ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENT NURSES/MIDWIVES IN KADUNA STATE COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY KAFANCHAN

ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENT NURSES/MIDWIVES IN KADUNA STATE COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY KAFANCHAN

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  • Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
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  1.1   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The incidence of breast cancer has been observed to be rising at the alarming rate, among the fast growing group of Sub-Sahara African including Nigeria. Research has show that breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death among women in developed and over developed countries studies has shown that the percentage of women who know to perform breast self-examination is very low, that pose a point of concern in the health sector and organisation recommended breast self-examination as an alternative cost effective, screening method of women about the age of 20 years.

In College of Nursing and Midwifery Kafanchan, most of the female student are above the age of 20 and therefore may be prone to breast cancer.

Therefore the researcher was motivated to carry out this research work to ascertain the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among female student nurses/midwives of college of nursing and midwifery Kafanchan

1.2     OBJECTIVE OF THEA STUDY

1.     To determines the level of knowledge towards breast self-examination among female student nurses/midwives in college of nursing and midwifery Kafanchan.

2.     To find out the attitude of female student nurses/midwives towards breast self-examination in College of Nursing and Midwifery Kafanchan.

3.     To determine the practice of breast self-examination among female students nurses/midwives in college of nursing and midwifery Kafanchan

1.3     SIGNIFIACANCE OF THE STUDY

          The study would serve as a programme support and answer to the call for more research into the measure to prevent breast cancer among female student nurses/midwives and the nation at large the finding shall be useful for student nurses/midwives and other health providers in the planning of health talks, information dissemination as well as health educating people in the society.

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.     What is the level of knowledge of female student nurses/midwives toward self breast examination? In College of Nursing And Midwifery Kafanchan?

2.     What are the attitude of the student Nurses/Midwives toward Self Breast Examination in College Of Nursing and Midwifery Kafanchan?

3.     What extend is self breast examination practiced among the student’s nurses/midwives in college of nursing and midwifery of kafanchan?

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

          This study is limited to only female student Nurses/Midwives in College of Nursing And Midwifery Kafanchan.

1.6     DEFINITION OF TERMS

Knowledge: Information or awareness gained through experience or education.

Attitude: This is a way of thinking or beliefs which influence the determination of series of behaviour towards objects, persons, or the environment.

Practice: The usual way of doing something.

Breast: Two organs on a woman’s chest which produce milk during and after pregnancy.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living being.

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials.

Breast Cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self and physician examination of the breast.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and in some cases to metastasize (Spread).

Cancer Symptoms:  Abnormal sensation or conditions that persons can notice that are a result of a cancer.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, heart, and part of the aorta.

Cure: To heal, to make well, to restore to good health

Discharge: The flow of fluid from part of the body

Ligament: A tough band to connective tissue that connects various structures.

Menopause: The time in a woman’s life when menstrual periods permanently stop.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony.

Pectoral Muscles: Muscles of the anterior chest (The front of the chest).

Post Menopausal: After menopause the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 consecutive months without menstruation.  

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin a rash can be caused by an underlying medical condition hormonal cycles, allergies or contact with irritating substance.

Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones, the scapula ( Shoulder blade) and the humerus (The long bone of the upper arm).

Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancers especially whether the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be benign or malignant (cancerous).

-        Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones, the scapula (should blade) and the humerus (The long bone of the upper arm).

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

-        Attitude: This is a way of thinking or beliefs which influence the determination of series of behavior towards objects, persons, or the environment.

          -        Practice: The usual way of doing something.

-        Breast: This is an accessory organ on the woman’s chest which produce milk during and after pregnancy.

-        Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

-        Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living being.

          -        Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials.

-        Breast Cancer: The female reproductive organ which is affected by abnormal growth of cells.

-        Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and in some cases to metastasize.

-        Cancer Symptoms: Abnormal sensation or conditions that persons can notice that are result of a cancer.

-        Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, heart and part of the aorta.

-        Cure: To heal, to make well, to restore to good health.

-        Discharge: The flow of fluid from part of the body.

-        Ligament: A tough band to connective tissue that connects various structure.

-        Menopause: The time in a woman’s life when menstrual periods permanently stop.

-        Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony.

-        Pectoral Muscles: Muscles of the anterior chest (The front of the chest).

-        Post Menopausal: After menopause the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 consecutive months without menstruation.

-        Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin a rash can be caused by an underlying medical condition hormonal cycles, allergies or contact with irritating substances.

-        Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of cancers especially when the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body.

-        Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be benign or malignant (cancerous).

-        Therapeutic: is the part of medical science which treats and also the discovery and application of remedies for diseases.


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