feudal, capitalist and socialist economies. Christian, Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist cultures are equally bedeviled by corruption. Corruption practices did not begin today, the history is as old as the world. Ancient civilizations have traces of widespread illegally and corruption. Thus, corruption has been ubiquitous in complex societies from ancient Egypt. Israel, Rome and Greece down to the present (Lipset & Lenz, 2000). This does not, however, mean that the magnitude of corruption is equal in every society some countries are more corrupt than others! As George Orwell notes in his widely read book, Animal Farm: All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.
In Nigeria, it is one of the many unresolved problems (Ayobolu, 2006) that have critically hobbled and skewed development. It remains a long-term major political and economic challenge for Nigeria (Sachs, 2007). It is a canker to political/bureaucratic corruption or Systemic corruption (International Centre for Economic Growth, 1999). World bank studies put corruption at over $1trillion per year accounting for up to 12% of the Gross Domestic Product of nations like Nigeria, Kenya and Venezuela (Nwabuzor, 2005).
A corruption is endemic as well as an enemy (Agbu, 2003), it is a canker worm that has eaten deep in the fabric of the country and has caused stunted growth in all sectors (Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC, 2005). It has been the primary reason behind the country’s difficulties in developing fast (Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC, 2006). This is evident that Transparency International has consistent rating of Nigeria as one of the top three most corrupt countries in the world (Ribadu, 2003).
In Kaduna North local government of Kaduna state, the activities of EFCC helped in uncovering high profile cases of corruption in the local government administration in 2012, the EFCC beam its light on the financial activities of the local government in which to the questioning of some political office holders of the local government. This research work will investigate the roles of EFCC on the fight against corruption using Kaduna North Local Government Area as a case study.
1.3 Research Questions
The study will be guided by the following questions:
i. What are the roles of the federal government of Nigeria in fighting corruption?
ii. How corruptions affect the growth and development of Nigeria?
iii. What are the roles of EFCC in the fight against corruption in Nigeria?
iv. What could be the significant effect of EFCC on future political leaders?
1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
The aim of this research is to examine the role of EFCC in the fight against corruption in Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna state. The aim will be actualized with the following objectives.
i. To examine the roles of the federal government of Nigeria in fighting corruption.
ii. To show how corruption affect the growth and development of Nigeria
iii. To analyze the role of EFCC in the fight against corruption
iv. To examine the significant effects of EFCC on future leaders
1. Corruption might effects the roles of the federal government of Nigeria.
2. There is significant effect between corruption and growth and development of Nigeria.
3. There might be positive result between EFCC and the fight against corruption in Nigeria.
4. There might be significant effect between EFCC and the future political leaders.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study is very significant because it would be useful in increasing the effective as it portrays positive ways to help our dear nation.
1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study
This research work will focus on the role of EFCC in fighting corruption in Nigeria. Researcher will use Kaduna North Local Government as a case study. EFCC is an anti-graft agency that was established during the regime of Former President Olusegun Obasanjo in the year 1999. Also, it will discuss the level of participation of EFCC in fighting corruption and show cases how corruption affects the growth of Nigeria, negatively.
The researcher was not with sufficient funds to travel to various places and agencies there are responsible for the corruption acts in Nigeria. But was able to get relevant information from the responses for the purpose of the week.
The main limitation of the study is response of the respondents, that is, most of the respondents were really angry in responding to the issues concerning corruption in the land, most especially, this time of recession. Thus, they over reacted to the questionnaire given to them.
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