Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 46 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
1.1 Background of Study
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the motile parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis). Trichomoniasis is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in young, sexually active women (Garber, 2005). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that its prevalence ranges from 170 million to 190 million cases worldwide each year (Gross and Tyring, 2011).
Humans are the only known host of T. vaginalis. Unlike many protozoan parasites, it possesses trophozoite form and lacks the cyst stage. Transmission occurs predominantly via sexual intercourse. The organism is most commonly isolated from vaginal secretions in women and urethral secretions in men (Workowski and Berman, 2006). Trichomoniasis can also be spread vertically from mother to baby during childbirth 5% of the time (Trichomoniasis. org., 2009).
Women with Trichomoniasis may experience various symptoms, including a frothy yellow-green vaginal discharge and vulvar irritation. Men with Trichomoniasis may experience nongonococcal urethritis (Francis et al., 2008).
A number of studies have highlighted the fact that at least 80% of T. vaginalis infections are asymptomatic. However, even asymptomatic infections are a public health concern. In addition to the risk of transmission to sex partners, T. vaginalis infection has been associated with as much as a 2.7-fold increase in the risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquisition, a 1.3-fold increase in the risk of preterm labour, infertility and a 4.7-fold increase in the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (Poole and McClelland, 2013), prostate cancer (Sutcliffe et al., 2006) and cervical cancer (Gram et al., 1992).
Trichomoniasis is thought to be widely underdiagnosed due to a variety of factors, including a lack of routine testing, (Van der Pol, 2007) (the low sensitivity of a commonly used diagnostic technique (wet mount microscopy), and nonspecific symptomatology.
Self-diagnosis and self-treatment or diagnosis by practitioners without adequate laboratory testing may also contribute to misdiagnosis (Krieger et al., 1988).
1.2.1 General objectives:
To determine occurrence of T. vaginalis infection among infertile women in Osamenyi, Nnewi LGA, Anambra.
1.2.2 Specific objectives:
1. To identify T. vaginalis infection among infertile women.
2. To investigate risk factors that may contribute to Trichomoniasis infection in infertile women in Osamenyi, Nnewi LGA
3. To compare clinical symptoms with molecular diagnosis of Trichomoniasis in the study area
As sexually transmitted diseases are considered a socially sensitive topic and rarely searched in our area and as Trichomoniasis is considered the most common parasitic sexually transmitted disease worldwide, it is important to estimate true prevalence of the disease using accurate methods. In addition, as Trichomoniasis was not studied among infertile population, this is the first study to estimate prevalence of T. vaginalis infection among infertile women in Osamenyi, Nnewi LGA based on molecular techniques.
Furthermore, this study investigates the risk factors that may predispose to T. vaginalis infection especially in our community.
1.4 Scope of Study
The study was aim at determining the prevalence of trichomonas vaginalis on females in Osamenyi in Nnewi local government area, Anambra state. The study was major on unproductive or infertile women in the study area.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR NURSING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. FACTORS MITIGATING AGAINST FAMILY PLANNING AMONGST WOMEN IN RURAL COMMUNITIES A CASE STUDY OF OBIBE EZENA COMMUNITY, OWERRI, NORTH, IMO STATE» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to Study Family planning is one of the most ―health promoting‖ and cost effective activities in public hea...Continue Reading »
» Abstract Patients perception about service quality shapes their confidence with regard to use of the available health care facility. This study assess...Continue Reading »
3. POSTPARTUM HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OF MOTHERS AT 12 WEEKS AFTER VAGINAL AND CAESARIAN DELIVERY IN SELECTED HOSPITALS IN ENUGU, NIGERIA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Childbirth is an experience full of change, enrichment, and challenge for couples and the family unit...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONETHE PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT TOWARDS CESAREAN SECTIONINTRODUCTIONBACKGROUND OF STUDYPregnancy as...Continue Reading »
5. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PATIENTS’ AND NURSES’ PERCEPTIONS OF NURSE CARING BEHAVIOURS IN TWO TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN JOS» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Caring is when a loving and kind gesture is demonstrated by a person as he or she functions to promot...Continue Reading »
6. DIABETES A LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IN NIGERIA, HOW NURSES THROUGH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION COULD INCREASE DIABETES AWARENESS AMONG NIGERIANS» ABSTRACT Diabetes is a non communicable disease that has attained great significance in the sub Saharan region, with Nigeria being the most affected. ...Continue Reading »
7. ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF MIDWIVES’ INTRAPARTUM CARE AND WOMEN SATISFACTION IN SECONDARY HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE N...» ABSTRACT Majority of the high maternal morbidities and mortalities in sub Saharan Africa occur around the intrapartum period. These morbidities and mo...Continue Reading »
8. NON ADHERENCE TO MANAGEMENT REGIMEN AMONG ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS ATTENDING OUTPATIENT CLINIC OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPIT...» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Poor adherence to prescribed protocols of long term therapies is a pervasive and costly problem in th...Continue Reading »
9. KNOWLEDGE OF THE EFFECT OF REGULAR PELVIC FLOOR EXERCISES ON MATERNAL HEALTH AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to Study Exercise has become a vital part of many women’s lives. Although many women still prefer to eng...Continue Reading »
10. KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS HIV VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING AND TESTING AMONGS STUDENTS IN OSUN STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ILESA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Globally about 70 million people have been infected with HIV virus while 35 million people have died ...Continue Reading »