Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 65 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
The ultimate aim of scientific investigation about plants is to make active ingredients which are very useful in production of some chemical compounds which on the other hand contribute immensely in enhancing the standard of some chemical industries in Nigeria and the world at large. Most of these chemical compounds are used largely in production of modern commercially proven drugs used in arresting ailments for health need of the people. These drugs were used initially in crude form and equally used for traditional healing practices or for other purposes that suggested potentially useful for biological activities. The primary benefits of using plants derived medicines are that they are relatively safer than synthetic alternatives. Offering profound therapeutic benefits and more affordable treatment. The prevalence of bioactive principles such as tannins, alkaloids, glycosisdes, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, etc underscores the need for continuous search for bioactive or active ingredients extracted from plants, though some of the active ingredients of crude rugs become obsolete because of the drug resistant problems. The consequence of drug resistant implies that new techniques will be adopted to meet up with the resistance of the drug by diseases. Most bioactive compounds of natural origin are secondary metabolites (that is species). Species chemical agents that can be grouped into various categories. A tropical protocol to isolate a pure chemical agent from natural origin is bio assay guided fractionation, meaning step by step separation of extracted components based on differences in their physiochemical properties and assessing their bioactivity followed by separation and assaying.
In most cases, biologically active compounds have not been determined, therefore it is important to use chromatographic techniques to isolate, then analyze active components not only for the quality control of crude drugs but also for the elucidation of their structures and therapeutic mechanisms. Most of the drugs employed for the treatment of human ailments are obtained by extraction either by infusion or decoction process using water, natural gin of palm wine as solvents. Correct selection of solvent is vital in the study of activities of plants constituents or active ingredients.
Presently, scientific and technological advancement have made possible in the investigation of a large number of medicinal plants employing a systematic screening method using chromatographic techniques and spectroscopic techniques to establish the actual effects. Among the many plants understudy in this research, Anchomanes difformis. Thus, the quest for plant metabolites which help cure the diseases of man and give him a healthy living prompted a research into this study. The present study will isolate, identify and characterize the active principle in Anchomanes difformis. Extraction and isolation of bioactive agents from plant is one of the intensive areas of natural product chemistry and field is not yet exhausted.
1.1 LITERATURE REVIEW
Nwatagbuo Odagide, Igbo akabi, okanangba
Anchomanes difformis is a genus of flowering plants in the family araceae. It is herbaceous plant with stout prickly stem (leaf petiole) to 2m high bearing a much divided leaf, spathe is 20-25cm long, both stem and spathe arising from a horizontal tuber to 80cm long by 20cm across. It shows lack of style and often pale colours. The herb is perennial, wetland or terrestrial and occasionally emergent or floating. The rhizomes are vertical or horizontal which is either creeping at or near surface and sometimes branched. It has a parallel or pinnate or palmate – netted venation, but usually Anchomanes difformis exhibits typical monocotyledonous parallel leaf venation the leaves are very large with notched base. The flowers are purple while the others are green.
1.3 HABIT AND DISTRIBUTION
Anchomanes difformis is a terrestrial plant occurring from Ghana to Nigeria and widespread in savanna zones of tropical Africa. It also occurs in forest of Sierra Leone to wet Cameroons.
1.4 LOCAL USES OF Anchomanes difformis
Food, Medicine and social uses
1.4.1 FOOD USES
Samples of stem, leaves, shoots and fruit from lowland African rain forest are analyzed for nutrients, digestibility and digestion inhibiting substances which is important in the diets of western gorillas, large generalist herbivores in coastal Cameroon
The plant extracts provides good protection to stored grains
1.4.2 MEDICINAL USES
The rhizomes are used to make rubefacients for external application and alternatives for internal medication in Ghana but care has to be exercised on account of the caustic nature of the sap. In Ivory Coast the plant is a powerful purgative and is used to treat oedema, difficult child birth, as a poison antidote and as a strong diuretic for treating urethral discharge, jaundice, kidney pains, liver veneral diseases. Sap from the stem is used as an eye medicine in Ghana and the liquid obtained after cooking the crushed leaves with other drug plants is drunk as a cough cure. The plant stem and leaves are used for re-conditioning of the health of elderly people. Presence of phenolic compounds in the plant had been said to be accounted for most of the antioxidant activity of the plant extract.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR MICROBIOLOGY FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» INTRODUCTION Nature has always been the mother of all treatments, which provides therapies for all illnesses and diseases. Through the process of stud...Continue Reading »
2. MOSQUITO SURVEY THROUGH LARVAL SAMPLING AND OVITRAPPING IN PARTS OF ASABA, DELTA STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.» ABSTRACT A survey of the mosquito fauna of Asaba, the Delta State capital of Southwestern Nigeria was undertaken between January and March 2009. The m...Continue Reading »
3. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CARBON SOURCES ON THE GROWTH OF ANTIMICROBIAL PRODUCING Bacillus Species IN Citrillus vugaris.» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Traditional fermented condiments (OGIRI EGUSI) based on vegetable proteins are consumed by different ethnic groups in Nig...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Toward the end of the 20th century, epidemiological studies and associated meta analyses suggested strongly that long ter...Continue Reading »
5. EVALUATION OF THE MODULATORY EFFECT OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CADABA FARINOSA Forssk ON CARBONIC ANHYDRASE IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RAT...» ABSTRACT Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an ubiquitous enzyme catalyzing the reversible hydration of CO2 to HCO3 and H+. CA plays a crucial role in CO2 tra...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACTInvitro determination of bacteriocidal effect of garlic extract on staphylococcus aureus causing skin and urinary tract infection (UTI) on som...Continue Reading »
7. ANTIBIOGRAM AND MICROBIAL CARRIAGE OF CAMPUS SHUTTLE DOOR HANDLES IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, AKURE.» ABSTRACT The transmission of infection via fomites constitutes a major threat to public health especially in the developing countries. This study was ...Continue Reading »
8. ASSESSMENT OF EXTRACELLULAR BETA-GALACTOSIDASE PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DAIRY EFFLUENT» ABSTRACT Dairy wastewater is increasingly becoming an environmental concern. There is a widespread interest in the use of beta galactosidase (EC 3.2.1...Continue Reading »
9. OPTIMIZING ALPHA AMYLASE PRODUCTION FROM LOCALLY ISOLATED Aspergillus species USING SELECTED AGRO WASTES AS SUBSTRATES» ABSTRACT α Amylase are enzymes that are used in the degradation of starch. This study focuses on optimizing the production of α Amylase us...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE1.0 Introduction1.1 Background of the Study The number of people with high blood pressure is in the increase and research has shown that th...Continue Reading »